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NATIONAL ENERGY SITUATION AND STUDY OF BIOMASS POTENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION INDONESIAN CASE Energy Conversion Research Group Institute.

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Presentasi berjudul: "NATIONAL ENERGY SITUATION AND STUDY OF BIOMASS POTENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION INDONESIAN CASE Energy Conversion Research Group Institute."— Transcript presentasi:

1 NATIONAL ENERGY SITUATION AND STUDY OF BIOMASS POTENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION INDONESIAN CASE Energy Conversion Research Group Institute Technology of Bandung Makuhari, Oct 13, 2006 Aryadi Suwono Professor of Mechanical Engineering

2 OUTLINE INDONNESIAN ENERGY SITUATION AND POLICY STUDY ON BIOMASS ENERGY POTENSIAL FOR ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION

3 INDONNESIAN ENERGY SITUATION AND POLICY

4 ENERGY DATA UPDATE TYPE ENERGY SOURCE THEORETICAL RESOURCE PROVEN RESERVE PRODUCTIONRES/PROD RATIO Oil86.9 billion barrels5.8 billion barrels0.5 billion barrels/year11 Years Natural Gas384.7 TSCF90 TSCF2.9 TSCF/year30 Years Coal50 billion tones5 billion tones0.1 billion tones/year50 Years TYPE OF ENERGY SOURCE THEORETICAL RESOURCE EQUIVALENTUTILIZATIONINSTALLED CAPACITY Hydro75,670 MW845 Millions BOE6,851 GWh4,200 MW Geothermal27,000 MW219 Million BOE2,593.5 GWh 800 MW Mini/Micro hydro 712 MW 206 MW Biomass 49,810 MW 302 MW Solar4.8 kWh/m2/day 5 MW Wind 9,287 MW 0.5 MW

5 BALANSE OF FOSSIL ENERGY PRODUKSI 1125 EKSPOR 514 PASOKAN DALAM NEGERI 611 IMPOR 487 PETROLEUM 2004 (MBOEPD) PRODUKSI 8.35 EKSPOR 4.88 DOMESTIK 3.47 NATURAL GAS 2004 (BSCFPD) PRODUKSI 131,72 EKSPOR 92,50 DOMESTIK 32,91 COAL 2004 (MILLION JUTA TON PER YEAR)

6 Grissik Palembang Semarang Pacific Ocean AUSTRALIA Indian Ocean Bangkok Phnom Penh Ban Mabtapud Ho Chi Minh City CAMBODIA VIETNAM THAILAND LAOS Khanon Songkhla Erawan Bangkot Lawit Jerneh WEST MALAYSIA Penang Kerteh Kuala Lumpur Manila Philipines South China Sea Natuna Alpha Kota Kinibalu BRUNEI Bandara Seri Begawan Bintul u EAST MALAYSIA Kuching Banda Aceh Lhokseumawe Medan Duri S U M A T R A Jambi Bintan SINGAPORE Samarinda Balikpapan Bontang Attaka Tunu Bekapai KALIMANTAN Banjarmasin Manado SULAWESI BURU SERAM Ternate Sorong IRIAN JAYA Jakarta J A V A Surabaya Bangkalan BALI SUMBAWA LOMBOK FLORES SUMBA TIMOR Duyong West Natuna Mogpu Dumai Batam Guntong MADURA OIL REFINERY AND TRANSPORTATION Bandung Yogyakarta Transit Terminal Pipeline Distribution Tanker Oil Refinery P. Brandan: 5 MBOPD Balongan : 125 MBOPD Kasim : 10 MBOPD Musi MBOPD Balikpapan : 260 MBOPD Ujung Pandang Pagerungan HALMAHERA TOTAL REFINERY CAPACITY 1,057,000 BOPD Jayapura Merauke Cepu : 3.80 MBOPD S.Pakning : 50 MBOPD Cilacap: 348 MBOPD Dumai : 120 MBOPD Padang Port Klang Port Dickson I N D O N E S I A

7 Grissik Palembang Semarang NATURAL GAS RESERVE AND PIPING TRAN Pacific Ocean AUSTRALIA Indian Ocean Bangkok Phnom Penh Ban Mabtapud Ho Chi Minh City CAMBODIA VIETNAM THAILAND LAOS Khanon Songkhla Erawan Bangkot Lawit Jerneh WEST MALAYSIA Penang Kerteh Kuala Lumpur Manila Philipines South China Sea Singapore Gas Trunkline Natuna Alpha Kota Kinibalu BRUNEI Bandara Seri Begawan Bintul u EAST MALAYSIA Kuching Banda Aceh Lhokseumawe Medan Duri Padang S U M A T R A Jambi Bintan SINGAPORE Samarinda Balikpapan Bontang LNG Plant & Export Terminal Attaka Tunu Bekapai KALIMANTAN Banjarmasin Manado SULAWESI Ujung Pandang BURU SERAM Ternate HALMAHERA Sorong IRIAN JAYA Jakarta J A V A Surabaya Bangkalan BALI SUMBAWA Pagerungan LOMBOK Cirebon FLORES SUMBA TIMOR I N D O N E S I A Duyong West Natuna Port Dickson Port Klang Mogpu Dumai Batam Guntong 52,081 3, ,220 14,260 5,190 31,814 3,654 14,782 GAS RESERVE 2P (BSCF) TOTAL RESERVES 2P : 134,015.5 BSCF 0,11 3,00 Resources Ardjuna Fields MADURA 4,289 Existing Pipeline Planned Pipeline Jayapura Merauke

8 TRANS ASEAN GAS PIPELINE (TAGP)

9 COAL RESERVE AND TERMINAL KALIMANTAN SULAWESI IRIAN JAYA SUMATRA JAVA Tarahan Pulau Baai Kertapati Teluk Bayur Tanjung Redep* Tanjung Bara B l o r o* Loa Tebu* Balikpapan Tanah Merah North Pulau Laut IBT – Sembilang* Air Tawar* Banjarmasin* South Pulau Laut S a t u i* Kelanis* Catatan : * River Terminal COAL RESERVE (%) THERETICAL = 58 BILLION TON PROVEN = 6.9 billion ton MEASURED = 12.4 billion ton TOTAL = 19.3 billion ton R/P = 147 years MAXIMUM HANDLING CAPACITY (DWT)

10 Grissik Palembang Semarang Pacific Ocean AUSTRALIA Indian Ocean Bangkok Phnom Penh Ban Mabtapud Ho Chi Minh City CAMBODIA VIETNAM THAILAND LAOS Khanon Songkhla Erawan Bangkot Lawit Jerneh WEST MALAYSIA Penang Kerteh Kuala Lumpur Manila Philipines South China Sea Natuna Alpha Kota Kinibalu BRUNEI Bandara Seri Begawan Bintul u EAST MALAYSIA Kuching Banda Aceh Lhokseumawe Medan Duri Padang S U M A T R A Jambi Bintan SINGAPORE Samarinda Balikpapan Bontang Attaka Tunu Bekapai KALIMANTAN Banjarmasin Manado SULAWESI Ujung Pandang BURU SERAM Ternate HALMAHERA Sorong IRIAN JAYA Jakarta J A V A Surabaya Bangkalan BALI SUMBAWA Pagerungan LOMBOK FLORES SUMBA TIMOR I N D O N E S I A Duyong West Natuna Port Dickson Port Klang Mogpu Dumai Batam Guntong MADURA ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION AND TRANSMISION GRID TOTALCAPACITY 24,000 MW Total Jawa Bali : 18,500 MW Total Sumatera : 3,200 MW Total Kalimantan : 800 MW Total Sulawesi : 650 MW Existing Transmission Planned Transmission Power Plant Jayapura Merauke

11 ROADMAP OF NUCLEAR ENERGY DEVELOPEMENT Erection NPP-1 Energy Planning with Inclusion of Nuclear Energy Decission Go for NPP Tender NPP 1&2 Operate NPP Sosializatio of NPP 2025 Konstruksi PLTN-2 Establishment “Owner” Operate NPP-2 Operate NPP-4 Operate NPP-3 Erection NPP-3 Konstruksi PLTN-4 Tender NPP 3&4

12 TARGET OF NATIONAL ENERGY MIX IN 2025 OPTIMALISASI PENGELOLAAN ENERGI

13 STUDY ON BIOMASS ENERGY POTENSIAL FOR ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION

14 BACKGROUND Increasing demand of electricity, presently electrification ratio 0.53 Need for decreasing the consumption of fossil fuel High potentially available renewable energy sources: Approx MW (excluding solar energy) Only 5200 MW has been utilized Approx MW biomass energy potential Willingness of Indonesian Government and PLN to utilize the renewable energy sources

15 POTENTIAL OF NEW & RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN INDONESIA NOENERGY SOURCESPOTENTIAL INSTALLED CAPACITY % 1 Hydro (Incl. small scale) MW MW± 5,6 % 2Geothermal MW 802 MW± 4,1 % 3Alternative Energy Biomass Equivalent MW 302 MW Solar4,8 kWh/m2/day Equivalent ± 5 MW Wind Equivalent 450 MW Equivalent ± 0,5 MW Sea wave 10 – 35 MW per Km coast length

16 PLN FUTURE PLAN Tonny Agus, Deputy Director for Primary Energy, Workshop on Biomass for Sustainable Electric Power Generation, March 1, To empower current PLN renewable energy generator 2.To build renewable energy power plant based on current studis 3.To construct commercially potential renewable energy map 4.To study the renewable energy feasibility, technically and economically, to replace fossil fuel energy 5.To look for economically funding source

17 RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT POLICY Tonny Agus, Deputy Director for Primary Energy, Workshop on Biomass for Sustainable Electric Power Generation, March 1, 2005 Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation No.1122 K/30/MEM/2002 about Small Scale Power Plant (up to 1000 kW) has already been published --  updated to 15 MW Developer has to fulfill technical and operational requirement of local PLN If future development location has already been studied by PLN, further discussion with fair partnership spirit has to be held PLN is supporting the developer which will develop the small scale power plant potential as long as fulfilling the technical and operational requirement of PLN It is preferable for PLN that the capacity can be flexibly increased, for example from 1000 kW to kW The consequence is that the Ministry Regulation may be revised.

18 Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation No K/30/MEM/2002 About Small Scale Power Plant (scattered PSK) Operator : Small scale business (as shown in UU No.9, 1995 ) Energy Sources: Renewable Energy (wind, sun, mini/micro hydro, waste, geothermal, etc.) Capacity: max. 1 MW/power plant  currently is updated to 15 MW Location: reachable by PLN network on medium/low voltage (on-grid) Electric power selling price as shown in paragraph 13 Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Decree No K/30/MEM/2002, are : a.0.8 times HPP medium voltage if interconnected to Medium Voltage Network b.0.6 times HPP low voltage if interconnected to Low Voltage Network

19 STUDY ON BIOMASS AS ALTERNATIVE ENERGY FOR ELECTRIC POWER PLANT Data and information Collection Survey on Biomass Energy Potential Evaluation on Biomass Utilization Technology Evaluation on financial assistant scheme Workshop: Inputs from related institutions Analysis Output: Biomass Energy map Design requirement of Biomass Power Generation plant (PLTBM) Business Plan of PLTBM Policy and Regulation Required Data base for FS Comparative Study

20 Coconut waste

21 Rice waste

22 Oil palm

23 Sugar cane waste

24 Wood waste

25 Total biomass potential

26 Potential of electricity from biomass

27 Highest of biomass for electricity

28

29

30

31 THANK YOU


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