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Setting up and securing a campus-wide WIFI network Lessons Georgia Cumberland Academy Ernest Staats MCSE,

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Presentasi berjudul: "Setting up and securing a campus-wide WIFI network Lessons Georgia Cumberland Academy Ernest Staats MCSE,"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Setting up and securing a campus-wide WIFI network Lessons Georgia Cumberland Academy Ernest Staats MCSE, CNA, CWNA, CCNA, Security+, I-Net+, Network+, Server+, A+ and all around Nerd URL

2 Wifi : Apa yang diketahui ttg WiFi? 1.Julio : Koneksi Tanpa kabel 2.Aldo : Area Sebaran sinyal Tebatas/bisa dibatasi, Bisa kirim data. 3.Ardi : Terdapat berbagai Standar WiFi a/b/g/n/ 4.Anita : Kecepatan Berbeda-beda tgt Standarnya 5.Nobertus : Cakupan Area terbatas 6.M Nahak : Bisa untuk distribusi VLAN 7.Fitri : bisa berhubungan dg Internet 8.Ahmad I : Konek ke Wifi bisa bebas/security 9.IP bisa bisa dibuat Dinamic/Static tergantung pada Router yg mengelola. Wifi bisa sebagai penerus (Switch/Router) 10.Bisa untuk Sharing data

3 Tentang WiFi Jenis Antena beragam Vertikal/Horisontal, Onmi Directional, Sectoral, pengarah, Dish,dll. Wifi bisa Indoor/Outdoor. Misalnya : Software Wifi + Perangkat di Mikrotik untuk manage User. Frekuensi (2,4 dan 5,7 Ghz) : Kanal Terbatas Software : WiFi dilengkapi dengan Firmware bisa di Konfigurasi : IP, SSID, Kanal, Daya, Security, Mode operasi, Standar.

4 Apa yang diketahui ttg WiFI Perangkat punya keterbatasan Kapasitas/ kemampuan yang bisa terhubung dalam waktu bersamaan. Sebaran sinyal wifi bisa terserap /terpantul /berkurang oleh berbagai halangan : Tembok, Besi, Air, Gunung/bukit, dll

5 family

6

7 MIMO

8 Testing di WiFi Apa saja? Keamanan (security) : Security testing. (Penetration tesing) Bandwidth Test : Throughput Test Survey / mapping : Coverage area/ WiFi Mapping. Penentuan jumlah & lokasi penempatan AP yang tepat. Simulasi untuk Hotmap WiFi : Design WiFi.

9 Testing / Software ?? Software/Alat apa saja? Bagaimana menggunakan? Hasil bagaimana? Yang bagus seperti apa? Manfaat dari Testing apa saja? Siapa yang bisa melakukan testing? Profesional testing bagaimana?

10 Define your WIFI needs: Types of connections Speed of connection Acceptable uses Cost and redundancy

11 Site Survey: What types of interference are you going to contend with What distances do you need to broadcast What types of data are you going to support over WIFI (data/voice) Network access Setup worst-case scenario for testing Know what your signal to Noise ratio You should be expect an interview before any testing is done (how many users, roaming, location of wiring closets)

12 Site Survey: Report Describe survey’s basis, approach and results. Define all requirements, and assumptions Describe RF interference found Identify recommended installations locations and channels for Access Points Give a map with listing of RF strength, and list any dead spots Adapted from: Certified Wireless Network Administrator certification Course available at::

13 Self-Installation: Do you have the skills/ time for self- installation Software for testing Equipment for testing—use the same equipment you plan to deploy

14 Consultant Installation: How and what are they using for a site survey The Ping of Death ­ True load testing S/N Ask for guarantee of results and be a part of the testing process

15 Vendors : So many choices—which one is right for you? Standardize on ONE vendor for a given application The type of network may determine what vendor you choose

16 Vendor Relations Establishing Constructive Relationships Types of Hardware Support – Vendor – 3rd-party – Self Two-way Problem Resolution Adapted from: MSIA Seminar 2 Week 2 M. E. Kabay, PhD, CISSP Program Director, MSIA Norwich University

17 Establishing Constructive Relationships Avoid the bleeding edge Price should not be the only factor Evaluate sales contact from vendor Specify who has what responsibility in the contract Never buy under pressure (FUD) Write down details of meetings and distribute to all participants Adapted from: MSIA Seminar 2 Week 2 M. E. Kabay, PhD, CISSP Program Director, MSIA Norwich University

18 Securing the network: First, secure your wired network Then secure your wireless network Security methods for WIFI – Radius – Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) – WEP (easier to crack) (Change your Keys) Airsnort, Airfart, AirCrack, and others

19 A Case study—GCA: GCA has two separate WIFI networks one is secured and one is open. Providing wireless ISP services for another school (secured) Giving access to all staff on campus homes (secured) The campus WIFI network for student access (not secure) What went wrong What was done to solve the issues

20 Campus Map External WIFI

21 Campus Map Internal WIFI

22 Hardware: GCA Amplifier (now removed from system) Bridges 3COM work Access Points Client cards

23 Photos Outside WIFI network 3Com 13 dBi Directional Sector Panel Antenna (Homes) 3Com 11 Mbps Wireless LAN Workgroup Bridge 3com Building to Building Bridge 3Com 18 dBi Directional Sector Panel Antenna (Ad Building and Coble)

24 Outside WIFI network cont. Pigtail 3Com Workgroup Bridge SMA Cable Adapter 15 dBi Omni-Directional Antenna AMP mW Outdoor Amplifier 3Com 20 foot Antenna Cable Used Radio Shack TV Antenna mast

25 Inside WIFI Installing Meru A P (what is wrong?) Meru AP100 Access Point Meru Controller 1100 Blade

26 Security: GCA Building to building Networks – Used non WIFI Compatible settings – WEP – MAC Address Filtering Campus in the buildings – Separate from main school network – Open system – Radius ?

27 Tips Use at least four devices to test the AP at the same time Use same equipment in test as will be used in real life Understand what will cause issues Metal heat ducts, placement of AP, 2.4 gig Phones, etc. Understand co-channel interference

28 Tugas NIM Mahasiswa GENAP 1.Terkait Software untuk Testing Coverage (Cakupan)/Pemetaan area WiFi Hotspot. Berikan : a)Contoh Software b)Fitur yang disediakan Software c)Lisensi Software d)Tampilan (Screenshoot) 2.Jika kita menggunakan banyak WiFi Access Point, bagaimana melihat Spektrum Frekuensi dari Wifi. Apakah Kanal-kanal yang digunakan sudah tepat atau belum?

29 Tugas NIM Mahasiswa GASAL 1.Terkait Software AirCheck™ Wi-Fi Tester Berikan : a)Fitur yang disediakan Software b)Digunakan untuk apa? c)Lisensi Software d)Tampilan (Screenshoot) 2.Bagaimana menguji /test Kapasitas WiFi apakah sudah sesuai dengan yang diharapkan. Serta Software apa yang bisa digunakan?

30 Pengumpulan Paling Lambat Jam tanggal 8 November saja : Subject : 21-TJ-NIM Bentuk File : doc / pdf

31

32 Resources: Software Air Magnet download.php download.php DrWi-Fi Net Stumbler –Free Mini Stumbler –Free Aircrack sniffer and WEP key cracker for Windows and Linux. -Free

33 Resources: Links CWNP Learning Center has over 1000 free white papers, case studies: free electronic site survey forms (excellent): GUIDE TO MASTERING NEGOTIATIONS: 2537/whiteboardtoview.pdf 2537/whiteboardtoview.pdf List of Equipment used at GCA: tech/gcaeq.pdf tech/gcaeq.pdf


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