Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

KEMAJIRAN KULIAH PENDAHULUAN MHS SM VII Mas’ud Hariadi Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS.

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "KEMAJIRAN KULIAH PENDAHULUAN MHS SM VII Mas’ud Hariadi Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS."— Transcript presentasi:

1

2 KEMAJIRAN KULIAH PENDAHULUAN MHS SM VII Mas’ud Hariadi Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA

3 Reproductive System

4 We are going to look into the function of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland.

5 Two essential organs of reproduction are located within the head of the animal. The hypothalamus controls: Body temperature, and the drive to eat and drink are just a few functions. It sends and receives neural signals through the nervous system and hormonal messages through the endocrine system. The pituitary gland, sits at the base of the brain. The pituitary is divided into two regions: the anterior and posterior pituitaries.

6 The female reproductive organs consist of the ovary, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva. Female reproductive tracts of various farm animals are similar to the cow, but differ primarily in the shape of the uterus and cervix.

7 The uterus of the cow is bipartite, while the uterine horns are relatively long and well developed. The uterus of the cow is bipartite, while the uterine horns are relatively long and well developed. The fertilized embryo moves from the oviduct into the uterine horn, where fetal development begins. The fetus grows within a layer of membranes called the placenta, where it is nourished. The fertilized embryo moves from the oviduct into the uterine horn, where fetal development begins. The fetus grows within a layer of membranes called the placenta, where it is nourished. ianrpubs.unl.edu/ beef/g537.htm Uterus

8 Ovaries The ovary, is responsible for two basic functions: The ovary, is responsible for two basic functions: Production of the female egg or ovum. Production of the female egg or ovum. Production of two primary reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Production of two primary reproductive hormones, estrogen and progesterone.

9 The oviduct begins as a funnel-shaped tube that engulfs the ovary. When ovulation occurs, the ovum is picked up by the infundibulum and channeled into the oviduct (also known as the Fallopian tube), where fertilization takes place if sperm are present.

10 Cervix The cervix has annular rings. It has thick walls that allow a passageway for sperm at mating and expulsion of the fetus at the time of birth. During pregnancy, the cervix is filled with a thick mucus secretion known as the cervical plug, which protects the uterus from infections entering from the vagina.

11 The vagina serves as a receptacle for the male's penis. The vagina serves as a receptacle for the male's penis. In the cow, the semen is deposited in the vagina near the cervix during natural mating with the bull. In the cow, the semen is deposited in the vagina near the cervix during natural mating with the bull. When artificial insemination is used, an insemination instrument is threaded through the vagina and cervix and semen is deposited at the uterine side of the cervix. When artificial insemination is used, an insemination instrument is threaded through the vagina and cervix and semen is deposited at the uterine side of the cervix. The external opening of the vagina is called the vulva. The external opening of the vagina is called the vulva.

12 Estrous Cycle The ovarian changes during a typical 21-day estrous cycle in which pregnancy does not occur. The ovarian changes during a typical 21-day estrous cycle in which pregnancy does not occur. The development and regression of the corpus luteum and of the follicles are continuous processes The development and regression of the corpus luteum and of the follicles are continuous processes

13 . This cycle of egg development in cattle is called the estrous cycle. The cow is a non seasonal polyestrous species. Which means a cow can have multiple estrous cycles throughout the year. Two prominent structures are present within the ovary, the follicle and corpora lutea.

14 Hormones Estrogen, prepares the pre-pubertal heifer and post-partum cow for cyclic sexual activity. Estrogen, prepares the pre-pubertal heifer and post-partum cow for cyclic sexual activity. Progesterone, secreted by the corpora lutea, suppresses the further development of follicles and the secretion of estrogen. High levels of progesterone and low levels of estrogen prevent a cow from coming into heat. Progesterone is necessary for preparing the uterus to receive the fertilized egg and maintains the proper uterine environment for continuation of pregnancy. Progesterone, secreted by the corpora lutea, suppresses the further development of follicles and the secretion of estrogen. High levels of progesterone and low levels of estrogen prevent a cow from coming into heat. Progesterone is necessary for preparing the uterus to receive the fertilized egg and maintains the proper uterine environment for continuation of pregnancy. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteninizing hormone (LH) are secreted & travel through the blood to the ovary. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteninizing hormone (LH) are secreted & travel through the blood to the ovary. FSH and LH are mediated by gonadotropic releasing hormone (GnRH) coming from the hypothalamus to signal their release from the pituitary. FSH and LH are mediated by gonadotropic releasing hormone (GnRH) coming from the hypothalamus to signal their release from the pituitary. FSH stimulates the growth, development and function of the follicle, while LH cause the follicle to rupture during ovulation and causes the subsequent development of the corpus luteum. FSH stimulates the growth, development and function of the follicle, while LH cause the follicle to rupture during ovulation and causes the subsequent development of the corpus luteum.

15 Placenta Classification is based on: Classification is based on: The gross shape of the placenta and the distribution of contact sites between fetal membranes and endometrium. The gross shape of the placenta and the distribution of contact sites between fetal membranes and endometrium. The number of layers of tissue between maternal and fetal vascular systems. The number of layers of tissue between maternal and fetal vascular systems.

16 A cow has a cotyledonary placenta. A cow has a cotyledonary placenta. Cotyledonary: Multiple, discrete areas of attachment called cotyledons are formed by interaction of patches of allantochorion with endometrium. The fetal portions of this type of placenta are called cotyledons, the maternal contact sites (caruncles), and the cotyledon-caruncle complex a placentome. This type of placentation is observed in ruminants. Cotyledonary: Multiple, discrete areas of attachment called cotyledons are formed by interaction of patches of allantochorion with endometrium. The fetal portions of this type of placenta are called cotyledons, the maternal contact sites (caruncles), and the cotyledon-caruncle complex a placentome. This type of placentation is observed in ruminants.

17 EFISIENSI REPRODUKSI INDEKS REPRODUKSI SERVICE PER CONCEPTION SERVICE PER CONCEPTION CONCEPTION RATE (CR) CONCEPTION RATE (CR) CALVING RATE CALVING RATE CALVING INTERVAL CALVING INTERVAL DAY OPEN DAY OPEN SERVICE PERIOD SERVICE PERIOD

18 Service per Conception (S/C) Dihitung pada kelompok ternak, dinyatakan dalam persen Dihitung pada kelompok ternak, dinyatakan dalam persen Banyaknya kali kawin sampai dengan terjadinya kebuntingan Banyaknya kali kawin sampai dengan terjadinya kebuntingan Jumlah straw yang di inseminasikan sampai dengan terjadinya kebuntingan Jumlah straw yang di inseminasikan sampai dengan terjadinya kebuntingan

19 Conception Rate (CR) Conception Rate (CR) atau laju konsepsi adalah jumlah (persen) sapi sapi yang bunting setelah kawin atau di inseminasi yang pertama. Angka yang ideal adalah 65% Conception Rate (CR) atau laju konsepsi adalah jumlah (persen) sapi sapi yang bunting setelah kawin atau di inseminasi yang pertama. Angka yang ideal adalah 65%

20 Calving Rate (CaR) Calving rate (angka kelahiran) adalah jumlah (persen) ternak yang melahirkan setelah kawin atau inseminasi yang pertama. Angka yang ideal adalah 65%. Calving rate (angka kelahiran) adalah jumlah (persen) ternak yang melahirkan setelah kawin atau inseminasi yang pertama. Angka yang ideal adalah 65%.

21 Calving Interval (CI) Calving interval atau jarak beranak adalah waktu antar beranak (beranak yang satu dan berikutnya). Waktu yang ideal adalah satu tahun. Calving interval atau jarak beranak adalah waktu antar beranak (beranak yang satu dan berikutnya). Waktu yang ideal adalah satu tahun.

22 Day Open (DO) Day open (DO) adalah waktu antara saat beranak dan timbulnya birahi pertama. Waktu yang ideal adalah 21 s/d 42 hari. Day open (DO) adalah waktu antara saat beranak dan timbulnya birahi pertama. Waktu yang ideal adalah 21 s/d 42 hari.

23 Service Period (SP) Service period (SP) adalah jarak (waktu) antara saat melahirkan sampai dengan bunting kembali. Idealnya adalah 3 bulan. Service period (SP) adalah jarak (waktu) antara saat melahirkan sampai dengan bunting kembali. Idealnya adalah 3 bulan.

24 KEMAJIRAN KE – MA – JI – RAN KE – MA – JI – RAN KE – MA – JIR – AN KE – MA – JIR – AN KE – MAJIR – AN KE – MAJIR – AN MAJIR? MANDUL STERIL MAJIR? MANDUL STERIL INFERTIL/TIDAK SUBUR INFERTIL/TIDAK SUBUR

25 HEWAN TIDAK SUBUR ATAU MAJIR FAKTOR – FAKTOR PENYEBABNYA ADALAH :  GANGGUAN HORMONAL  KESALAHAN PENGELOLAAN  PENYAKIT KELAMIN  KELAINAN ANATOMIS  PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN

26 GANGGUAN HORMONAL HORMON BERASAL DARI HIPOTALAMUS : GnRH HIPOTALAMUS : GnRH HIPOFISA ANTERIOR : FSH dan LH HIPOFISA ANTERIOR : FSH dan LH OVARIUM : ESTROGEN dan PROGESTERON OVARIUM : ESTROGEN dan PROGESTERON UTERUS : PROSTAGLANDIN UTERUS : PROSTAGLANDIN

27 INFERTILITAS/STERILITAS OLEH KARENA GANGGUAN HORMONAL  ATROPI OVARIUM  HIPOFUNGSI OVARIUM  KISTA OVARIUM : KISTA FOLIKULER dan KISTA LUTEAL KISTA LUTEAL  KORPUS LUTEUM PERSISTEN

28 KESALAHAN PENGELOLAAN KESALAHAN PENGELOLAAN BERAKIBAT : o NVO, ANESTRUS o DEFISIENSI NUTRISI o STRES

29 PENYAKIT KELAMIN AGENS (MIKRO ORGANISME) PENYEBAB :  KUMAN  VIRUS  JAMUR  PROTOZOA  MIKOPLASMA

30 KELAINAN ANATOMIS FAKTOR PENYEBABNYA : FAKTOR PENYEBABNYA :  GENETIK  KONGENITAL  PEROLEHAN

31 PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN BEBERAPA MACAM PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN YANG KURANG/TIDAK SERASI :  PANAS  PENGAP  PADAT  KOTOR  BECEK  LEMBAB  BISING  ANGIN KENCANG

32 THE END TERIMAKASIH ATAS PERHATIAN SAUDARA


Download ppt "KEMAJIRAN KULIAH PENDAHULUAN MHS SM VII Mas’ud Hariadi Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner Departemen Reproduksi Veteriner FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN HEWAN UNIVERSITAS."

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google