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BUDIDAYA KELINCI Abdul Samik FKH-UA Desember 2013.

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Presentasi berjudul: "BUDIDAYA KELINCI Abdul Samik FKH-UA Desember 2013."— Transcript presentasi:

1 BUDIDAYA KELINCI Abdul Samik FKH-UA Desember 2013

2 KEUNGGULAN KELINCI KelinciAyamKambingSapi Jml anak/th (ekor) ,8 BB induk (kg)4, Protein (gram) Lemak (%)6,

3 Jenis-Jenis Kelinci  Kesenangan (Hobi) Budidaya, Kontes  Laboratorium  Bulu Angora Rex  Daging Tipe besar

4 BERDASARKAN UKURANNYA : Kecil ( kg ) Kecil ( kg ) 1. American Fuzzy Lop 2. Britannia Petite 3. Dutch 4. Dwarf Hotot 5. Florida white 6. Havana 7. Himalayan 8. Holland Lop

5 9. Jersey wolly 10. Mini Lop 11. Mini Rex 12. Netherland Dwarf 13. Polish 14. Silver 15. Tan

6 Sedang ( kg) Sedang ( kg) 1. American Sable 7. Lilac 2. Belgian Hare 8. Rex 3. English angora 9. Rhinelander 4. English Spot 10. Satin Angora 5. French angora 11. Silver Marten 6. Harlequin 12. Standard Chinchilla

7 Besar (4.1-5kg) Besar (4.1-5kg) 1. American 2. American Chinchilla 3. Beveren 4. Californian 5. Champagne d'Argent 6. Cinnamon 7. Creme d'Argent 8. English Lop 9. Giant Angora 10. Hotot 11. New Zealand 12. Palomino 13. Satin 14. Silver Fox

8 Raksasa (lebih dari 5kg) Raksasa (lebih dari 5kg) 1. Checkered Giant, 2. Flemish Giant (Patagonian), 3. French Lop 4. Giant Chinchilla

9 KEGUNAAN 1. Daging protein tinggi cholesterol rendah lemak rendah

10 2. Penelitian produksi antibodi studi reproduksi penelitian penyakit manusia

11 3. Bulu - Normal - Rex - Angora - Satin 4. Kesayangan

12 JENIS-JENIS KELINCI  45 Jenis  5 kelas utama mini kecil sedang besar giant

13 Kandang dan Perlengkapan  Kandang cukup lebar untuk pergerakan kelinci  Kandang terbuat dr kawat  Lantai kandang terbuat dari kayu yg kuat

14 Perawatan  Tahan thd suhu dingin  Tdk tahan thd suhu panas  Membutuhkan udara bebas bergerak  Block drafts in cold weather

15 Jenis pakan :  Hijauan : rumput lapangan, limbah sayuran, daun turi, daun lamtoro, dll.  Hay (rumput kering) : rumput gajah, setaria, pucuk tebu, dll.  Biji – bijian : jagung, sorgum, kacang hijau.  Umbi – umbian : wortel,ubi jalar, singkong.  Konsentrat : pellet (pakan buatan dari dari pabrik), bekatul, dll.

16 Pemberian pakan  Sistem ad libitum : pemberian pakan selalu tersedia  Sistem restriction : pemberian pakan yg disediakan scr terbatas Kebiasaan Kelinci  Coprophage/caecotrophy : memakan kotoran sendiri. Fur eating habit : menggigit dan memakan bulunya sendiri/ kayu tmp sangkarnya.

17 Tujuan menyusun ransum kelinci  memenuhi kebutuhan nutrisi ternak kelinci  agar produksi optimal  keuntungan optimal Syarat  memahami kebutuhan zat-zat nutrisi kelinci (feeding standard)  memahami komposisi kimia bahan  mampu merangkum bahan

18 Pemilihan bahan : - mudah didapat - murah harganya - tidak bersaing dengan keperluan manusia - terjamin ketersediaannya - baik kualitasnya Jumlah pemberian konsentrat : - Pertumbuhan,penggemukan,pejantan : 50 gr. - induk bunting : 70 gr. - induk menyusui : 150 – 200 gr. - + rumput lapangan ad lib.

19  Jumlah pemberian konsentrat : - Pertumbuhan,penggemukan,pejantan : 50 gr. - induk bunting : 70 gr. - induk menyusui : 150 – 200 gr. - + rumput lapangan ad lib.

20 PAKAN  Tempat pakan terbuat dr stainles  Tempat minum bentuk ember atau botol  Pakan komersial (pelet)

21  Jangan terlalu banyak makan selada hijau  Jangan terlalu banyak memberi pakan sayur atau buah  Coprophagy

22 PAKAN KELINCI  Rumput kering  Jagung  Gandum  Tepung gandum  wortel  Apel  Buncis  Pisang  Nanas

23 Handling  Jangan dipegang telinganya  Gunakan baju lengan panjang  Pegang dg lembut

24 ISTILAH  Jantan: Buck  Betina: Doe  Muda: Bunny  Anak: Kit  Group: Herd

25 REPRODUKSI  Pubertas: 5-8 bln  Betina butuh sinar lampu slm 16 jam/hr untuk proses reproduksi  Betina dibawa kekandang jantan pd saat kawin (tdk sebaliknya)

26  Kebuntingan: hr  Doe merontokkan bulu untuk membuat sarang  Tinggalkan doe sendiri pd saat melahirkan  Sapih: 4-8 mgg

27 PENYAKIT KELINCI

28 Enteritis Peradangan pd saluran usus Menyebabkan kematian pd kelinci Disebabkan oleh bakteri dan sanitasi yg tdk baik Gejala: tdk mau makan. Minum air terlalu banyak Kematian terjadi 4-7 hr stl infeksi Pengobatan dg antibiotik broad- spectrum

29 Snuffles  Disebabkan oleh Pasteurella multocida  Gejala: bersin dg keluar ingus  Muncul pd hwn yg stres

30 Wry Neck  Kepala melintir kesalah satu sisi  Disebabkan oleh Pasteurella multocida  Pengobatan: antibiotics

31 Kutu telinga  Parasit eksternal  Mengeleng- gelengkan kepala, mengaruk-garuk telinga  Pengobatan: mineral oil untuk telinga atau obat tetes telinga

32 JENIS-JENIS KELINCI

33 American Chinchilla  Great for Meat  Very Popular  Great Pets  Docile nature  Need to be protected from cold, drafts, wind, snow and rain.

34 American Sable  American Sable is a rich sepia brown color with brown eyes.  Weights Sr. Buck- 8 pounds  Weight Sr. Does - 9 pounds

35 American  The American Blue Rabbit comes from Pasadena, Calif.  Intended as a meat and fur rabbit  Bucks weigh 9 pounds  Does weigh 10 pounds

36 Californian  Developed in the USA in 1920’s  Rapid maturing  Meat breed  High Quality Fur  Crossed between Himalayan and Chinchilla rabbit breeds.  Weight 7-15 pounds

37 Champagne d’Argent  Sr. Bucks weigh 10 pounds  Sr. Does weigh pounds.  Adult color is bluish white body with black hairs with darker nose and muzzle, brown eyes

38 Cinnamon  American breed of rabbits - developed in Montana.  Commercial breeding rabbit weighing pounds.  Rich, russet dark brown color - deep cinnamon.

39 Dwarf Hotot  Original home was Germany.  Crossbred from Netherlands Dwarf and Dutch.  Small and Compact, stocky, docile little rabbit  Average weight- 2.5 pounds

40 Dutch  Black Dutch most common. Other colors include Blue, Chocolate, Gray, Steel, Tortoise.  White shoulders are distinguishing mark  Well rounded body  Blaze on face- wedge shaped.

41 English Angora  Average size 5.5 pounds.  Colors: lilac, chocolate, white, fawn, chestnut, broken black, blue,  Fur type rabbit.

42 French Angora  Average Weight 7.5 to 8 pounds  Good wool producers  Dual Purpose, wood and meat.  All toenails should be matched.  Colors-variety of colors including white, solids, or brokens

43 Flemish Giant  Colors: Black, blue, fawn, light gray, sandy, steel, gray, and white.  Sr. Bucks weigh 13 pounds or over  Sr. Does weigh 14 pounds or over.

44 French Lop  Color Groups: Agouti, Broken, self, shaded, ticked, wide band.  Classifications- broken pattern or solid pattern.  Sr. bucks-10.5 pounds  Sr. Does-11 pounds

45 Florida White  Excellent Meat rabbit  Pure white color  Pink eyes  Sr. Bucks & Does - 5 pounds  Jr. Bucks & Does - up to 4.5 pounds.

46 American Fuzzy Lop  Color Groups: Agouti, Broken, Pointed White, Self, Shaded, Wide Band.  Classifications- Broken & Solid pattern  Sr. Bucks lbs.  Sr. Does lbs.

47 Giant Angora  Fur Type Rabbit  Colors: Ruby Eyed White  Sr. Bucks lbs.  Sr. Does - 10 lbs.

48 Giant Chinchilla  Chinchilla color with brown eyes.  Sr. Bucks pounds.  Sr. Does pounds.  Meat Type rabbit

49 Havana  Colors: Black, Blue and Chocolate  Sr. Bucks & Does pounds  Jr. Bucks & Does- minimum 2.5 pounds.

50 Himalayan  Small Size, gentle nature  Ideal for children  Colors: Black, Blue, chocolate, and lilac  Sr. Bucks & Does pounds  Jr. Bucks & Does- minimum 1.25 lbs.

51 Holland Lop  Round head with flat face.  Short lop ears.  Many Color Groups  Sr. Buck & Does up to 4 pounds.  Jr. Bucks & Does up to 2 pounds

52 Harlequin  Groups include: Japanese, Magpie  Color varieties: Black, blue,chocolate, and lilac.  Sr. Bucks lbs.  Sr. Does - 8 lbs.

53 English Lop  Very tolerant and affectionate animal  Ears must measure 21” from tip to tip to be shown.  Ears problems a key factor to health-scapes.  Sr. Bucks & Does -9 to 10 lbs.

54 Mini Satin  Color varieties: white with light ivory cast and pink eyes.  Sr. Bucks & Does - 4 pounds.

55 Mini Lop  Very gentle handling, docile breed  Chubby faces, lopped ears, compact body.  Solid and broken  Sr. Bucks & Does - 6 pounds.

56 Mini Rex  Small, compact type breed.  Fur-plush and velvety.  Colors-black, blue, castor, chocolate, lilac, lynx, opal, seal, tortoise, white, red sable, otter, sand,  Weight - up to 4 lbs.

57 Netherlands Dwarf  Small, compact rabbit, round head and body.  They come in 29 color varieties.  Sr. Bucks & Does up to 2 pounds.

58 New Zealand  Meat Rabbits  Color Varieties: Black, Red and White.  Sr. Bucks - 10 lbs.  Sr. Does - 11 lbs.  Very hardy, popular meat breed.

59 Polish  Originated In England and Germany.  Small and Compact  Colors: black, blue, broken, chocolate, blue- eyed white, ruby- eyed white.  Sr. Buck & Doe lbs.

60 Palomino  Color varieties: Golden, and lynx  Sr. Buck - 9 pounds  Sr. Doe - 10 pounds  Meaty breed

61 Rex  All purpose breed; excellent carcass and excellent FUR.  No other fur compares  Change colors with maturity.  Many colors  Sr. Buck - 8 lbs  Sr. Doe - 9 lbs

62 Rhinelander  Colors: White body with black and bright golden - orange spots, with brown eyes.  Sr. Bucks - 8 lbs.  Sr. Does lbs.

63 Satin  Excellent breed to raise and show.  Ex. meat breed  Hair reflects light and gives it unique shine.  Colors: black, blue, broken, chinchilla, chocolate, copper, otter, red, siamese  Size - average 9-10 lbs.

64 Standard Chinchilla  Color: Chinchilla wih any eye colcor but pink. BROWN eyes is preferred.  Sr. Buck - 6 lbs.  Sr. Doe lbs.

65 Silver  Small Breed weighing about 4- 7 lbs. Average is 5-6 pounds.  Very athletic and active.  Colors: black, brown, and fawn

66 English Spot

67

68 English Lop

69 French Lop French Lop

70 Holland Lop

71 Mini Lop

72 DUTCH

73 New Zealand White

74 Florida White Florida White

75 CIRI-CIRI : -Populer/disukai masyarakat -Warna putih, mata merah -Bersifat jinak -Pertumbuhan cepat, tanpa lemak -Pada umur 58 hr : 1,8 kg -50 ekor/th

76 Flemish Giant

77 Giant Chinchilla

78 Standard Chinchilla

79 KELINCI AMERIKA

80 1. American

81 2. AMERICAN CHINCILLA 2. AMERICAN CHINCILLA

82 3.American Fuzzy Lop

83 4. American Sable

84 KELINCI ANGORA

85 1. English Angora

86 2. French Angora

87 3. Satin Angora

88 4. Giant Angora

89 CALIFORNIAN

90 CIRI-CIRI : - Warna putih, kecuali telinga, ujung kaki dan hidung -Bersifat produktif - Pertumbuhan cepat

91 KELINCI HITAM

92 Havana

93 Polish

94 Budidaya Kelinci Pedaging  Pemilihan jenis kelinci  Manajemen : Kandang Pakan Perkawinan kesehatan Pemasaran

95 Pemilihan Jenis Kelinci  Kebutuhan daging Putih Pertulangan bagus  Jumlah anak 8-10 anak  Kesukaan pribadi

96 3 jenis kelinci pedaging terpopuler  New Zealand (putih)

97  Californian

98  Florida White

99 Manajemen  Mengenal kelinci Tingkah laku Normal 0  Temp F  Detak jantung kali/menit  Pernapasan kali/menit

100  Kandang Sanitas Suhu Individu-kelompok Tipe :  Panggung  Slants  Susun

101 Panggung/menggantung

102 Susun + Kipas pengatur suhu

103 Kartu catatan Peralatan sanitasi

104  Pakan Perlu air bersih dan segar Pellets  Makanan pd umumnya  Hay tdk biasa  Pakan untuk tipe pedaging Hay dan biji-bijian

105 Pakan untuk Ternak Pedaging SapiDombaBabiAyamKelinci 6-8 lbs feed/lb gain 4 lbs feed/lb gain lbs feed/lb gain 2 lbs feed/lb gain 4 lbs feed/lb gain

106  Perkawinan Kartu catatan Ovulsi tergertak Kebuntingan = hari Cara perkawinan  Bawa betina ke jantan  Diagnosis kebuntingan pd hr 10-16: palpasi  Hari 28: boks sarang  Hari 31-33: melahirkan

107  Pasca kelahiran Jumlah anak Ambil anak yg mati hr stl lahir, boks sarang diambil Anak disapih umur 30 hr, induk kawin kembali Bunting 5 kali/th

108  Kesehatan Sanitasi Pasteurellosis multocida Parasit eksternal  Kutu  Caplak  Pinjang Parasit internal  Cacing

109 Kandungan Nutrisi DAGINGPROTEINLEMAKKALORI Kelinci Ayam Anak sapi Kalkun Sapo Domba Babi

110 MODAL AWAL 1. Kandang & perlengkapanya Rp – Rp Pembelian 5 ekor bibit indukan siap Rp = Rp Obat-obatan & vitamin Rp Total modal awal = Rp

111 PENDAPATAN : 1. 4 induk betina x 6 anakan x 8 masa panen / 2 tahun = 192 ekor 192 ekor x Rp ( bobot 2,5 kg ) = Rp induk afkir x ( 4 kg x Rp ) = Rp Total pendapatan dari 1 paket indukan (1 jantan 4 betina ) selama 2 tahun adalah Rp Rp = Rp KEUNTUNGAN : Untung = Pendapatan – Modal awal = Rp – Rp = Rp

112 BIAYA OPERASIONAL Kalau hanya memiliki induk 5 ekor, pakan sehari-hari cukup diberi rumput. Jika Anda di lingkungan kota/padat penduduk yang kesulitan mendapatkan pakan bisa menggunakan alternative pakan selain rumput antara lain konsentrat, pellet, ampas tahu maupun alternative pakan lainnya yang tentunya harganya ekonomis dan aman bagi kelinci. Keterangan : 4 induk betina menghasilkan 6 ekor anak kelinci ( 4 – 12 ekor anak / kelahiran, standart 8 ekor sesuai jumlah puting induk kelinci ). Masa Panen dalam 2 tahun adalah 8 x, Masa kebuntingan kelinci hari, masa sapih 45 hari. Masa pembesaran hingga minggu ke 17 setelah kelahiran. Harga kelinci hidup Rp / kg ( berat minimal 2,5 kg ).


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