Wima Y Prasetyo Materi Kuliah “Governance Theory”
1 Universalisme GG 2 Golden Triangle sebagai Governance Actors 3 Mengabaikan peran aktor internasional 4 Hubungan yang tidak seimbang : aktor lokal dan internasional 5 Berlaku nilai tunggal 6 Secara teoritis, Praktik GG mengabaikan MLG
Tidak semua prinsip mulus dan bisa diterapkan di negara-negara berkembang Konsep imperialistik Konflik MLG : internasionalism Vs Nasionalisme
GG Dominasi Aktor Nilai Tunggal & Universalisme Penegasian nilai dan potensi lokal Monopoli & Distorsi internasionalism S O U N D G O V E R N A N C E
GG SG International Actor Multinational corporation International institution Internationan NGO Bilateral- Multilateral Institution
the concept of sound governance is used to denote a system of government that is not only domestically sound and virtually flawless economically/financially, politically, democratically, constitutionally, organizationally, administratively, managerially, and ethically, but is also sound internationally/globally in its interaction with other nation-states and their governments in an independent and self-determining fashion. the concept of “soundness” is used to characterize governance with superior qualities in functions, structures, processes, values, dimensions, and Sound Governance elements that are necessary in governing and administration.
Sound governance involves a process of governing with the interaction of all elements or stakeholders involved PROSES Structure is a body of constitutive elements, actors, rules, regulations, procedures, decision- making frameworks, and authoritative sources that sanctions or legitimates the governance process (influenced by a multitude of internal and external, local and international factors and forces) STRUKTUR represents the unique or deviant value system of the governance structure or process. For example, an unhealthy, corrupt, lacks institutionalization and legitimacy Kognisi & Nilai
The constitution is the fundamental guiding document that serves as a blueprint of governance Konstitusi Governance structure and process as well as policies depend on governance institutions, and without institutions there is no sound governance Organisasi & Institusi Without a sound management system characterized by efficiency and effectiveness, sound governance will suffer from incompetence, poor performance, waste and duplication, bureau- pathologies, and lack of legitimacy Manajemen & Kinerja
Policy which gives the elements or dimensions of process, structure, and management sound guidance, direction, and steering Sector Sectoral dimensions of governance are important as they are focused on specific sectors such as industrial, agricultural, rural, urban, scientific, research and development, education, health, transportation, and other areas International or Globalization Forces nation-states, governments, and citizens are increasingly drawn into a growing set of regimes that either show intolerance toward certain governance behaviors that were formerly and traditionally considered normal and internal to sovereign governments Ethic, Transparancy, & Accountability This principle of sound governance checks against the potential abuses and corruptions of the system as well as against the blind principles of pure efficiency and economy in the management and administration processes D I M E N S I
Innovation is key to sound governance, and innovation in policy and administration is central to sound governance as well. Without policy and administrative innovations, governance falls into decay and ineffectiveness, loses capacity to govern, and becomes a target of criticism and failure. Sound governance, therefore, demands continuous innovations in policy and administration processes, structures, and value systems. Innovations in technology, resource development, communication systems, organization and management, training and development, research, and a host of other areas are essential to the soundness of governance and administration.
Lebih komprehensif Melibatkan institusi global tidak di luar domain governance actors yang harus diatur, tetapi sebagai aktor yang harus diatur Memperhatikan potensi konflik antar MLG Tidak mengesampingkan indigenous governance (keseimbangan MLG) Menitikberatkan faktor inovasi Sound governance here reflects both governing and administrative functions with sound organizational and managerial performance that is not only current and maintenance-competent but also anticipatory, responsive, accountable and transparent, and self- corrective; hence strategic and long-term oriented as well as short- term operational
Prinsip GG Versi UNDP Prinsip GG Versi World Bank Nilai-Nilai Pancasila 1.PARTICIPATION 2.RULE OF LAW 3.TRANSPARENCY 4.RESPONSIVE 5.CONSENSUS ORIENTATION 6.EQUITY 7.EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY 8.ACCOUNTABILITY 9.STRATEGIC VISION 1.Transparency 2.Quality of Rules 3.Enforcement 4.Meritocracy 5.Politicization 6.Wage satisfaction 7.Voice 8.Mission 9.Service performance 10.Service access 11.Resources 12.Audit 1.KETUHANAN (SILA I) 2.KEMANUSIAAN (HAK ASASI MANUSIA) (SILA II) 3.KEBERADABAN (SILA II) 4.KEADILAN (SILA II) 5.PERSATUAN (SILA III) 6.KEDAULATAN RAKYAT (PARTISIPASI) (SILA IV) 7.DEMOKRASI DALAM PERMUSYAWARATAN (SILA IV) 8.KESEJAHTERAAN SOSIAL (SILA V) 9.KEGOTONGROYONGAN/ KEKELUARGAAN (SILA V)