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Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet untuk Dunia Pendidikan Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group Institut Teknologi Bandung FAX 022 214417.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet untuk Dunia Pendidikan Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group Institut Teknologi Bandung FAX 022 214417."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet untuk Dunia Pendidikan Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group Institut Teknologi Bandung FAX

2 Computer Network Research Group ITB Visi l Global Brain... l Universitas Terbuka l Akses bagi semua mahasiswa (sering kali yang terjadi - pihak pimpinan / administrator universitas; menyimpan fasilitas komputer dari mahasiswa karena takut rusak).

3 Computer Network Research Group ITB Distribusi Registrasi Domain Internet

4 Computer Network Research Group ITB Over 60% of US traffic is already commercial If you don’t do it, your competitor will.

5 Computer Network Research Group ITB Distribusi Jaringan Indonesia Juni 1995

6 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet

7 Computer Network Research Group ITB Teknologi Jaringan Internet l TCP/IP Protocol –Kunci pada IP ADDRESS l Teknologi perangkat keras & perangkat lunak yang banyak dipasaran. l sebagian software public domain. l Tidak tergantung jenis saluran komunikasi.

8 Computer Network Research Group ITB Teknologi Komunikasi Jarak Jauh l Telepon & Leased Line (PT. Telkom). l DOV (PT. Lintas Arta) l SKDP (PT. Lintas Arta). l VSAT (PT. Elektrindo Nusantara, PT. CSM, PT. Lintas Arta & PT. CMI). l Beberapa Alternatif yang murah: –Packet Radio Network –SISDIKSAT via Palapa.

9 Computer Network Research Group ITB Persyaratan PC l Sebaiknya dapat menggunakan Window l Minimal 386 sebaiknya 486. l Memory minimal 8Mbyte l Ada pengecualian untuk PC Packet Radio - dapat digunakan XT!

10 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi Hardware l Melalui Packet Radio l Melalui Wireless LAN l Melalui Satelit l Melalui Telepon l Melalui Local Area Network

11 Computer Network Research Group ITB Parameter Penentu l Harga l Kecepatan Pengiriman Data l Jarak Jangkau

12 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi Packet Radio XT! Total investasi diluar PC: Modem RadioRp s/d Rp ,- RadioRp s/d Rp ,- Kec. Max.9600bps (bisa naik ke 256Kbps) Jarak Max.100km

13 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi Wireless LAN Wireless LAN Card Inside 2Mbps Total investasi diluar komputer (PC) Wireless LAN US$2000 (satu pasang / 2 buah) Kecepatan Max.2Mbps (bisa naik ke 10Mbps) Jarak Max.15 km

14 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi Satellite Network Investasi diluar komputer (PC): Sewa peralatan & saluran satelit VSAT SCPCUS$5500 / bulan / 64Kbps VSAT TDMAUS$1500 / bulan / 64Kbps sebaiknya UNIX

15 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi Telepon Network Konfigurasi yang umumnya digunakan pengguna Internet Service Provider (ISP) di Indonesia Investasi diluar komputer (PC): Modem TeleponRp s/d Rp ,- Kec. Max.28.8Kbps

16 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi Local Area Network Investasi diluar komputer (PC): Ethernet cardRp s/d Rp Kabel dan Hub Ethernet Kec. Max Mbps. Jarak Max. 500 meter

17 Computer Network Research Group ITB Frequently Asked Questions? l Bagaimana cara menyambungkan sebuah Corporate Wide Area Network? l Peralatan apa saja yang dibutuhkan? l Bagaimana konfigurasi peralatan tersebut?

18 Computer Network Research Group ITB Corporate / Campus Internet Seluruh Kampus / Corporate Terhubung ke Internet melalui sebuah kabel telepon & modem

19 Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet in Windows

20 Computer Network Research Group ITB Dial ke ISP

21 Computer Network Research Group ITB Electronic Mail

22 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Received: from MAILQUEUE by SYSTEM (Mercury 1.12); Mon, 27 Feb 95 10:31: Return-path: From: Received: from mail-in.un.org( ) by internet.un.org via smap (V1.3) id sma018449; Sun Feb 26 21:16: Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 09:19:09 EST Message-Id: To: Subject: Let's meet in Bangkok Dear Onno, Thanks a lot for your response to my inquiry on Indonesian IT development in the public sector. Thanks also for the status report, which I read with great interest. Looking forward to meeting you. Ilpo.

23 Computer Network Research Group ITB address yc1davNama (bahasa Inggris) cnrg.itb.ac.idNama Mesin

24 Computer Network Research Group ITB address kode negara, contoh:.id = Indonesia.uk = Inggris.us = Amerika Serikat.jp = Jepang.au = Australia.sg = Singapura

25 Computer Network Research Group ITB address ac.id Kode Jenis Institusi, contoh:.ac. = Academic.co. = Komersial.go. = Pemerintah.or. = Organisasi lainnya, seperti LSM.net. = Internet Service Provider

26 Computer Network Research Group ITB address itb.ac.id Nama Institusi, contoh:.itb.Institut Teknologi Bandung.ui.Universitas Indonesia.bppt. BPPT.ptme PT. Metrodata Elektronik.republika.Koran Republika

27 Computer Network Research Group ITB address cnrg.itb.ac.id Nama Mesin atau Sub-Institusi CNRGComputer Network Research Group

28 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konsekuensi Budaya l Effisiensi Komunikasi. l Komunikasi Tertulis (bukan lisan). l Debirokratisasi. l Keterbukaan. l Tidak ada batas institusi. l Perkuat kebijaksanaan (kekuatan arus bawah). l Penguasaan Pasar.

29 Computer Network Research Group ITB News Browser

30 Computer Network Research Group ITB Nama News Group comp.society.future Berbeda dengan , “root” berada di sebelah kanan - dalam contoh diatas yang menjadi “root” adalah kelompok “comp”

31 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh “Root” Newsgroup l compberbagai diskusi ttg. Computer l sciberbagai diskusi ttg. Science l recberbagai diskusi ttg. Recreation l bizberbagai diskusi ttg. Bisnis l socberbagai diskusi ttg. Social aspect l idberbagai diskusi di Indonesia.

32 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Tampilan News Newsgroups: soc.college,soc.college.grad Subject: FAQ: Financial Aid [Monthly posting] From: (Mark Kantrowitz) Date: 13 Jul :04:31 GMT Organization: CS, Carnegie Mellon University Financial Aid FAQ Written by Mark Kantrowitz This FAQ may be obtained by anonymous ftp from ftp.cs.cmu.edu [ ] in the directory /afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mkant/public/finaid/finaid.faq using username "anonymous" and password (substitute your address). The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/college/[ ] Please mail comments, corrections, additions, suggestions, criticisms and other information to

33 Computer Network Research Group ITB File Transfer Protocol

34 Computer Network Research Group ITB Video Tele-conference

35 Computer Network Research Group ITB Konfigurasi TeleConference

36 Computer Network Research Group ITB WWW Browser

37 Computer Network Research Group ITB URL Universal Resource Locater

38 Computer Network Research Group ITB URL Universal Resource Locater http ://www.itb.ac.id/cnrg/collaboration.html Protokol yang digunakan untuk berbicara httpHyper Text Transport Protocol (Web) ftpFile Transfer Protocol newsNetwork News Transport Protocol

39 Computer Network Research Group ITB URL Universal Resource Locater nama mesin ingat penjelasan address?

40 Computer Network Research Group ITB URL Universal Resource Locater file dimana informasi diletakan untuk masuk ke “root” atau “index” perpanjangan ini tidak perlu dilakukan

41 Computer Network Research Group ITB Navigasi Informasi l Melakukan Searching Informasi. l Mengetahui Keyword Informasi yang dibutuhkan.

42 Computer Network Research Group ITB Search Engine Internet l l l l l l l

43 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh Search Lycos

44 Computer Network Research Group ITB Asian Internet Interconnection Initiative (AI3) Dr.Ir. Widiadnyana Merati Dr.Ir. Priyono Soetikno Dr.Ir. Soegiardjo Soegijoko Dr. Intan Achmad Dr.Ir. Onno W. Purbo Lembaga Penelitian Institut Teknologi Bandung FAX

45 Computer Network Research Group ITB Visi AI3-ITB l Pembangunan SDM Teknologi Informasi di Indonesia. l Penguasaan, Pengembangan & Pemanfaatan low cost Teknologi Informasi Internet. l Pengembangan low cost Teknologi Informasi untuk akses bagi Rural & Pedesaan.

46 Computer Network Research Group ITB Outline l Asian Internet Interconnection Initiave (AI3) & Asia Pacific Information Infrastructure (APII). l Posisi ITB dalam AI3 & Internet Indonesia. l Pengembangan Teknologi Informasi untuk Indonesia. l Aplikasi Teknologi Informasi oleh ITB untuk Indonesia.

47 Computer Network Research Group ITB Specific AI3 Mission l The AI3-TF defines requirements for establishment of international Internet for future APII. l Prototyping for future APII. l Evaluation of link utilization and make recommendation and requirements for the future APII. l International Mutual Connectivity Backup System.

48 Computer Network Research Group ITB AI3 Acceptable Use Policy l Any traffic related to academic and research activities. l Any traffic for operation and management of the AI3 network, which includes direct support by commercial entities.

49 Computer Network Research Group ITB Topologi Fisik AI3

50 Computer Network Research Group ITB Indonesia Internet

51 Computer Network Research Group ITB Network Operation Center (NOC) - ITB

52 Computer Network Research Group ITB ITB-AI3 Applications l Research applications. –Satellite & Network Technology Research. –Membantu infrastruktur informasi penelitian di Indonesia. l Education applications. –Backup IPTEK-NET Internet Link. –Gateway Universitas di Indonesia. –Gateway untuk Pendidikan Jarak Jauh / Universitas Terbuka.

53 Computer Network Research Group ITB ITB-AI3 Experiments l Penguasaan Teknologi Satelit Ku-Band. l Penguasaan Teknologi Multicast Backbone via Satellite. l BGP-4 based Dynamic Network Routing for Satellite Backup link.

54 Computer Network Research Group ITB Layering of National Information Technology (NII) National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework

55 Computer Network Research Group ITB Contoh ITB’s Committed Involvement l IT Applications –Internet untuk Univesitas di Indonesia. –Low Cost Video Conferencing Systems. l Common Network Services. –Pengembangan Low Cost TCP/IP Networks. l Telecommunication Networks. –Low Cost 2Mbps Wireless Network for Rural.

56 Computer Network Research Group ITB Technical Standards l Digital Media. l Open Systems. l Bar-coding. l Smart Cards. l Security. l High Definition TeleVision (HDTV). l Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). l Document Representation (HTML, SGML)

57 Computer Network Research Group ITB Core Information Technology l Multimedia l Real Time Computing l Knowledge Systems l Advanced Telecommunications & Networking l Human Interface l Systems and Models

58 Computer Network Research Group ITB Suggested National IT Plan IT Manpower IT Culture Information Communication Infrastructure Climate for Creativity & Entrepreneurship Coordination Collaboration IT Application IT Industry

59 Computer Network Research Group ITB IT / Internet is not just a technology l SDM merupakan kunci utama keberhasilan IT / Internet di Indonesia. l Jaringan Internet antar Universitas akan sangat strategis bagi kelangsungan pembangunan Indonesia - menyongsong APEC, AFTA & GATT. l ITB committed untuk membantu pengembangan jaringan antar Universitas di Indonesia.

60 Computer Network Research Group ITB Mari Berhitung.... l Menparpostel mentargetkan 5 juta saluran sambungan untuk repelita ini.... l Jumlah Univ. Negeri hanya 75 buah. Jumlah Univ. Swasta mendekati 1500 buah. l Secara pesimistik jumlah potensial di dunia pendidikan 3-4 juta pengguna = 10% pengguna Internet di dunia. l Kontribusi 1500 saluran (0.03%) akan mengubah struktur Internet di Indonesia.

61 Computer Network Research Group ITB Beberapa Contoh l Clinton launch US$1.5 zillion program untuk mengintegrasikan High School ke Internet. l AT&T akan launch Internet sebagai basic service complement dengan basic service telepon yg selama ini ada. l Thailand (AIT) mengintegrasikan High School ke Internet.

62 Computer Network Research Group ITB Low Cost Teknologi Informasi Kontribusi ITB kepada Pembangunan Teknologi Informasi di Indonesia Low Cost & Rural Access

63 Computer Network Research Group ITB Wireless LAN Percobaan di ITB, Bandung Dengan Antenna Loop Yagi 915MHz Jarak 15 km LAN-to-LAN Connection 2Mbps

64 Computer Network Research Group ITB 2Mbps Wireless Access l Low Cost as low as US$750 / card - 2Mbps CDMA / Spread Spectrum. l Mudah deployment & instalasi - menarik untuk aplikasi rural & pedesaan. l Belum ada regulasi yang jelas dari Menparpostel ttg. CDMA / Spread Spectrum Technology. l ITB bersedia untuk melakukan penelitian membantu Menparpostel.

65 Computer Network Research Group ITB Internet Appliances l Internet Toaster US$500 :-).... l Processor + 4Mb RAM + Modem - US$250...

66 Computer Network Research Group ITB CU-see-Me

67 Computer Network Research Group ITB Low Cost CU-see-Me l Merupakan alternatif low cost video conferencing system & de-factor standard Internet. l PC-based + kamera + soundblaster. l As low as Rp additional equipment to PC!!! l Bisa dijalankan di 14.4Kbps :-)... tidak tergantung pada deployment ISDN.

68 Computer Network Research Group ITB Beberapa Obsesi Teknologi Informasi di ITB l Build a Satellite Ground Station. l Build an Indonesia Satellite :-)... l Running an Indonesian MBone Tunnel & Reflector Site. l Running CU-see-Me Low Cost Videoconference site. l Build 2-10Mbps Wireless Equipments. l Build 2Mbps HDSL modem & interface.

69 Computer Network Research Group ITB Rangkuman l AI3 Project merupakan gateway untuk penguasaan teknologi informasi, komunikasi & pengembangan SDM di Indonesia. l ITB komit untuk membantu pengembangan SDM di Indonesia berbasis teknologi informasi. l ITB komit dalam pengembangan berbagai low cost teknologi dengan Visi untuk membantu pembangunan SDM & Rural / Pedesaan.


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