Presentasi berjudul: "From Good to Sound Governance"— Transcript presentasi:
1 From Good to Sound Governance Wima Y PrasetyoFrom Good to Sound GovernanceMateri Kuliah “Governance Theory”
2 Empirical Background 1 Universalisme GG 2 Golden Triangle sebagai Governance Actors3Mengabaikan peran aktor internasional4Hubungan yang tidak seimbang : aktor lokal dan internasional5Berlaku nilai tunggal6Secara teoritis, Praktik GG mengabaikan MLG
3 Konflik MLG : internasionalism Vs Nasionalisme Kritik terhadap ggTidak semua prinsip mulus dan bisa diterapkan di negara-negara berkembangKonsep imperialistikKonflik MLG : internasionalism Vs Nasionalisme
4 Kemunculan Sound governance GGDominasi AktorNilai Tunggal & UniversalismePenegasian nilai dan potensi lokalMonopoli & Distorsi internasionalismS O U N D G O V E R N A N C E
5 GG & SG : Perspektif Aktor International ActorMultinational corporationInternational institutionInternationan NGOBilateral-Multilateral Institution
6 the concept of “soundness” is used to characterize governance with superior qualities in functions, structures, processes, values, dimensions, and Sound Governance elements that are necessary in governing and administration.D e f I n I s ithe concept of sound governance is used to denote a system of government that is not only domestically sound and virtually flawless economically/financially, politically, democratically, constitutionally, organizationally, administratively, managerially, and ethically, but is also sound internationally/globally in its interaction with other nation-states and their governments in an independent and self-determining fashion.
7 D I m e n s i PROSES STRUKTUR Kognisi & Nilai Sound governance involves a process of governing with the interaction of all elements or stakeholders involvedSTRUKTURStructure is a body of constitutive elements, actors, rules, regulations, procedures, decision-making frameworks, and authoritative sources that sanctions or legitimates the governance process (influenced by a multitude of internal and external, local and international factors and forces)Kognisi & Nilairepresents the unique or deviant value system of the governance structure or process. For example, an unhealthy, corrupt, lacks institutionalization and legitimacy
8 Organisasi & Institusi D I m e n s iKonstitusiThe constitution is the fundamental guiding document that serves as a blueprint of governanceOrganisasi & InstitusiGovernance structure and process as well as policies depend on governance institutions, and without institutions there is no sound governanceManajemen & KinerjaWithout a sound management system characterized by efficiency and effectiveness, sound governance will suffer from incompetence, poor performance, waste and duplication, bureau-pathologies, and lack of legitimacy
9 D I M E N S I Policy Sector Ethic, Transparancy, & Accountability which gives the elements or dimensions of process, structure, and management sound guidance, direction, and steeringSectorSectoral dimensions of governance are important as they are focused on specific sectors such as industrial, agricultural, rural, urban, scientific, research and development, education, health, transportation, and other areasInternational or Globalization Forcesnation-states, governments, and citizens are increasingly drawn into a growing set of regimes that either show intolerance toward certain governance behaviors that were formerly and traditionally considered normal and internal to sovereign governmentsEthic, Transparancy, & AccountabilityThis principle of sound governance checks against the potential abuses and corruptions of the system as well as against the blind principles of pure efficiency and economy in the management and administration processesD I M E N S I
10 Kunci pentingInnovation is key to sound governance, and innovation in policy and administration is central to sound governance as well. Without policy and administrative innovations, governance falls into decay and ineffectiveness, loses capacity to govern, and becomes a target of criticism and failure. Sound governance, therefore, demands continuous innovations in policy and administration processes, structures, and value systems. Innovations in technology, resource development, communication systems, organization and management, training and development, research, and a host of other areas are essential to the soundness of governance and administration.
11 Kelebihan sg Lebih komprehensif Melibatkan institusi global tidak di luar domain governance actors yang harus diatur, tetapi sebagai aktor yang harus diaturMemperhatikan potensi konflik antar MLGTidak mengesampingkan indigenous governance (keseimbangan MLG)Menitikberatkan faktor inovasiSound governance here reflects both governing and administrative functions with sound organizational and managerial performance that is not only current and maintenance-competent but also anticipatory, responsive, accountable and transparent, and self-corrective; hence strategic and long-term oriented as well as short-term operational
12 Prinsip GG Versi World Bank Nilai-Nilai Pancasila Prinsip GG Versi UNDPPrinsip GG Versi World BankNilai-Nilai PancasilaPARTICIPATIONRULE OF LAWTRANSPARENCYRESPONSIVECONSENSUS ORIENTATIONEQUITYEFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCYACCOUNTABILITYSTRATEGIC VISIONTransparencyQuality of RulesEnforcementMeritocracyPoliticizationWage satisfactionVoiceMissionService performanceService accessResourcesAuditKETUHANAN (SILA I)KEMANUSIAAN (HAK ASASI MANUSIA) (SILA II)KEBERADABAN (SILA II)KEADILAN (SILA II)PERSATUAN (SILA III)KEDAULATAN RAKYAT (PARTISIPASI) (SILA IV)DEMOKRASI DALAM PERMUSYAWARATAN (SILA IV)KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL (SILA V)KEGOTONGROYONGAN/KEKELUARGAAN (SILA V)