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Presentasi berjudul: "Pengantar Teknologi Informasi"— Transcript presentasi:
1 Pengantar Teknologi Informasi To the instructor:This presentation attempts to cover every term in the text, sometimes via a slide, sometimes via the Notes page.Additional material beyond what is in the text is presented via either:Occasional “FACTOID” notations on the Notes page; or,Occasional hyperlinks in the slides themselves. ScreenTip text has been added to each hyperlink allowing you to see in advance where that link will take you.In addition, the last 18 slides are questions covering the material just presented. They can be used to increase interaction between the instructor and students at the end of each lecture, to ensure students understand the material just presented, etc.Finally, some of the Notes pages include “Discussion questions” for encouraging student interaction during the lecture.
2 Pengertian InternetInternet adalah kependekan dari Interconnected Network atau jaringan Komputer yang saling terhubung satu sama lain di seluruh dunia.Sejarah intenet dimulai pada ketika Departemen Pertahanan Amerika, U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) memutuskan untuk mengadakan riset tentang bagaimana caranya menghubungkan sejumlah komputer sehingga membentuk jaringan organik.Program riset ini dikenal dengan nama ARPANET.
4 Internet Access Device & Physical Connection Bandwidth – an expression of how much data can be sent through a communications channel in a given amount of timeBroadband – Several signals can be sent at oncePhysical connection - the wired or wireless means of connecting to the internet.Broadband is a very high-speed connection.
5 Internet Access Device & Physical Connection Download - to transmit data from a remote computer to a local computerUpload - to transmit data from a local computer to a remote computerTypes of transmissions: upload and downloadTransmission speeds:Bps - bits per second.Kbps - kilobits per second, or 1000 bits per second.Mbps - megabits per second, or 1 million bits per second.Gbps - gigabits per second, or 1 billion bits per second.
6 Telephone (Dial-Up) Modem: Low Speed but Inexpensive & Widely Available Modem - a device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from computersThere are two types of modems – internal and externalTypes of wired internet access devices and their access speeds:1. Modem: Most standard modems have a speed of 56 Kbps.Using a modem and a phone line to establish a connection to the internet is called making a dial-up connection.
7 Application Software: For Sale, for Free, or for Rent Commercial software – copyrighted and must be paidPublic-domain software – not copyrightedShareware – copyrighted and free but requires a fee to be paid for continued use.Freeware – Copyrighted and freeRentalware – Copyrighted and leasedPirated software – Software obtained illegallyAbandonware – Software that is no longer sold or supported by its publisherCopyright - the exclusive legal right that prohibits copying of intellectual property without the permission of the copyright holder.Example of freeware: Netscape Navigator & Microsoft Internet ExplorerSoftware license - a contract you sign in which you agree not to make copies of the software to give away or for resale.FACTOID: < Show the students the software license for a web browser. (For Internet Explorer, you can find this in the Help window. For Netscape Navigator, this can be found in the “About Communicator” page. The actual location on your computer may vary depending on which version of browser you are running.) Scroll down so that they can get an idea of the amount of “legalese” involved in a software license.>Pirated software - software obtained illegally, as when you make a copy of software that your friend has purchased.Discussion question:How serious an offense do you think it is to install software from a CD that your friend purchased and installed on his or her computer?
8 The Components of System Software Operating system - the principal component of system softwareDevice drivers - help the computer control peripheral devicesUtility programs - support, enhance, or expand existing programsOperating system (OS) - the low-level master system of programs that manage the basic operations of the computer. Also called the software platform.
9 The Operating SystemBooting - the process of loading an operating system into a computer’s main memory
10 The Operating System: File Management and Formatting The operating system’s file system arranges files in hierarchical fashionFormatting or initializing a disk is the process of preparing that disk for use
11 Common Operating Systems Desktop & Laptop Operating Systems Platform - a particular processor model and operating system on which a computer system is basedDisk Operating System (DOS) - the original operating system produced by Microsoft, which had a hard-to-use command-driven user interface
12 Desktop & Laptop Operating Systems Mac OS - operating system which runs only on Apple Macintosh computersThe Macintosh OS was first launched in 1984, and inspired rival Microsoft to upgrade DOS to the more user-friendly Windows operating systems.It set the standard for icon-oriented, easy-to-use graphical user interfaces.
13 Network Operating Systems Windows XP - Microsoft’s newest OS, which combines elements of Windows 2000 and Windows Me
14 Network Operating Systems UNIX - a multitasking operating system for multiple users with built-in networking capability and versions that can run on all kinds of computersSun Microsystems’ SolarisBerkeley Software Distribution (BSD)Linux - a free version of UNIX, with continual improvements resulting from the efforts of tens of thousands of volunteer programmersSolaris - super-reliable version of Unix that seems to be most popular for handling large e-commerce servers and large websites.BSD - free software which began in the 1970s in the the computer science department of the University of California at Berkeley. There are now three variations:The Free BSD Project, focused on standard PCs;NetBSD - focused on a wide range of platforms; andOpenBSD - focused on security.
15 Network Operating Systems Linux - Open-source software - software which any programmer can download from the Internet for free and modify with suggested improvementsFACTOID: The Open Source Initiative is a non-profit corporation “dedicated to managing and promoting the Open Source Definition for the good of the community.”Linus Torvalds, creator of Linux
16 Operating Systems for Handhelds Palm OS - the dominant OS for handhelds, which runs the Palm and Handspring Visor, and is licensed to other companiesWindows CE (now Pocket PC) - slimmed-down version of Windows for handhelds
17 Operating Systems for Handhelds Android adalah sistem operasi untuk telepon seluler yang berbasis Linux. Awalnya, Google Inc. membeli Android Inc., pendatang baru yang membuat peranti lunak untuk ponsel.Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google and is based upon a modified version of the Linux kernel.
18 Operating Systems for Handhelds Symbian OS adalah sistem operasi tak bebas yang dikembangkan oleh Symbian Ltd. yang dirancang untuk digunakan peralatan bergerak (mobile).In 2008, the former Symbian Software Limited was acquired by Nokia and a new independent non-profit organisation called the Symbian Foundation was established.
19 Cloud computingKomputasi awan (cloud computing) adalah gabungan pemanfaatan teknologi komputer ('komputasi') dan pengembangan berbasis Internet ('awan').IEEE Internet Computing "Cloud Computing adalah suatu paradigma di mana informasi secara permanen tersimpan di server di internet dan tersimpan secara sementara di komputer pengguna (client) termasuk di dalamnya adalah desktop, komputer tablet, notebook, komputer tembok, handheld, sensor-sensor, monitor dan lain-lain."