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Pen ~ an & Per ~ an Nouns Mostly abstract nouns Many come from verbs so element of action in their meaning Used in language where abstract concepts are.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Pen ~ an & Per ~ an Nouns Mostly abstract nouns Many come from verbs so element of action in their meaning Used in language where abstract concepts are."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Pen ~ an & Per ~ an Nouns Mostly abstract nouns Many come from verbs so element of action in their meaning Used in language where abstract concepts are required e.g. newspaper & magazine articles, books, academic writing, topics of economic, historical, political issues

2 Pe ~ an nouns Derived from me~ verbs Sound changes in men-verbs are found in pen-an words Memakaito use pemakaian use,usage Membaca pembacaan reading Membangunto build pembangunan devopment Membeli to buy pembelian the purchase Membuat to make pembuatan the making of Mendengarto hear pendengaran sense of hearing

3 Menginap to stay o/nite penginapan - accomm./motel Mengirimto send pengiriman the sending of Menulis to write penulisan the writing of Membicarakan to talk about pembicaraan talk/discussion Menduduki to occupy pendudukan occupation Menemukan to find penemuan discovery Mengetahui to know pengetahuan knowledge Menggunakan to use penggunaan use/usage

4 Per ~ an nouns Many per-an nouns comes from ber~ verbs Many have element of action in meaning Berbeda different perbedaan difference Berbuat to do, commit perbuatan act/beh. Berdagang to trade perdagangan trade Berjalan to walk perjalanan trip Bertani to farm pertanian farming Bertanding to compete pertandingan comp. Bertemu to meet pertemuan meeting

5 Temu Base word Men-kan verbber-verb Menemukanbertemu To find/find out s.t.To meet Pen-an nounper-an noun Penemuanpertemuan DiscoveryThe meeting

6 Kerja Base word Mengerjakanbekerja To do s.t.To work Pen-an nounPer-an noun PengerjaanPekerjaan The making of s.t./(The) work The craftmanship

7 Each of the following incomplete sentences contains a men-; men-kan;men-I or ber-verb. Use either pen-an or per-an noun construction. 1a.Tempat orang menginap namanya 1b 2a Para Menteri akan bertemu sore ini 2b 3a Petenis dari Amerika itu akan bertanding melawan petenis Australia. 3b

8 4a Louis Pasteur adalah orang yang pertama kali menemukan obat anti anthrax dan rabies. 4b ………………….nya sangat berguna bagi umat manusia. 5aJepang menduduki Indonesia tahun 1942 – bMasa …………………… itu pendek.

9 Other Pe ~ an Nouns Irregular verbs Bintang starperbintangan astrology Coba mencobapercobaan experiment filmmemfilmperfilman film industry Kotaperkotaan city areas Nikah menikahpernikahan wedding Pintameminta (to request) permintaan request Pustakareadingperpustakaan library Perguruan tinggi universitas, tertiary instit,

10 More irregular Pe ~ an nouns Gunungmtnpergunungan mtn area Desavillageperdesaan village area Kubur menguburkan – to bury perkuburan graveyard Mukimbermukim to settle permukiman s’ment

11 Latihan 2: complete the following MengalamiTo experiencePengalamanThe experience MerawatTo care for MengobatiTo treat medically BerkembangTo develop

12 MembukaTo open MenutupTo close MenderitaTo suffer MemeriksaTo check, inspect MemahamiTo com- prehend MenataTo arrange

13 Summary Most pen ~ an & per ~ an words are abstract nouns (some concrete nouns) Most derived from verbs & contain element of action. Many PEN ~ an nouns come from men- ; men= ~ kan & men ~ i verbs Many PER ~ an derive from ber~ verbs

14 Penataan rambuthair styling Perawatan kecantikan beauty care Peremajaan kulitskin rejuvenation Pelangsingan tubuh body slimming Penuaan dini premature aging Can you find the following : Bread making; language teaching; house buying; book publishing; letter writing; fund raising/collecting


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