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Birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Mario Antonius Birowo Sejarah Komunikasi Manusia.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Mario Antonius Birowo Sejarah Komunikasi Manusia."— Transcript presentasi:

1 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Mario Antonius Birowo Sejarah Komunikasi Manusia

2 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014

3 Berita apa yang paling menarik hari ini? Tolong tunjukkan. Mengapa menurut Anda berita tersebut menarik? Apakah bermanfaat bagi Anda atau orang banyak? Apa fungsi berita tersebut? birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014

4 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Komunikasi adalah prasyarat kehidupan manusia Sejarah komunikasi manusia = sejarah peradaban manusia

5 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Awal Manusia Membangun Peradaban lewat komunikasi Bertujuan: Kepercayaan untuk memperoleh dukungan dari kekuatan magis Pendidikan bagi kaum muda Informasi tentang situasi lingkungan

6 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Cave Painting, Lascaux, France Paleolithic artists painted scenes in caves more than 15,000 years ago, such as the one here found in Lascaux, France. The leaping cow and group of small horses were painted with red and yellow ochre that was either blown through reeds onto the wall or mixed with animal fat and applied with reeds or thistles. It is believed that prehistoric hunters made these paintings to gain magical powers that would ensure a successful hunt. Cave Painting, Lascaux, France Paleolithic artists painted scenes in caves more than 15,000 years ago, such as the one here found in Lascaux, France. The leaping cow and group of small horses were painted with red and yellow ochre that was either blown through reeds onto the wall or mixed with animal fat and applied with reeds or thistles. It is believed that prehistoric hunters made these paintings to gain magical powers that would ensure a successful hunt.

7 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Bison of Altamira Bison and other animals, painted mostly in red, black, and mauve, form a spectacular ensemble on a ceiling within the prehistoric cave at Altamira, in Northern Spain. These drawings are estimated to date from approximately 13,000 to 14,000 years ago. Characteristic of prehistoric cave paintings, drawings, and engravings is the absence of a painted horizon line and the apparent lack of relationship between one image and those adjacent to it. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia

8 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Empat Sejarah Perkembangan Komunikasi (Everett M. Rogers) 1.Era komunikasi tulisan 2.Era komunikasi cetakan 3.Era komunikasi telekomunikasi 4.Era komunikasi interaktif

9 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Era komunikasi tulisan dimulai di Sumeria +/ SM. © Microsoft Corporation.

10 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Papyrus Scroll Before paper was invented, many people wrote on scrolls made out of the papyrus plant. By layering, wetting, and then drying layers of the plant’s cellulose together, people could create a fine writing surface. This hieroglyphic scroll is part of the Book of the Dead, from ancient Egypt. Its detailed illustrations demonstrate both the durability and quality of papyrus. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia Papyrus Scroll Before paper was invented, many people wrote on scrolls made out of the papyrus plant. By layering, wetting, and then drying layers of the plant’s cellulose together, people could create a fine writing surface. This hieroglyphic scroll is part of the Book of the Dead, from ancient Egypt. Its detailed illustrations demonstrate both the durability and quality of papyrus. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

11 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Pictorial Writing Sistem penulisan dengan menggunakan gambar sebagai representasi obyek  hieroglyphic system (The term is most commonly associated with the ancient Egyptian language) Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

12 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Tomb of Queen Amonherkhepsef In ancient Egypt, scribes used hieroglyphs to record state documents and important historical events. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

13 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Gutenberg Bible The Gutenberg Bible is the first book known to have been created with movable metal type. It was printed by Johannes Gutenberg in Mainz, Germany, between 1450 and The advent of movable type increased the efficiency of printing and the number of books that could be produced. More books and a more literate population, in turn, enhanced the spread of ideas throughout Europe, fueling the 16th-century Protestant Reformation in Germany. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia Era komunikasi cetakan dimulai th 1450, sejak Ditemukan handpress oleh Gutenberg

14 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Penemuan mesin cetak Gutenberg sangat berpengaruh di bidang komunikasi  bahkan mempengaruhi sejarah kehidupan manusia. Mengapa?

15 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Early Printing Press Invented by Johannes Gutenberg around 1450, the printing press made the mass publication and circulation of literature possible. Derived from the presses farmers used to make olive oil, the first printing press used a heavy screw to force a printing block against the paper below. An operator worked a lever to increase and decrease the pressure of the block against the paper. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

16 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Setelah penemuan mesin cetak, penyebaran informasi ke berbagai tempat dan tingkatan sosial masyarakat tinggal menunggu waktu

17 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014

18 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Revolusi industri abad ke 18 di Eropa mendorong kebutuhan akan informasi yang pesat Perdagangan produk2 industri dan penyebaran manusia memerlukan media komunikasi. Berbagai teknologi diupayakan untuk mendukung Penyebaran informasi secara cepat

19 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Telegraph Pictured here is a device constructed by Samuel Morse in 1844 that receives telegraph messages. The telegraph was invented concurrently by Morse and Sir Charles Wheatstone in Soon afterwards, construction of a telegraph communications network began; the first public telegraph message was sent in Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia Era Telekomunikasi dimulai dengan ditemukannya alat telegraf Oleh Morse

20 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014

21 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 JUNE 1896 Wireless Telegraph Patented In Great Britain, Italian electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi files for a patent for his wireless telegraph, an apparatus that is capable of sending signals to a point a few kilometers away by means of a directional antenna. On December 12, 1901, he receives the first transatlantic wireless communication—the Morse code letter "S." Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

22 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Culver Pictures Samuel Morse Although best known for inventing the telegraph and the Morse Code, Samuel F. B. Morse devoted over half his life to art and politics. He turned to projects like the telegraph only as alternative means of supporting his other careers. However, the telegraph was not an immediate success, and Morse was not financially secure until late in his life. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

23 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Inventor of the radio-signaling system, Italian electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi was the first to send wireless signals across the ocean. Prior to his invention, there was no way to communicate over long distances without telegraph wires to carry electric signals. His equipment played a vital role in rescuing survivors of sea disasters such as the sinking of the Titanic. He won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1909 for his work in wireless telegraphy. © Microsoft Corporation. Titanic  April 1912 RADIO

24 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Photo Researchers, Inc./Nicholas De Sciose Printing with an Offset Press An operator receives a finished page from a six-color offset press. Offset printing, also called lithography, is the most commonly used printing process for producing books, magazines, and newspapers. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

25 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Majalah, suratkabar merupakan bentuk media (yang di…) cetak

26 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014

27 RADIO birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi

28 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Televisi dimulai tahun 1933 di Amerika, siaran komersial pertama tahun an 2000-an

29 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Televisi di Indonesia

30 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Di Indonesia dimulai pada 24 Agustus tahun 1962 saat Asian Games IV disiarkan oleh TVRI. Sekarang diantaranya …. RB TV, Jogja TV, Tugu TV, Bali TV, Borobudur TV, ….FIAT TV (?)

31 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Era Komunikasi Interaktif dimulai dengan penemuan Mainframe Computer Computer networking

32 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Internet

33 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Online Media memungkinkan interaksi antar pihak-pihak yang terlibat dalam komunikasi

34 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Computers in the Classroom Elementary school students work on an assignment in their school’s computer lab. Some studies show that when used selectively by trained teachers, computers can enhance students’ academic performance. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Komunikasi Interaktif Di Pendidikan

35 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Era Komunikasi Interaktif Interactive Exhibit, Experience Music Project A visitor to the Experience Music Project in Seattle, Washington, uses a handheld computer to select audio commentary about Louis Jordan, an American jazz musician. The commentary is heard here. Many museums offer interactive technologies that allow visitors to customize their experience. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2004.

36 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Anda diharapkan dapat menjelaskan pentingnya perkembangan komunikasi manusia berdasar sejarahnya.

37 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) Internet Access Point

38 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Satellite Systems Cover very large areas

39 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Bluetooth Cable replacement for electronic devices –Cell phones, laptops, PDAs, etc. Short range connection ( m)

40 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Future Wireless Networks Ubiquitous Communication Among People and Devices Next-generation Cellular Wireless Internet Access Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks Smart Homes/Spaces Automated Highways In-Body Networks All this and more …

41 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014

42 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Multimedia Throughout the Home Without Wires n Wifi (Gigabits/sec) Wireless HDTV and Gaming Streaming video Blazing-fast data rates Seamless connectivity Coverage in every room

43 birowo/atma jaya yogyakarta pengantar ilmu komunikasi 2014 Media interaktif mampu membawakan bau


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