Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Taksonomi Penelitian Epidemiologi Mugi Wahidin, SKM, M.Epid Prodi Kesehatan Masyarakat Univ Esa Unggul 2014/2015.

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "Taksonomi Penelitian Epidemiologi Mugi Wahidin, SKM, M.Epid Prodi Kesehatan Masyarakat Univ Esa Unggul 2014/2015."— Transcript presentasi:

1

2 Taksonomi Penelitian Epidemiologi Mugi Wahidin, SKM, M.Epid Prodi Kesehatan Masyarakat Univ Esa Unggul 2014/2015

3 Taksonomi Penelitian Epidemiologi O Berdasarkan tujuan: O Berdasarkan bingkai waktu O Berdasarkan ada tidaknya perlakuan O Berdasarkan penelusuran sebab-akibat O Berdasarkan pengambilan informasi faktor sebab & akibat

4 Berdasarkan tujuan O Descriptive studies O Mendeskripsikan kejadian suatu outcome O Analytic studies O Mendeskripsikan asosiasi antara exposure dan outcome

5 Berdasarkan tujuan O Epidemiologi Deskriptif O Menjelaskan distribusi masalah kesehatan terutama berdasarkan faktor orang, tempat dan waktu O Epidemiologi Analitik O studi mengenai determinants dari masalah kesehatan

6 Berdasarkan tujuan 1. Diskriptif: a. Laporan kasus b. Seri kasus c. Studi kros-seksional d. Studi ekologi 2. Analitik: a. Kros Seksional b. Kasus-kontrol c. Kohort d. Studi intervensi

7 Berdasarkan bingkai waktu (outcome dgn mulainya penelitian)

8 Timeframe of Studies O Prospective Study - looks forward, looks to the future, examines future events, follows a condition, concern or disease into the future time Study begins here

9 Timeframe of Studies O Retrospective Study - “to look back”, looks back in time to study events that have already occurred time Study begins here

10 time Exposure Study starts Disease occurrence Prospective cohort study Exposure Disease occurrence time Study starts

11 Retrospective cohort studies Exposure time Disease occurrence Case study Salmonella Study starts

12

13

14 Case control study Disease Controls Exposure ???? Retrospective nature

15 Berdasarkan ada tidaknya perlakuan O Experimental O Peniliti mempunyai kontrol terhadap pemaparan O Observational O Peneliti mengamati pemaparan yg terjadi secara secara alamiah (Peneliti tidak memanipulasi pemaparan)

16 Berdasarkan ada tidaknya perlakuan a. Penelitian observasional: 1. Penelitian diskriptif 2. Kasus-kontrol 3. Studi kohort b. Penelitian intervensi: 1. Trial/eksperimental 2. Penelitian kuasi eksperimental

17 Berdasarkan penelusuran sebab-akibat a. Tak ada: - Penelitian diskriptif b. Ada: 1. Ke depan (forward looking): dari exposure ke outcome a. Kohort prospektif b. Kohort retrospektif c. Studi intervensi 2. Ke belakang (backward looking) dari outcome ke exposure a. Kasus-kontrol

18 Berdasarkan pengambilan informasi faktor sebab & akibat 1. Informasi status sebab & akibat pada saat yang sama: Studi kros-seksional (potong lintang) 2. Informasi status sebab & akibat pada saat yang berbeda (sebab yg terjadi waktu yg lalu atau sedang berjalan): Studi longitudinal: a. Studi kasus-kontrol b. Studi kohort c. Studi intervensi

19 Longitudinal vs. Cross-sectional O Consider effect of smoking on lung cancer O Longitudinal study O Investigator classifies people into smokers (E+) and non- smokers (E-) as of 1970 O Investigator compares incidence of lung cancer in E+ and E- group accrued between 1980 and 2000 O Cross-sectional study O Investigator classifies people into ever-smokers (E+) and never-smokers (E-) O Investigator compares incidence or prevalence of lung cancer in E+ and E- group

20 Observational Study E E DZ - Cross-Sectional Study Study Design Exercise

21 Defined Population Gather data on exposure and disease Exposed, Have disease Exposed, Do not have disease Not Exposed, Have disease Not Exposed, Do not have disease Begin with Cross sectional design study 1

22 Study Design Exposure (Risk Factor) Disease (Outcome) _ _

23

24

25 E E DZ Observational Study DZ - Cohort Study Study Design Exercise

26 unexposed exposed Cohort studies

27 unexposed exposed Incidence among exposed Incidence among unexposed Cohort studies

28

29 Observational Study E E E E - DZ Case-Control Study Study Design Exercise

30 Case control study Disease Controls Exposure ???? Retrospective nature

31

32


Download ppt "Taksonomi Penelitian Epidemiologi Mugi Wahidin, SKM, M.Epid Prodi Kesehatan Masyarakat Univ Esa Unggul 2014/2015."

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google