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Presented by Ambang Priyonggo, MA Multimedia Nusantara University.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Presented by Ambang Priyonggo, MA Multimedia Nusantara University."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Presented by Ambang Priyonggo, MA Multimedia Nusantara University

2 Objective Penentu Berita Flow kerja dapur redaksi Beat/wilayah peliputan

3 Penentu Berita Dalam kerja suratkabar, Redaktur (Editor, Kepala Desk) disebut sebagai penentu berita. Redaktur adalah orang yang merencanakan, menentukan, dan menugaskan reporter untuk mencari berita untuk mengisi halaman-halaman suratkabar

4 Sumber masukan redaktur berita radio/televisi suratkabar lain situs web/suratkabar online

5 Sumber masukan redaktur kantor berita (wire services)

6 Sumber masukan redaktur Siaran pers (press release) Daftar acara/undangan yang dikirimkan ke Redaksi Masukan dari reporter yang pos tetap yang harus didatangi (beat/wilayah peliputan). Hasil lobi yang dilakukan Redaktur sendiri Pemimpin Redaksi, Redaktur Pelaksana (Managing Editor), dan editor lain, dalam sesi Rapat Pagi atau Rapat Sore

7 Reporter dalam tugas liputan seorang reporter harus melakukan persiapan dengan mencari dan menggali bahan-bahan tentang berita yang akan diliputnya. Dengan demikian, seorang reporter tidak akan turun ke lapangan dengan kepala kosong. Penguasaan reporter akan berita yang diliputnya, membuat sumber berita menghargainya, dan juga akan membuat hasil liputannya lengkap (comprehensive) dan berkualitas.

8 Dapur Redaksi Biasa juga disebut newsroom, di mana menjadi tempat kerja tim redaksi (reporter, redaktur, layout designer) dalam mengolah berita hingga proses layout.

9 Struktur organisasi redaksi Redaksi dikepalai oleh pemimpin redaksi (Editor-in- Chief) Sehari-hari ia dibantu oleh seorang Redaktur Pelaksana (Managing Editor) yang bertugas mengoordinasikan Redaktur-Redaktur (Editor- Editor). Setiap Redaktur mengepalai sebuah Desk tertentu sesuai dengan bidangyang dicakupnya

10 Desk-desk redaksi Desk halaman satu (front page) Desk Politik, Hukum, dan Keamanan (nasional) Desk Ekonomi, Bisnis, dan Keuangan Desk Kota Desk Olahraga Desk Opini Desk Internasional Desk Nusantara/daerah Desk Lifestyle (gaya hidup)

11 Desk-desk redaksi Desk investigasi Desk Edisi Minggu Desk Budaya/humaniora *Tidak ada standar baku untuk penghimpunan desk- desk ini, termasuk istilahnya. Media bisa jadi memiliki pembagian desk yang “berbeda” antara satu dengan lainnya.

12 Desk-desk redaksi DESK HALAMAN UTAMA (Front Page) Desk ini sangat penting karena menjadi wajah depan atau etalase koran Biasanya timnya terdiri dari redaktur dengan level senior dan sangat menguasai bidang peliputan. Keputusan akhir penentuan berita yang dimuat di halaman ini berasal dari rapat redaksi. Berita-berita di halaman ini adalah biasanya yang best of the best dari listing berita yang ada.

13 Front Page

14 Desk-desk redaksi Setiap Desk mempunyai wilayah peliputan (beat) sendiri-sendiri. Contoh: - Desk Politik hukum dan keamanan (nasional), wilayah liputannya bisa mencakup: Depdagri, Istana (RI 1 dan 2), Dephan, Mabes TNI/Polri, Deplu, MA, KY, DPR, Pengadilan Tipikor, KPK, dll - Desk Kota, wilayah liputannya meliputi balaikota, dprd, “per wilayah” (kantor walikota, polres, PN)

15 Desk-desk Redaksi Penugasan reporter ke beat Reporter di tiap beat biasanya menggunakan sistem rolling dalam periode tertentu. Pertimbangannya untuk mencegah agar tidak terlalu dekat dengan narasumber hingga dapat bias dan tidak obyektif Rolling dilakukan untuk meluaskan jaringan wartawan dan penguasaan bidang desk-desk lain.

16 Flow kerja redaksi Reporter meliput berita Reporter menulis berita Editing oleh redaktur Editing oleh copy editor Proses Layout halaman Di tiap-tiap level flow ini, biasanya terdapat deadline yang harus dipenuhi masing- masing pemangku tugas….

17 Let’s get “the news beat” Useful link:

18 Defining your beat Beats usually fall in one of three categories: Territorial Defined geographically, such as a particular neighborhood, region, suburb or group of suburbs. Jurisdictional Defined by a government entity or set of entities, such as a school district or city or county government Topical Covers a particular issue across jurisdictional or territorial lines

19 Check out the boundaries of these specific beats: Business Tend to be topical, but some follow the jurisdictional model, only instead of covering a government entity you might cover a single major local company. Topical business beat: insurance, labor, manufacturing, personal finance, transportation Sports Tend to be topical or jurisdictional. Topical sports beats: soccer, F1.Moto Gp, golf Jurisdictional sports beats: La Liga Spain, English Premier League, Italian Serie A, Indonesian Liga Super Features and Entertainment Tend to be topical. Topical beats: fitness, family, popular culture, theater, movies, music

20 The beat description: outlines the tasks and territory of your beat. is an understanding between you and your editor of the expectations of the job. Sit down with your editor and make sure both of you have a clear understanding of the beat.

21 The beat description: Your beat description should be detailed, but it doesn't need to be long. It should include these basics: What topics and issues fall in your beat? What public and private institutions and organizations fall in your beat? Which regular meetings or other events will you always cover? Which will you sometimes cover? Where are the gathering places you need to frequent? Who are the officials you need to visit regularly? Who are the unofficial experts on the beat? What public records will you need to check to cover the beat?

22 Debrief your predecessor Unless your beat is new, debrief your predecessor or talk with other reporters who have covered your beat for advice. Your debriefing can take various forms. If your predecessor enjoyed the beat, she may be happy to share her experiences and mentor you. If she moved to a more desirable beat at your paper or left your paper on good terms, she should be willing and eager to share observations and experiences with you. Ideally, you would have a few days, even a week, to overlap with your predecessor.

23 Debrief your predecessor She can take you on the rounds and introduce you to sources. If your predecessor has left town, connect by telephone or or both. If he did not like the beat or left the beat under difficult circumstances, he may be reluctant to speak to you. Acknowledge the difficulty, sympathize and ask for help in avoiding the pitfalls. If your predecessor was unhappy when he left the newsroom, it might be a challenge to learn from him.

24 Debrief your predecessor On a new beat? While you don't have a direct predecessor, you should still talk to reporters who previously had some of the responsibilities of your new beat. Ask about the stories they wanted to do but never had the time to tackle. Ask about sources they developed and sources they heard about but never had the time to develop

25 Any questions?

26 Latihan dan diskusi…. Masuk dalam dan menjadi tanggung jawab desk manakah peristiwa- peristiwa atau isu yang terjadi sepekan ini?

27 Obama agendakan kunjungan ke Indonesia

28 Indonesia passes controversial film law A vendor pushes his cart past a cinema in Jakarta. Indonesia's parliament on Tuesday passed a controversial film law that requires more than half of movies shown in cinemas to be locally-produced and imposes restrictions on their content. (AFP/File/Jewel Samad)

29 Indonesia passes new environment bill A man saws a tree in the Lampesue forest at the Luwu district of Indonesia's South Sulawesi province September 8, Indonesia's parliament passed a new environment bill on Tuesday giving the Environment Ministry the power to revoke polluters' business licences, which environmentalists said could lead to more effective enforcement. Indonesia's rapid economic growth has been accompanied by widespread pollution of its waterways, soil and air, as well as the destruction of its forests and wildlife, prompting criticism from green groups and the World Bank. REUTERS/Yusuf Ahmad

30 Australia Govt to probe Balibo case in East Timor East Timorese people act during the filming of the Australian movie "Balibo" in Dili in Australia on Thursday admitted Indonesia was "surprised" at the sudden announcement of a war-crimes probe into the 1975 "Balibo Five" journalist killings but played down fears of a diplomatic row. (AFP/File/Mario Jonny Dos Santos)

31 Facebook ban for civil servants in Surabaya A woman (L) checks her online Facebook account at an Internet cafe in Jakarta in May The second biggest city in Indonesia has blocked local government employees from using three social networking services, including Facebook, due to a decline in productivity, officials said Wednesday. (AFP/File/Adek Berry)

32 Next week… Menggali berita Peliputan Berita News sources di wilayah beat


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