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Sentence Pengertian: Adalah satuan bahasa yang merupakan kesatuan pikiran lengkap yang paling tidak terdiri dari satu subyek dan satu predikat. 1.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Sentence Pengertian: Adalah satuan bahasa yang merupakan kesatuan pikiran lengkap yang paling tidak terdiri dari satu subyek dan satu predikat. 1."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Sentence Pengertian: Adalah satuan bahasa yang merupakan kesatuan pikiran lengkap yang paling tidak terdiri dari satu subyek dan satu predikat. 1

2 Contoh 1. The students are studying now. The students studied yesterday. The students study every Monday. 2. The campus is big. 3. They work in ISI Surakarta. 4. She is beautiful. 5. She was beautiful two years ago. She works in ISI Surakarta. He studies English every Monday. 2

3 To be: Is, am, are Personal pronouns: I We You They He She It 3

4 Unsur-unsur kalimat 1. Subject 2.Predicate 3.Object 4. Complement (Pelengkap) 5. Adjunct (Keterangan tambahan) 4

5 1. Subject Adalah: unsur kalimat yang menjadi pokok pembicaraan. Subject bisa berupa: – orang – benda – binatang 5

6 Jenis Subject 1. Noun 2. Pronoun 3. Adjective used as noun 4. An infinitive used as a noun. 5. Participle used as a noun. 6. Noun phrase 7. Noun clause 8. Kata It dan There 6

7 1. Noun (kata benda) 1. The woman sings a song. 2. The cat is funny. 3. They draw pictures. 4. The book is on the table. 7

8 2. A Pronoun Adalah: kata ganti orang 1. She is telling a story. 2. We talk about a sentence. 3. He walks along the street. 4. He and she buy the food. 8

9 3. Adjective used as a noun Adalah: kata sifat yang digunakan sebagai noun Contoh: – 1. The rich have helped the poor. – A rich man has helped the poor. – 2. The employed are losing hope. – 3. The poor have tried to find aid. – She is rich. – He is poor. 9

10 4. An infinitive used as a noun Adalah: infinitive yang digunakan sebagai kata benda. Example: – 1. To speak English is easy. – 2. To sing is difficult. – 3. To do is difficult. – 4. To write a novel is interesting. – 5. To write is interesting. 10

11 5. Participle used as a noun Adalah: participle sebagai kata benda. Contoh: – 1. Smoking is a bad habit. – 2. Reading is my hobby. – 3. Swimming is my sister’s hobby. 11

12 6. Noun Phrase Adalah: frase kata benda Contoh: – 1. The big tiger eats the other animal. – The foot tiger – 2. The new book is on the table. – 3. The new red car is very expensive. – 4. The new red little car.... Mobil kecil merah yang baru – 5. The new and expensive red little car.... Mobil kecil merah yang baru dan mahal 12

13 1. All of these people have an important role in the theater. 13

14 7. Noun Clause Adalah: klausa yang berfungsi sebagai kata benda. Contoh: – 1. What he said makes his father angry. – Apa yang dia katakan.... – 2. Where I went is none of your business. – 3. What he said wasn’t true. 14

15 Exactly when theater began is a mystery 15

16 8. Kata It dan There Kata It dan There dianggap sebagai subject apabila kalimat tersebut tidak ada subjectnya. Contoh: – 1. It is a nice day. – 2. There was a big snake in the garden. – 3. It is my house. – 4. that is my house – Those are my books. – It, that, this, these, those 16

17 Predicate Adalah : yang menerangkan perihal subject. Predicate bisa berupa: 1. kata kerja (verb) 2. kata sifat (adjective) 3. kata keterangan (adverb) 4. kata benda (noun) Article: a, an, the – A woman – An apple – A university – The women Preposition: in, on, under, behind, beside, in front of, between, among, near, etc. Woman—women Man—men 17

18 Dia belajar di sebuah universitas. He studies in a university. Dia belajar di universitas itu. He studies in the university. 18

19 example 1. kata kerja: – I am studying English now. – I study English every Tuesday. 2. kata sifat – She is beautiful. 3. kata benda – My father is a teacher. – They are students. 4. kata keterangan – We are in Solo. 19

20 Ket waktu untuk present tense: – Every….. : every Monday – On ….. : on Mondays – Ket waktu untuk present continuous – Now, at this time, at this moment, etc. 1. Fitri sudah makan pagi selama 3 jam. – Fitri has had breakfast for 3 hours. 2. Galang lulus SD sejak tahun Galang has graduated from Elementary school since Rumus present perfect tense: S+has/have+V3 Rumus past perfect tense: S+had+V3 20

21 1. dia seorang sopir 2 tahun yang lalu. – He was a driver 2 years ago. 2. Dia menjadi seorang sopir selama 2 tahun pada waktu saya kecil. – He had been a driver for 2 years when I was a child. – Future: S+will/to be going to/+Pred (V1) 21

22 1.Theatre is a collaborative form of fine art.fine art 2.The word theater means a “place for seeing… 22

23 3. Object Adalah noun atau pronoun yang menjadi sasaran predicate. Object diperlukan oleh kalimat yang mempunyai kata kerja transitive (transitive verb). Kata kerja transitive adalah kata kerja yang memerlukan object. 23

24 Jenis Object Ada 2 macam object: 1. Direct Object (object langsung) – Contoh: She reads a love story. 2. Indirect Object (object tak langsung) – Contoh: He borrows me a book. A book = direct object Me = indirect object 24

25 Catatan Indirect object bisa diletakkan di depan atau di belakang direct object. Jika indirect object menggunakan preposition maka diletakkan di belakang direct object. Susunan Object: – 1. Direct Object + Prepositional Object He borrows a book to me. – 2. Indirect Object + Direct Object He borrows me a book. 25

26 Example Direct Object + Prepositional Object – 1. The woman tells a good story to her children. – 2. The girl calls honey to her boy friend. Indirect Object + Direct Object – 1. The woman tells her children a good story. – 2. The girl calls her boy friend honey. 26

27 1.The performers may communicate this experience to the audience … 2.Theatre today includes performances of plays and musicals…musicals 27

28 4. Complement (pelengkap) Adalah: unsur kalimat yang berfungsi melengkapi informasi tentang object. Complement hampir sama dengan object karena keduanya memiliki kemiripan yaitu sama-sama berbentuk nomina tetapi bisa juga berbentuk adjective, adverb, atau preposition with object. 28

29 Pembahasan Complement Complement diperlukan oleh: 1. kata kerja transitive: – Appoint, choose, consider, elect, find, make, name, render,etc. 2. kata kerja intransitive – Appear, come, look, fall, grow, remain,run, seem, stand, stay, etc. 3. kata kerja bantu (helping verb) – To be: is, am, are, was, were, will be, etc. 29

30 Example Kata kerja transitive: untuk melengkapi keterangan perihal objectnya: – 1. He makes me happy.(compl) – 2.The man makes a good design.(obj) – 3. Her mother names her Susi. (compl) Kata kerja intrasitive: untuk melengkapi keterangan perihal subjectnya: – 1.She looks very happy – 2.My mother came here yesterday. Kata kerja bantu: untuk melengkapi subjectnya – 1. She is beautiful. – 2. We are in this room. 30

31 contoh 1. They elect him a President. 2. We choose her Putri Indonesia The athlete runs fast. 31

32 5. Adjunct (keterangan tambahan) Adalah: kata-kata yang memberi keterangan atau penjelasan tambahan tentang subject atau object. Adjunct bisa berupa: 1. keterangan waktu (adverb of time) 2. keterangan tempat (adverb of place) 3. keterangan pembatasan Etc. 32

33 Thank you 33

34 Contoh 1. They often come late. 2. We are leaving for Surabaya soon. 3. We calls her Miss Indonesia. 1. He makes the book clean. 2. They choose him a president in America. 34


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