Perencanaan Kapasitas Budi Harsanto Manajemen Operasi Bisnis
Jenis KapasitasJenis Kapasitas • Kapasitas desain (design capacity): the maximum theoretical output of a system. • Kapasitas efektif (effective capacity): the capacity a firm expects to achieve given current operating constraints. Often lower than design capacity.
Mengelola PermintaanMengelola Permintaan Permintaan melebihi Kapasitas o Curtail demand by raising prices, scheduling longer lead time. o Long term solution is to increase capacity. Kapasitas melebihi Permintaan. o Stimulate market. o Product changes.
1.Making staffing changes 2.Adjusting equipment • Purchasing additional machinery • Selling or leasing out existing equipment 3.Improving processes to increase throughput 4.Redesigning products to facilitate more throughput 5.Adding process flexibility to meet changing product preferences 6.Closing facilities Matching Demand to CapacityMatching Demand to Capacity Heizer & Render