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Chapter Three: The Self in Interpersonal Communication This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Chapter Three: The Self in Interpersonal Communication This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Chapter Three: The Self in Interpersonal Communication This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. The Interpersonal Communication Book 11th Ed. The Interpersonal Communication Book 11th Ed. Joseph A. DeVito

2 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon2 In order to have a conversation with someone you must reveal yourself. James Baldwin

3 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon3 Self Concepts  Our perception of how others see us  It consist of your feelings & thought about your strength and weakness  Abilities and limitations  Aspirations and world view

4 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon4 Self Concepts  Those physical, social, and psychological perceptions of  ourselves that we have derived from experiences and our  interaction with others”  William De Brooks  (Hal tentang persepsi fisik, sosial, dan psikologi dari diri kita yang didapatkan dari pengalaman dan interaksi kita dengan orang lain)

5 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon5 Strong self - concepts  They can describe numerious skills,abilities,knowledge, compentencies, and personality character  They think positively about themselves

6 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon6 Weak self- concepts  They cannot describe the skills, abilities, knowledge, competencies, or personality characteristics they have  They think negatively about themselves

7 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon7  Our family members shape our self – concepts  Self concepts determined by our experience & communication with others, the roles & values we have selected for ourselves, our perception of how others see us, and how we evaluate our selves

8 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon8  We see our selves based on how we think we look and on how we think other see me

9 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon9

10 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon10 Self-Concept  Others’ Images of You  Social Comparison  Cultural Teachings  Your Own Interpretations and Evaluations  Self-Awareness Microsoft Image

11 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon11 Other Images  Charles Horton Cooley’s (1922) concept of the looking glass.  Bagaimana anda mengungkap sikap ramah, assertif, anda melihat pada image diri anda yg orang lain tunjukkan pada anda melalui cara mereka memperlakukan anda &bereaksi thd anda

12 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon12  Selft Comparison : You develop your self concept is by comparing your self with other  Cultural teaching: parents, teacher, media, your culture instill in you a variety of beliefs, values, and attitudes.  Self - Evaluation : images of you based on what you do, you also react to your own behaviour; you interpret and evaluate it  Selft- Awareness:The extent to which you know your self

13 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon13  Belief: komponen – komponen kognitif dari sistem. Kepercayaan merupakan anggapan subyektif bahwa suatu obyek /peristiwa punya ciri/nilai tertentu, dengan atau tanpa bukti.  Values/Nilai: komponen evaluatif dari kepercayaan yg mencakup (kegunaan,kebaikan, estetika, kepuasan). Bersifat normatif, memberi tahu anggota budaya ttg apa yg baik/buruk, benar/salah, siapa yg harus dibela, apa yg harus diperjuangkan.  World view: orientasi budaya terhadap Tuhan, kehidupan, kematian, alam semesta, kebenaran, materi yg berkaiatan dengan kehidupan.  Attitudes: evaluasi/pandangan ttg watak,sikap, perasaan atau pendirian ttg diri kita, orang lain, peristiwa, ide – ide, atau objek

14 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon14 Communication & self Concepts  Communication affects the self – concepts, and self concepts affect how and what we communicate  The way we perceive the communication, we receive from other has a direct impact on our self- concepts and our subsequent communication

15 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon15 Perception of other’s Responses (P) Self – Concepts (S) Behaviour (B) Actual responses of others (A) Kinch’s Model of the Connection between self concept and Communication

16 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon16 Pengaruh Konsep Diri pada KAP  Konsep diri mrpkan faktor menentukan dlm KAP …….. Setiap orang berlaku sedapat mungkin sesuai dengan konsep diri.  Konsep diri mempengaruhi perilaku komunikasi karena konsep diri mempengaruhi kepada pesan apa kita bersedia membuka diri, bagaimana kita mempersepsi pesan, dan apa yg kita ingat  Kecenderungan utk bertingkah laku sesuai dengan konsep diri disebut : nubuat yg harus dipenuhi sendiri ( Self fulfilling prophecy)  Sukses KAP banyak bergantung pada kualitas konsep diri.

17 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon17 Anak belajar dari kehidupannya  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan celaan ia belajar memaki  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan permusuhan ia belajar berkelahi  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan cemoohan ia belajar rendah diri  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan penghinaan ia belajar menyesali diri  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan toleransi ia belajar menahan diri  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan dorongan ia belajar percaya diri  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan pujian ia belajar menghargai  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan rasa aman ia belajar menaruh kepercayaan  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan dukungan ia belajar menyenagi dirinya  Jika anak dibesarkan dengan kasih sayang & persahabatan, ia belajar menemukan cinta dalam kehidupan.

18 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon18 Self-Awareness  What You Know about Yourself  Affects Self-Concept Microsoft Image

19 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon19 Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves  Open Self  Behaviors,attitudes,feelings,motivation, and ideas --- that you and others know  Type of information: name, skin colour,sex to your age,political & religious affiliations, financial situations Open Johari Window

20 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon20 Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves  Blind Self : represent all the things about you that others know but of which you’are ignorant Open Blind Johari Window

21 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon21 Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves  Hidden Self : you know your self & of others that you keep secret. Open Blind Hidden Johari Window

22 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon22 Self-Awareness—Your Four Selves  Unknown Self : represent truths about your selft that neither you nor others know. Open Unknown Blind Hidden Johari Window

23 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon23 Self awareness – life position  I am OK – Your OK  I am not OK – You are OK  I am Ok – You are not OK  I am not OK – You are not OK

24 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon24 Increasing Self-Awareness  Ask Yourself about Yourself  Listen to Others  Seek Information about Yourself  See Your Different Selves  Increase Your Open Self Microsoft Image

25 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon25 SELF ESTEEM 

26 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon26 SELF ESTEEM  Bagian dari interpretasi/penyimpulan diri  Penilaian secara keseluruhan ttg kompetensi & nilai diri  Penilaian ttg konsep diri ( -) /(+)  Bagaimana orang merasa ttg dirinya  "experiencing" dan "dealing with  orang yang harga-dirinya bagus itu adalah orang yang mengalami proses hubungan yang positif dengan dirinya, punya perasaan positif terhadap dirinya, punya penilaian yang bagus terhadap dirinya (self-concept)  proses intrinsik di mana orang merasa perlu (sadar) untuk menjaga atau menghormati dirinya dengan cara- cara yang terhormat.  Harga diri terkait dengan kualitas emosi

27 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon27  harga-diri itu terkait dengan kepercayaan-diri (self-confidence)  Self-confidence: sejauhmana anda punya keyakinan terhadap penilaian anda atas kemampuan anda dan sejauhmana anda bisa merasakan adanya "kepantasan" untuk berhasil  Self efficacy: sejauhmana anda punya keyakinan atas kapasitas yang anda miliki untuk bisa menjalankan tugas atau menangani persoalan dengan hasil yang bagus (to succeed).  Self confidence ini adalah kombinasi dari self esteem dan self-efficacy

28 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon28 Self-Esteem  How Much Do You Like Yourself?  Attack Your Self-Destructive Beliefs  Secure Affirmation : I am statement, I can statement, I will statement.  Seek Nourishing People  Work on Projects That Will Result in Success

29 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon29 Self-Disclosure Communicating Information About…  Your Values, Beliefs, and Desires  Your Behavior  Your Self-Qualities or Characteristics

30 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon30 Self-Disclosure—Influences  Who You Are  Your Culture  Your Gender  Your Listeners  Your Topic and Channel Microsoft Image

31 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon31 Self-Disclosure Rewards  Self-Knowledge  Communication and Relationship Effectiveness  Physiological Health Microsoft Image

32 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon32 Dangers of Self-Disclosure Risks Ahead  Personal  Relational  Professional Microsoft Image

33 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon33 Self-Disclosure—Guidelines  Consider Motivation  Consider Appropriateness  Consider Others’ Disclosure  Consider Burdens Microsoft Image

34 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon34 Self-Disclosure—Responding  Practice Skills of Effective and Active Listening  Support and Reinforce Discloser  Be Willing to Reciprocate  Keep Things Confidential  Don’t Use Disclosure Against Other

35 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon35 Self-Disclosure—Resisting  Don’t Be Pushed  Be Assertive in Refusing  Be Indirect and Change Topic Microsoft Image

36 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon36 Apprehension in Communication Defined  Shyness  Unwillingness to Communicate  Stage Fright  Reticence Microsoft Image

37 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon37 Apprehension in Communication  Types  Trait  State  Behaviors Microsoft Image

38 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon38 Apprehension in Communication Influences  Degree of Evaluation  Subordinate Status  Degree of Conspicuousness  Degree of Unpredictability  Degree of Dissimilarity  Prior Success and Failure  Lack of Communication Skills and Experience Microsoft Image

39 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon39 Apprehension in Communication Culture and Apprehension  Varies According to Culture  Intercultural Communication May Increase Apprehension

40 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon40 Theories of Apprehension Management  Cognitive Restructuring  Systematic Desensitization  Skill Acquisition  Prepare and Practice  Focus on Success  Familiarize Self With Situation  Relax Microsoft Image

41 Chapter 3: The Self in Interpersonal Communication Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon41  Siapa yang dapat mempengaruhi harga diri saya.  Siapa yang sangat mempengaruhi harga diri saya.  Bagaimana orang tua/dosen/teman membantu membangun harga diri saya ?

42 The Interpersonal Communication Book 11th Ed. The Interpersonal Communication Book 11th Ed.


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