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Presentasi berjudul: "Www.kemitraan.or.id PARTNERSHIP GOVERNANCE INDEX www.kemitraan.or.id/govindex."— Transcript presentasi:

1 PARTNERSHIP GOVERNANCE INDEX

2 PARTNERSHIP GOVERNANCE INDEX An Overview Presented at the World Bank Jakarta, 15 February 2010

3 A Brief Background: Why Partnership Governance Index?  Governance quality is important for poverty reduction and other MDGs  Nation wide reform initiative  Regional autonomy led to a varying quality of governance  Indonesia needs objective assessment of governance

4 The Goals To Provide a comprehensive and methodologically robust assessment of governance performance in all provinces. Specifically, it will provide: 1.Profile of each province’s governance performance 2.Overall ranking of all provinces 3.Ranking of provinces based on arenas of governance 4.A wealth of data on specific indicators of governance

5 Uniqueness and strength of PGI  Assessment of all provinces  Allow comparison between provinces on equal terms  Robust methodology  Consist of many actionable indicators  Covers all arenas of governance

6 Developing the index  Mapping existing studies, evaluations, assessments on governance in Indonesia and abroad  Extensive consultation with “experts,” stakeholders, and beneficieries on substantive and methodological issues  Long deliberation by team (scholars and experts)

7 The Conceptual Framework (1) Governance  process of policy making  policy implementation through interaction between state, civil society, and economy  based on certain principles

8 The Conceptual Framework (2)  Arena of Governance Government (Political Office), Bureaucracy, Civil Society, and Economic Society  Principles of Governance Participation, Transparency, Fairness, Accountability, Efficiency, and Effectiveness

9 The Conceptual Framework (3) Good Governance Matrix Participa tion Transparen cy FairnessAccount- ability EfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society

10 Selecting themes/functions and Indicators to be measured “not all important things can be measured and not all that can be measured are important” -- Einstein Themes and indicators are carefully selected, based on:  Significance  Relevance  Discriminating power  Availability of data  Commonality across provinces

11 ArenaThemes/Function Number of Indicators GovernmentRegulatory Framework9 Budget Allocation14 Coordination of Development10 BureaucracyRevenue Collection6 Public Services8 Regulating Economy6 Economic SocietyTender dan Implementation of Government Projects 9 Civil Society Advocacy13 Total number of indicators75 Governance Themes and Number of Indicators

12 PGI Structure

13 Weighting arenas, principles, indicators  Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to determine weight of arena, principle, and indicator  pair-ways comparison between indicators, principles, arenas  The resulting weight of arenas:  Government (34.4%)  Bureaucracy (27.4%)  Civil Society (24.9%)  Economic Society (14.2%)

14 Weight of arenas

15 Weight of principles

16 METHOD (1) Data Type  Objective Data: Statistics and records of activities  Data gathered through structured interviews with “well informed persons”  persons with expertise in one or more arena of governance; they are selected purposively

17 METHOD (2) Source of Objective Data Most recent revenue and expenditure budget and related documents (RPJMD, RKPD, Prolegda, KUA, Nota Keuangan, PPAS, LKPJ) Records of coordination meeting Records of visits by Parliamentary commissions to districts/cities Financial Audit (BPK Audit) HDI Tax and retribution potentials and realization Provincial statistics (population, number of poor people, unemployment rate/number, PDRB, gini ratio, purchasing parity index, health statistics, educational statistics, and others).

18 Location of data No.SourceLocationObjectiveWIP 1. BureaucracyBPS√ Dinas kesehatan√√ Dinas pendidikan√√ Dinas sosial√√ Dinas PU√√ Dispenda√√ Disnaker√√ Kesbanglinmas√ Bappeda√√ BKPMD√√ Sekretariat Provinsi√√ BPK√ BPKP√ Kantor Pajak√√ 2. ParliamentSekretariat DPRD√√ Komisi-komisi√ 3 Civil societyPengurus atau pelaksana CSO√√ 4. Economic societyKadinda√ Gepensi√ HIPMI√ 5. Academe +Dosen, peneliti√ 6. MediaWartawan√

19 Data to index

20 Reading the Index 1.Index ranges from 1 to is the lowest and 10 the highest

21

22 Democratic Governance Profile: Some Examples Papua Barat: Overall Governance Index: 4.4 Index ArenaParticipationFairnessAccountabilityTranparencyEfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society Gorontalo Province Overall Governance Index: 5.5 Indeks ArenaParticipationFairnessAccountabilityTranparencyEfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society Sumatra Barat Province Overall Governance Index: 6.0 Indeks ArenaParticipationFairnessAccountabilityTranparencyEfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society

23 Democratic Governance Profile: Sumatra Barat Province Sumatra Barat Province Overall Governance Index: 6.0 Indeks ArenaParticipationFairnessAccountabilityTranparencyEfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society

24 Democratic Governance Profile: Gorontalo Province Gorontalo Province Overall Governance Index: 5.5 Indeks ArenaParticipationFairnessAccountabilityTranparencyEfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society

25 Democratic Governance Profile: West Papua Province Papua Barat: Overall Governance Index: 4.4 Index ArenaParticipationFairnessAccountabilityTranparencyEfficiencyEffectiveness Government Bureaucracy Civil Society Economic Society

26 Government Fairness Index: Sumbar, Gorontalo, and West Papua SumbarGorontaloPapbar FAIRNESS Anggaran AP8D utk kesehatan (non belanja pegawai perkapita dibagi indeks kemahalan Anggaran di APBD untuk penanganan kemiskinan perkapita terhadap indeks kemahalan Anggaran APBD bidang pendidikan perkapita terhadap indeks kemahalan Tingkat dskriminasi koordinasi gubernur terhadap kab/kota

27 Government Accountability Index: Sumbar, Gorontalo, and West Papua SumbarGorontaloPapbar ACCOUNTABILITY Kesesuaian Prioritas Pemb di APBD thd RPJMD Realisasi Pengesahan Perda dibandingkan Jml Program Legislasi Daerah Rasio APBD Perubahan thd APBD tanpa Adanya Perubahan Asumsi Dasar, dll Ketepatan Waktu Pengesahan Perda APBD Tingkat penggunakan fungsi-fungsi kontrol DPRD terhadap Gubernur Laporan hasil kunjungan kerja gubernur Laporan hasil kunjungan kerja anggota DPRD

28 Government Transparency Index: Sumbar, Gorontalo, and West Papua SumbarGorontaloPapbar TRANSPARENCY Ada lidaknya publikasi PERDA dan PerGub yang bisa diakses secara lengkap melalui web 5.5 Publikasi KUA (Kebijakan Umum anggaran Nota Keuangan, dan PPAS (Prioritas dan Plafon Anggaran Sementara) Web Publikasi APBD provinsi di web Publikasi Pergub APBD provinsi d web Publikasi pertanggungjawaban APBD di website Akses publik terhadap informasi hasil-hasil rapat koordinasi antara gubernur dg Kab/Kota Akses publik terhadap informasi hasil-hasil rapat koordinasi antara Gubernur dan DPRD

29 New Province vs. “Original” Province

30 Performance Comparison: Government and Bureaucracy

31 Index By Arena

32 Gender Balance Index

33 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of PGI and HDI

34 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of PGI - Government Index and Human Development Index

35 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of PGI – Bureaucracy Index and Human Development Index

36 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of PGI – Bureaucracy and Poverty

37 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of Government – Accountability and Human Development Index

38 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of Government - Accountability and Poverty

39 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of Government - Transparency and Poverty

40 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of Government – Transparency and APM

41 PGI and Other Measures Correlation of PGI – Government Fairness and HDI


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