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April 24, 2008SA/DSE1 An Overview of Computer System & Computer Network (KU1072 – week1) KU1072 Introduction to IT B, ITB Saiful Akbar Data & Software.

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Presentasi berjudul: "April 24, 2008SA/DSE1 An Overview of Computer System & Computer Network (KU1072 – week1) KU1072 Introduction to IT B, ITB Saiful Akbar Data & Software."— Transcript presentasi:

1 April 24, 2008SA/DSE1 An Overview of Computer System & Computer Network (KU1072 – week1) KU1072 Introduction to IT B, ITB Saiful Akbar Data & Software Eng. Research Division School of Electrical Eng. & Informatics

2 April 24, 2008SA/DSE2 Topics  Computer System (ch. 2-4)  Computer Network & Internet (ch. 8- 9)

3 April 24, 2008SA/DSE3 Referensi  Bahan presentasi ini diambil/dimodifikasi dari : G. Beekman & M. J. Quinn, Tomorrow’s Technology and You (Ch 2-4, 8-9) William F. Slater III, Internet History and Growth, Chicago Chapter of the Internet Society, September 2002 Social & Ethical Issues

4 April 24, 2008SA/DSE4 Computer System

5 April 24, 2008SA/DSE5 Computer System - Objectives  Bagaimana komputer menyimpan dan memanipulasi informasi  Struktur dasar dan organisasi komputer  Fungsi dan interaksi komponen internal sistem komputer  Beberapa contoh alat masukan dan bagaimana alat-alat tersebut memudahkan untuk memberikan data/informasi dengan jenis berbeda kepada komputer  Beberapa contoh alat keluaran dan penjelasan bagaimana alat-alat ini membuat komputer menjadi lebih bermanfaat  Tiga kategori perangkat lunak dan saling keterkaitannya  Peranan sistem operasi pada sistem komputer modern Computer System

6 April 24, 2008SA/DSE6 Basic Functions & Components Input-Process/Store-Output Input devices –Keyboards and pointing devices (mouse) Output devices –Display or video monitor –Printer –Speakers Central Processing Unit (CPU) Memory & Storage devices Computer System

7 April 24, 2008SA/DSE7  Merupakan suatu kumpulan sirkuit elektronik yang rumit dan ‘luar biasa’  Menginterpretasi dan mengeksekusi perintah- perintah yang ada dalam program  Dirakit/ditempatkan dengan ‘chips’ dan komponen elektronik lain pada motherboard Computer System The CPU: The Real Computer

8 April 24, 2008SA/DSE8 RAM (random access memory)  memori yang dapat diakses secara acak  Digunakan untuk penyimpanan sementara (temporer) program dan data  Mempunyai alamat yang ‘unik’ dan data dapat disimpan di lokasi yang manapun  Dapat ‘mengambil kembali’ informasi yang disimpan secara cepat  Bila komputer di-’off’-kan semua data dan program yang disimpan pada memori komputer akan hilang  ROM (read only memory)  Flash memory  Used for phones, pagers, portable computers, handheld computers, and PDAs Computer System The Computer’s memory

9 April 24, 2008SA/DSE9 Lalulintas informasi antar komponen pada ‘motherboard’ yang dilakukan menggunakan sekumpulan kabel disebut system buses, atau buses. Computer System Buses, Ports, and Peripherals

10 April 24, 2008SA/DSE10 Buses  Typically have 32 or 64 wires  Connect to storage devices in bays  Connect to expansion slots  Connect to external buses and ports Slots and ports  Make it easy to add external devices, called peripherals. Computer System Buses, Ports, and Peripherals

11 April 24, 2008SA/DSE11 Input: From Person to Processor  Keyboard Computer System

12 April 24, 2008SA/DSE12 Input: From Person to Processor  Pointing Devices Computer System Graphics tablet Touch Screen

13 April 24, 2008SA/DSE13  Reading Tools Input: From Person to Processor Computer System Pen Scanner OMR PDA Handwriting Recognition SW Barcode Reader

14 April 24, 2008SA/DSE14 Input: From Person to Processor Others Computer System

15 April 24, 2008SA/DSE15 Output: From Pulses to People Computer System

16 April 24, 2008SA/DSE16 Storage Devices: Input Meets Output Computer System

17 April 24, 2008SA/DSE17 Software Topology System Software –Operating System –Utility –Device Driver Compiler & Software Development Tools Application Software Computer System-Software

18 April 24, 2008SA/DSE18 Operating System Supports multitasking Manages virtual memory Maintains file system Responsible for authentication and authorization DOS, Windows, Mac OS, Unix, Linux Computer System-Software

19 April 24, 2008SA/DSE19 Utility Programs  Serve as tools for doing system maintenance and repairs that aren’t automatically handled by the operating system  Make it easier for users to: Copy files between storage devices Repair damaged data files Translate files so that different programs can read them Guard against viruses and other potentially harmful programs (as described in the chapter on computer security and risks) Compress files so they take up less disk space Perform other important, if unexciting, tasks Computer System-Software

20 April 24, 2008SA/DSE20 Utility Programs  Symantec Norton Utilities: recovering damaged files, repairing damaged disks, and improving disk performance. Computer System-Software

21 April 24, 2008SA/DSE21 Language & Compiler  The Language of Computers Machine Language: numeric codes that represent data (& instructions) Low-level language  Assembly High-level language: falls between machine language and natural human language  Pascal, C, C++, Java, C#, Fortran, Basic, Ada, Prolog, LISP, Phyton, Perl  Compilers translate high-level language into machine language. Computer System-Software

22 April 24, 2008SA/DSE22 Software Development Tools Environment for building a program: editor, compiler, library MS Visual Studio, JDeveloper, Eclipse, Gambas, etc Computer System-Software

23 April 24, 2008SA/DSE23 End User Applications  Word processing and desktop publishing  Spreadsheets and other number-crunching applications  Databases  Computer graphics and digital image processing  Digital audio, digital video, and multimedia  Entertainment  Customized problem-solving (MIS, ERP, CRM)  Artificial intelligence

24 April 24, 2008SA/DSE24 Computer Network & Internet

25 April 24, 2008SA/DSE25 Objectives  Describe the nature and function of local area networks and wide area networks.  Describe the component’s of computer network & communication model  Discuss the uses and implications of , instant messaging, blogging, teleconferencing, and other forms of online communication.  Explain how and why the Internet was created.  Describe the technology that is at the heart of the Internet.  Describe the internet applications and web applications Computer Network & Internet

26 April 24, 2008SA/DSE26 Basic Network Anatomy A computer network is any system of two or more computers that are linked together. Anatomy: –LAN: wired-LAN, wireless –MAN –WAN Computer Network & Internet

27 April 24, 2008SA/DSE27 Components of Computer Network Computer Network & Internet  Cable: UTP, coaxial  Fiber optic  NIC, Modem  Router  Server: File Server, Web Server, Server  Client  Protocol: TCP/IP, FTP, HTTP  NOS

28 April 24, 2008SA/DSE28 Communication model  Client/server model One or more computers act as dedicated servers and all the remaining computers act as clients.  Peer-to-peer model Every computer on the network is both client and server.  Many networks are hybrids, using features of the client/server and peer-to-peer models. Computer Network & Internet

29 April 24, 2008SA/DSE29 Internet  History ARPAnet DoD 1969 (ARPAnet), 1980 (P2P), 1990 (HTTP)  The Internet: an interconnected network of thousands of networks using TCP/IP protocol Computer Network & Internet

30 April 24, 2008SA/DSE30 Internet Growth Computer Network & Internet The Internet was not known as "The Internet" until January 1984, at which time there were 1000 hosts that were all converted over to using TCP/IP.

31 April 24, 2008SA/DSE31 Internet Protocol, Address  TCP/IP Layering Protocols  IP Address  Routing  Domain Name & DNS  Top-level domains include:.edu - educational sites.com - commercial sites.gov - government sites.mil - military sites.net - network administration sites.org - nonprofit organization sites Computer Network & Internet

32 April 24, 2008SA/DSE32 Address An address includes:  username is the person’s “mailbox”  hostname is the name of the host computer and is followed by one or more domains separated by periods:  host.domain  host.subdomain.domain  host.subdomain.subdoma in.domain Computer Network & Internet

33 April 24, 2008SA/DSE33 Network Applications   Mailing List  Newsgroups  Instant Messaging  Voice Mail  Internet Telephony  Massive Multiplayer Online Game  Search Engine, Web-Robot Indexer/Web Crawler/Spider  Specialized Search Engines: Google Maps, Froogle, and others Computer Network & Internet

34 April 24, 2008SA/DSE34 World Wide Web, Web  Protocol HTTP, Web Server, Web Client/Browser  Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)  Beyond HTML: Scripting Language, XML, XHTML, VRML, Applet  Web Address: US.html Protocol for Web pages weatherunderground.com/ Domain Name Resource File satellite/vis/1k/ Path Computer Network & Internet

35 April 24, 2008SA/DSE35 Web Applications  simple data-processing tasks  Most Web applications take advantage of the Web’s connectivity.  Search Engine  online business transactions (e-bay, amazon, paypal,…)  News-oriented Web applications  Other Web applications support a more traditional form of information broadcasting. Computer Network & Internet

36 April 24, 2008SA/DSE36


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