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ENGLISH LESSON FOR SMP STUDENTS ENGLISH IS AN INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE BRITISH ENGLISH AMERMICAN ENGLISH AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH INDIAN ENGLISH INDONESIAN ENGLISH.

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Presentasi berjudul: "ENGLISH LESSON FOR SMP STUDENTS ENGLISH IS AN INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE BRITISH ENGLISH AMERMICAN ENGLISH AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH INDIAN ENGLISH INDONESIAN ENGLISH."— Transcript presentasi:

1 ENGLISH LESSON FOR SMP STUDENTS ENGLISH IS AN INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE BRITISH ENGLISH AMERMICAN ENGLISH AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH INDIAN ENGLISH INDONESIAN ENGLISH

2 ENGLISH MATERIAL LISTENING (LISTEN TO ANYTHING ABOUT ENGLISH) SPEAKING ( GAMBIT, EXPRESSION, INTERJECTION, BODY LANGUAGE) READING ( ALOUD, COMPREHENSION, RETORICAL STEP) WRITING (ALPHABET, WORD, PHRASE, SENTENCE, PARAGRAPH, TEXT)

3 HOW TO STUDY LISTENING - LISTENT ANY SOURCE ABOUT ENGLISH SOUND - TRY TO RECOGNIZE THE ENGLISH WORD IN IT - TRY TO COMPREHEND THE MEANING - TRY TO TRANSLATE THE MEANING OF THE WORD -MAKE THE CONCLUSION ABOUT THE TEXT

4 SPEAKING GAMBIT - SWEAR, SURE, OK, …. EXPRESSION - I’M SORRY TO HEAR THAT, CONGRATULATION ON YOUR SUCCESS, … INTERJECTION -WOW, HEY, NO, HI, HELLO, ….. ==> SENTENCE, PARAGRAPH, TEXT, SPEECH, DIALOGUE, CONVERSATION, INTERVIEW, ….. BODY LANGUAGE OK, HI, HEY, PEACE, SURE SWEAR, …

5 READING READING ALOUD -ASPIRATION -PLOSSIVE SOUND (P,B,T,K) -HISSING SOUND (S, CH, SH,Z,..) -STOPPING (AFTER N, V, ADJ, ADV, PUNCTUATION)

6 READING COMPREHENSION READ THE TEXT BY HEART TRY TO KNOW THE GENERAL CONTENT REAND THE QUESTIONS Y/N Q, WH Q, COMPLEETION, INSTRUCTION ( MENTION, WRITE, CHOOSE, …) READ THE PARAGRAPH READ THE CERTAIN SENTENCE FIND OUT THE RELEVAN SENTENCE QUESTION CONSTRUC THE SENTENCE BASED ON QUESTION COMPLETE THE SENTENCE BASED ON SENTENCE THAT IS RELEVAN.

7 HOW TO DO READING COMPREHENSION? Read by heart / Glance – Title – Paragraph Main idea – 70% kesimpulan kalimat pertama – 30% kesimpulan kalimat terakhir – Sentence Main sentence Parts of sentence ( S + P + O/K Alasan, Tempat, Waktu) – Generic structure – Kind of Text

8 QUESTION OF R COMP. YES / NO QUESTION – AUXILIARY VERB : am, is, are, was, were, do,does, did, have, has, had, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, might, must, had to. WH QUESTION – What – Who – Where – When – Why – How … – Which …

9 READING FOR RETORICAL STEPS GLANCE THE TEXT INTERNALIZE THE PARTICIPANT INTERNALIZE THE PROCESS INTERNALIZE THE INTENSIFIERS -MANNER INTENSIFIERS -PLACE INTENSIFIERS -TIME INTENSIFIERS

10 PARTICIPANTS SPECIFIC PARTICIPANT -SINGGLE, SPECIAL, LIMITED GENERAL PARTICIPANT -COMMON, LARGE AMOUNT COMPLEETE PARTICIPANT -EACH PART, PERFECT COMPLEX PARTICIPANT -VARIOUS, HETEROGEN

11 PROCESS MATERIAL PROCESS -FOLLOWED BY OBJECT (EAT, BRING, ….) RELATIONAL PROCESS -AUXILLIARY VERBS ( AM, IS, ….. 21) VERBAL PROCESS -SPOKEN WORD ( SAY, SPEAK, TELL, …..) MENTAL PROCESS -FEELING ( FEEL, THINK, ……..)

12 INTENSIFIERS MANNER -PARTIAL REASON ( WORD) -SIMPLE REASON (PHRASE) -COMPLEETE REASON (CLAUSE) PLACE -SPECIAL PLACE ( S.PARMAN STREET NO. 3 KEBUMEN) -COMPLEETE PLACE (S. PARMAN STREET NO. 3 KEBUMEN, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA) -COMPLEX PLACE ( IN THE FOREST, IN THE CITY, IN EVERY LOCATION) TIME -SINGGLE TIME SIGNAL ( IN THE MORNING) -COMPLEX TIME SIGNAL ( AT 7 O’CLOCK IN THE MORNING EVERY DAY)

13 WRITING ALPHABET ( O, I, CETAK, LATIN, BALOK) PUNCTUATION (,. ; : ‘ “ …….) WORD ( CONGRATULATION, SUCCESS, …) SENTENCE (CONSTRUCT, ARRANGE WORDS TO BECOME GOOD SENTENCE) PARAGRAPH (CONSTRUCT, ARR. SENTENCES INTO GOOD PARAGRAPH) TEXT (CONSTRUCT, ARRANGE SENTENCES, ARRANGE PARAGRAPHS INTO TEXT)

14 COMBINATION LISTENING – SPEAKING -REPEATING, PARROTING, FOLLOWING LISTENING - READING -LISTENING COMPREHENSION LISTENING – WRITING -DICTATION

15 SPEAKING – READING -READING ALOUD SPEAKING – WRITING -INTERPRETING READING – WRITING -ANSWERING THE QUESTION IN WRITTEN LISTENING – SPEAKING – READING -INTERPRETING ( R, L, S) LISTENING – SPEAKING – WRITING -PRESENTING (L, W, S) LISTENING – READING – WRITING -RESUMING LISTENING – SPEAKING – READING – WRITING -SPEECH, NARATING, SPEAKING ( L, W, R, S)

16 LANGUAGE MATERIALS VOCABULARIES ( A, EAT, BOOK, DANGER,…..) GRAMMAR ( N, PRON, V, ADV, ADJ, …. ) STRUCTURE( NP/ VP,TENSES, GEN STRUCTURE) TEXT( KIND OF TEXTS DESC – ANALITICAL)

17 HOW TO STUDY VOCABULARY EASIER? MEMORIZE SENTENCE OR PHRASE ( 4 – 7 WORDS) CHOOSE THE NICE TEXT FOR BASE. CONSTANTLY ABOVE THE MINIMAL IN A DAY. CONTINUOUSLY EVERY DAY. CROSS CHECK WITH FRIEND. TEXT VARIATION FOR VARIATING THE SENTENCE AND VOCABULARY.

18 How to study Grammar well? Parts of speech: Bagian dari kalimat / ungkapan. – 1. Noun kata benda – 2. Pronounkata ganti – 3. Verbkata kerja – 4. Adjectivekata sifat – 5. Adverbkata keterangan – 6. Articlekata sandang – 7. Prepositionkata depan – 8. Conjunctionkata sambung – 9. Interjectionkata seru – 10. To infinitivekata kerja yg diawali to – 11. Gerundkata kerja ing – 12. Phrasekelompok kata – 13. clauseanak kalimat – 14 Numberangka / jumlah – 15. Punctuationtanda baca

19 NOUN : KATA BENDA CONCREETE NOUNBENDA NYATA ABSTRACT NOUNBENDA TAK NYATA COUNTABLE NOUNBENDA TERHITUNG UNCOUNTABLE NOUNBTAK BISA DIHITUNG SINGULAR NOUNBENDA TUNGGAL PLURAL NOUNBENDA JAMAK COLLECTIVE NOUNBENDA KELOMPOK

20 PRONOUN : KATA GANTI BENDA SUBJECTOBJECTPOSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE POSSESSIVE PRONOUN REFLEXIVE PRONOUN I saya Me saya My …. …. saya Mine Milik saya Myself Saya sendiri You kamu You kamu Your …. …. kamu Yours Milik kamu Yourself Kamu sendiri He Dia laki2 Him Dia laki2 His … … dia laki2 His Milik dia laki2 Himself Dia laki2 sendir She Dia perempuan Her Dia prp Her … … dia peremp Hers Milik dia prp Herself Dia prp sendiri It Ia It ia Its …. … ia / nya Its Miliknya / ia Itself Ia sendiri We Kami/kita Us Kami/kita Our … … kami/kita Ours Milik kami/kita Ourselves Kami sendiri You Kamusekalian They Mereka You Kamu skl Them mereka Your … … kamu skl Their … … mereka Yours Milik kamu skl Theirs Milik mereka Yourselves Kamu skl sendir Themselves Mereka sendiri

21 INDEFINITE PRONOUN COMBINEONE 0RANG BODY ORANG THING SUATU WHERE TEMPAT TIME WAKTU SOME SE… (+) someone ANY SE… ( - OR ?) anybody NO TIDAK ADA Nothing EVERY SETIAP Everywhere EACH MASING2 Eachtime

22 VERB : KATA KERJA AUXILLIARY VERBKATA KERJA BANTU – Am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, might, must, had to. FULL VERBKATA KERJA ASLI /PENUH – To infinitive, verb I, Verb II, Verb III, Verb - Ing SPECIAL VERBKATA KERJA KHUSUS – Want to, like to, need to, have to, … COMBINE VERBKATA KERJA GABUNGAN – Auxill verb + full verb, special verb + full verb *Note verbs = regular verb and irregular verb

23 ADJECTIVE = KATA SIFAT ADJECTIVE adalah semua kata yang digunakan untuk menerangkan kata benda. Jika kata benda diterangkan oleh kata sifat tetapi dipisahkan oleh kata kerja dinamakan COMPLEMENT atau pelengkap. Sedangkan jika kata sifat menerangkan kata benda secara langsung alias gabung tanpa disela oleh kata lain dinamakan NOUN PHRASE, phrase kata benda. Example = Ali is clever ( adj as complement ) He is a clever boy ( adj as a phrase ) Buat daftar lawan kata adjective

24 ADVERB = KATA KETERANGAN ADVERB OF MANNER=KETERANGAN ALASAN Dibuat dari adjective + ly ( adv adjunct ) clever + ly = cleverly ( dengan …. nya ) ADVERB OF PLACE= KETERANGAN TEMPAT Diawali oleh preposition ( kata depan) in the class room, at home, on the wall, … ADVERB OF TIME= KETERANGAN WAKTU Name of time= nama waktu Frequency time= keseringan Tense time= waktu tenses

25 Adv. NAME OF TIME Second= detik Minute= menit Hour= jam Day= hari down= waktu subuh morning= pagi noon= tengah hari afternoon= sore evening= senja / petang night= malam midnight= tengah malam

26 Nama waktu 2 Week= minggu Sunday= hari Minggu / Minggu Monday= hari senin / senin Tuesday= Selasa Wednesday= Rabu Thursday= Kamis Friday= Jumat Saturday= Sabtu

27 MONTH = BULAN January = Januari February= Februari March= Maret April= April May= Mei June= Juni July= Juli August= Agustus September= September October= Oktober November= November December= Desember

28 SEASON = MUSIM IN INDONESIA= di Indonesia Dry season= musim kemarau Rainy season / wet season= musim penghujan IN WEST= di barat Spring= musim semi Summer= musim panas / buah Autumn= musim gugur / rontok Winter= musim dingin / salju / es

29 YEAR Year= tahun Leap year= tahun kabisat Century= abad Millennium= seribu tahun / milinium

30 ADVERB OF FREQUENCY ALWAYS= SELALU USUALLY= BIASANYA OFTEN= SERING SELDOM= JARANG EVER= PERNAH NEVER= TIDAK PERNAH

31 TENSE TIME EVERY …= SETIAP … … NOW= …. SEKARANG SINCE …= SEJAK …. FOR …= SELAMA … YESTERDAY …= KEMARIN … LAST …= … YANG LALU …AGO= … YANG LAMPAU WHEN ….= KETIKA …. WHILE ….= SELAGI …. BEFORE ….= SEBELUM … TOMORROW … = … KEMARIN NEXT …= … YANG AKAN DATANG

32 COMBINATION ONE DAY, FIVE DAYS EVERY MORNING, LAST YEAR, SEPTEMBER NOW TWO DAYS AGO, A MONTH AGO WHEN ALI CAME, WHILE ALI WAS STUDYING.

33 ARTICLE = KATA SANDANG A= SE, SEBUAH, SEEKOR, SEUTAS, SEORANG a book, a mango, a cat, a rope, a man, … AN= SE, SEBUAH, SEEKOR, SEUTAS, … an umbrella, an apple, an elephant, an artist,. THE= TAK BERARTI HANYA TUK MEMANTAPKAN the book, the black cat, the new artist, … Nb semua kata benda harus diawali dengan kata sandang agar lebih jelas.

34 PREPOSITION IN= IN THE BOX ON= ON THE TABLE UNDER= UNDER THE ROOF AT= AT SCHOOL ABOVE= ABOVE YOUR HEAD AROUND= AROUND THE YARD INSIDE= INSIDE THE DOOR OUTSIDE= OUTSIDE THE CLASS TO= TO SCHOOL OF= OF COURSE ETC….

35 CONJUNCTION ORDINATE CONJUNCTION = kata sambung tuk menyambung kalimat yang setingkat / setara. BUT= TETAPI AND = DAN OR= ATAU SUB-ORDINATE CONJUNCTION = Kata sambung untuk menyambung kata, atau menyambung bagian dari kalimat. when, while, as, because, in order, …

36 INTERJECTION HEY HELLO HI WOW GREAT SURE MMM…

37 TO INFINITIVE TO INFINITIVE = kata kerja yang masih asli dan utuh masih diawali to. Kata tersebut dianggap sebagai kata benda, bisa dijadikan subject atao object dalam kalimat. Contoh To sing is nice. To read is my hobby.

38 GERUND GERUND =adalah kata kerja ing yang dianggap sebagai kata benda. Kata kerja ing ada dua macam = 1. present participle yaitu kata kerja ing yang dianggap sebagai kata sifat. 2. gerund yaitu kata kerja ing yang dianggap sebagai kata benda. Contoh= Waiting is boring (gerund – present participle) Eating is nice (gerund) Ali is eating rice now (present participle)

39 PHRASE PHRASE = adalah kelompok kata yang terdiri dari dua, tiga kata atau lebih yang bergabung menjadi satu pengertian atau satu maksud. Noun phrase= kelompok kata benda, Kata benda majemuk. the black box, the great woman in the year. Verb phrase = kelompok kata kerja is studying, have been studied, will have been reading, …

40 CLAUSE CLAUSE = ANAK KALIMAT yaitu kalimat yang ada didalam kalimat. Kalimat terdiri minimal subject dan predicate. Anak kalimat bisa menduduki subject, object, keterangan alasan, keterangan tempat, keterangan waktu. A man wears glasses is good reader. I see a man who is in black dress. They came late because their group was bad. Father met me in a place that you bought last year. Ali was playing chess when Tono came.

41 NUMBER CERTAIN NUMBER = ANGKA/ JUMLAH PASTI CARDINAL one, two, three, four, five, six, … satu, dua, tiga, empat, lima, enam, … ORDINAL first, second, third, forth, fifth, sixth, … th, 1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, 6 th, 21 st, 22 nd, … pertama, kedua, ketiga, keempat, keduapuluh satu, … MULTIPLICATIVE once, twice, trice /three times, four times, …times. sekali, duakali, tigakali, empatkali, … kali.

42 UNCERTAIN NUMBER = JUMLAH YANG TIDAK PASTI SOME ANY MUCH MANY A FEW A LITTLE A LOT A GREAT NUMBER PLENTY OF

43 PUNCTUATION DOT / FULL STOP(.) COMMA (,) COLON (:) SEMI COLON (;) APPOSTROPHE (‘) INFERTED COMMA (“) EXCLAMATION POINT (!) QUESTION (?) SLESH (/) …

44 HOW TO STUDY STRUCTURE +S+P+O/K. -S+ AUXILL + NOT + SISA P + O/K. ?AUXIL + S + SISA P + O/K? YES,S+ AUXILL. NO,S+ AUXILL+NOT. WH Q + AUXILL + S + SISA P + O / K? S+P+O/K.

45 SENTENCE ANALIZE + Ali would have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year. - Ali would not have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year. ? Would Ali have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year? Yes, Ali would. / No, Ali would not. ? Why would Ali have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year? Ali would have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year because he wanted to become an athlete.

46 S (SUBJECT) NOUN= KATA BENDA PRONOUN SUBJECT= KATA GANTI TUK SUBJEC TO INFINITIVE= KATA KERJA DIAWALI TO GERUND= KATA KERJA DIAKHIRIING PHRASE= KELOMPOK KATA CLAUSE= ANAK KALIMAT INTRODUCTION= KATA PEMBUKA ( IT, THEY, THAT, THOSE, THIS, THESE, HERE, THERE)

47 PREDICATE PREDICATE / PROCESS / ACTIVITY 1.AUXILL / KATA KERJA BANTU / RELATIONAL PROCESS. (21 KATA). 2.FULL VERB / KATA KERJA ASLI / KATA KERJA PENUH ( VERB I / VERB I +S/ES, VERB II ) 3.SPECIAL VERB / KATA KERJA KHUSUS ( WANT TO, LIKE TO, NEED TO, HAVE TO, …) 4.COMBINATION / GABUNGAN / VERB PHRASE (AUXILL + FULL VERB, AUXILL + AUXILL + FULL VERB, AUXILL + AUXILL + AUXILL + FULL VERB)

48 OBJECT NOUN= KATA BENDA PRONOUN OBJECT= KATA GANTI TUK OBJECT TO INFINITIVE= KATA KERJA DIAWALI TO GERUND= KATA KERJA DIAKHIRIING PHRASE= KELOMPOK KATA CLAUSE= ANAK KALIMAT

49 ADVERB = KATA KETERANGAN ADVERB OF MANNER ADVERB OF PLACE ADVERB OF TIME STANDARD ARRANGEMENT: ADVERB OF MANNER+ PLACE+ TIME. STRESSING ARRANGEMENT: TIME IN FRONT, CENTRE, OR BACK.

50 TEXT SHORT FUNCTIONAL TEXT 1. CAUTION, NOTICE, WARNING 2. GREETING CARD (CONGRAT, HAPPY, MARRY, CONDOLENCE, SYMPATHY) 3. SHORT MESSAGE 4. LETTER 5. INVITATION 6. ANNOUNCEMENT 7. ADVERTISMENT 8. LABLE 9. LEAFLET 10. BROCHURE 11. TABLE 12. GRAPHIC 13. SHOPPING LIST LONG FUNCTIONAL TEXT / GENRE

51 TEXT LONG FUNCTIONAL TEXT 1. DESCRIPTIVE 2. REPORT 3. RECOUNT 4. NARRATIVE 5. PROCEDURE 6. ANALITICAL 7. EXPLANATION

52 HOW TO STUDY TEXT WELL? PARTICIPANT PROCESS INTENSIFIERS MEANING, CONTENT, FUNCTION GENERIC STRUCTURE

53 DESCRIPTIVE TEXT IDENTIFICATION (LIMITATION) DESCRIPTION ( USING ADJECTIVE). REPORT TEXT GENERAL CLASSIFICATION(PENGELOMPOKAN) DESCRIPTION (USING ADJECTIVE)

54 GENERIC STRUCTURE RECOUNT ORIENTATION EVENTS RE-ORIENTATION NARRATIVE ORIENTATION EVALUATION COMPLICATION RESOLUTION RE-ORIENTATION

55 GENERIC STRUCTURE PROCEDURE GOAL MATERIALS TOOLS STEP ANALITICAL THESIS ARGUMENT RECOMENDATION EXPLANATION GENERAL NOUNS TECHNICAL TERMS WORDS THAT SHOW CAUSE AND EFFECT (NATURAL) PRESENT TENSE

56 Asking part of sentence + Ali would have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year. ………. Who would have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year? What would Ali have been doing football seriously in the stadium last year? What would Ali have been playing seriously in the stadium last year? How would Ali have been playing football in the stadium last year? Where would Ali have been playing football seriously last year? When would Ali have been playing football seriously in the stadium? Why would Ali have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year? Ali would have been playing football seriously in the stadium last year because he wanted to become the champion.

57 A tsunami can have a width of 100 to 200km and may spread far across the deep ocean. ….. What What can have a width of 100 to 200km and may spread far across the deep ocean? How How far What ….do How Which ocean Which ocean can A tsunami have a width of 100 to 200km and may spread far across ? Why

58 TENSES SIMPLECONTINUOUSPERFECTPERFEC CONTINUOUS PRESENT SEKARAN G S + V O / K. Catatan: apabila S terdiri dari orang ke tiga tunggal ( He, She, It) maka V-1 harus ditambah s / es Study +es – studies Every … S + am + V-ing + O/K. is are I -> am He, She, It -> is You, We, They -> are now S + have + V-3 + O /K. has I, You, We, They -> have He, She, It -> has Since … For …. S + have + been + V-ing + O/K. has I, You, We, They -> have He, She, It -> has Since … For …. PAST LAMPAU S + V- 2 + O / K. Regular Verb V1 + ed/d Irregular Verb harus dihafalkan S + was + V-ing + O/K. were I, He, She, It -> was You, We, They -> were S + had + V-3 + O/K. I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They -  had S + had + been + V-ing + O/K. I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They -  had FUTURE AKAN DATANG S + shall + V-I + O/K. will I, We -> shall I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They  will S + shall + be + V-ing + O/K. will I, We -> shall I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They  will S + shall + have + V-3 + O/K. will I, We -> shall I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They  will S + shall + have + been + V-ing + O/K will I, We -> shall I, You, He, She, It, We, You, They  will PAST FUTURE AKAN SUDAH S + should + V-1 + O/K. would Should / would bebas memilih. S + should + be + V-ing + O/K. would Should / would bebas memilih. S + should + have + V-3 + O/K. would Should / would bebas memilih. S + should + have + been + V-ing + O/K. would Should / would bebas memilih.

59 PASSIVE VOICE Nominal sentence Auxiliary verb Relational Process Verbal sentence Full verb Material Process Combination Nominal - verbal 1.I am been a student AV1+FV3 1.She is been choky AV1+FV3 1.He was been at home AV2+FV3 1.They were been football player last year AV2+FV3 1.English is studied by me at SMP N 3 KEBUMEN AV1+FV3 1.Rice is cooked by her well AV1+FV3 1.Home was stayed by him yesterday AV2+FV3 1.Football was played by them last year 1.I am studying English at SMP N 3 KEBUMEN. English is being studied by me at SMP N 3 KEBUMEN. 2.She is cooking bread well. Bread is cooked by her well. 2.He was studying at home yesterday. Home was being stayed by him yesterday. 2.They have been playing football since last year. Football has been being played by them since last year. 2.We should have been mastering English two years ago. English should have been being mastered by is two years ago.


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