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INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE (Sistem Informasi dalam Perusahaan) Created By: 1.Hadi Prana Abadi 2.Tulus Suratno 3.Lizza Ayudita Lesmono 4.Yuli.

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Presentasi berjudul: "INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE (Sistem Informasi dalam Perusahaan) Created By: 1.Hadi Prana Abadi 2.Tulus Suratno 3.Lizza Ayudita Lesmono 4.Yuli."— Transcript presentasi:

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2 INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE (Sistem Informasi dalam Perusahaan) Created By: 1.Hadi Prana Abadi 2.Tulus Suratno 3.Lizza Ayudita Lesmono 4.Yuli Kurniawati Created By: 1.Hadi Prana Abadi 2.Tulus Suratno 3.Lizza Ayudita Lesmono 4.Yuli Kurniawati

3 I N THE FAST - PACED WORLD OF FASHION RETAILING, NOTHING SEEMS MORE IMPORTANT THAN TIME TO MARKET W ELCOME TO THE WORLD OF S PEED C HIC W ELCOME TO THE WORLD OF S PEED C HIC ---- A S A MANAGER, YOU ’ LL WANT TO KNOW EXACTLY HOW INFORMATION SYSTEMS CAN HELP YOUR COMPANY. Y OU ’ LL NEED TO UNDERSTAND WHICH TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS ARE AVAILABLE TO BUSINESSES AND WHAT THEY CAN DO FOR THEM. I N THIS CHAPTER, WE FIRST LOOK AT DIFFERENT WAYS OF CLASSIFYING INFORMATION SYSTEM - IS BASED ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL LEVEL, BUSINESS FUNCTIONS, AND BUSINESS PROCESSES THEY SUPPORT.

4 Tekhnologi informasi dan komunikasi membuat segala sesuatu menjadi lebih mudah

5 Business Challenges (Tantangan Bisnis) Business Challenges (Tantangan Bisnis) Management Organization Technology Information System (Sistem Informasi) Business Solutions (Solusi Bisnis)

6 ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEM Karena sistem ini mencakup seluruh set proses yang dilakukan oleh organisasi, seperti : - Manufaktur - Penjualan - Pembelian - Dan fungsi bisnis lainnya Kenapa Enterprise??

7 ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEM (EntIS) cont. Tujuan EntIS : Mengumpulkan dan menyebarkan data ke seluruh proses yang terdapat di sebuah organisasi EntIS menyediakan data yang digunakan manajer untuk membuat sebuah keputusan dalam merencanakan dan mengendalikan proses bisnis. Contoh EntIS : ERP : sistem yang memungkinkan manajemen atas seluruh sumber daya manufaktur (MRP) yang berasal dari area manufaktur. Tujuan EntIS : Mengumpulkan dan menyebarkan data ke seluruh proses yang terdapat di sebuah organisasi EntIS menyediakan data yang digunakan manajer untuk membuat sebuah keputusan dalam merencanakan dan mengendalikan proses bisnis. Contoh EntIS : ERP : sistem yang memungkinkan manajemen atas seluruh sumber daya manufaktur (MRP) yang berasal dari area manufaktur.

8 MAJOR TYPES OF SYSTEMS IN ORGANIZATIONS (Jenis-jenis utama pada sistem organisasi) MAJOR TYPES OF SYSTEMS IN ORGANIZATIONS (Jenis-jenis utama pada sistem organisasi) 1.Differents kinds of systems (Berbagai perbedaan jenis pada sistem) Senior Managers Strategic Level Middle Managers Operational Managers Management Level Operational Level Kind of information system Groups Served

9 Structure of Organizatinal Information System

10 Operational-Level System : Support operational managers by kepping track of the elementary activities and transactions of the organizations: Sales, Receipts, Cash deposits, Payroll, Credit Decisions, and the flow to materials in a factory. 1.Differents kinds of systems (Berbagai perbedaan jenis pada sistem) 1.Differents kinds of systems (Berbagai perbedaan jenis pada sistem) Management-Level System : serve the monitoring, controling, decision-making, and administrative activities of middle managers: Strategic-Level System : Help senior management tackle and address strategic issues and long-term trends, both in the firm and in the external environment.

11 2.Four Major Types on Systems: (Empat jenis Utama pada sistem) a. Transaction Processing Systems (TPS) (Sistem Proses Transaksi) Tr ansaction processing system (TPS) are basic business system that serve the operational level of the organization. Example are: sales order entery, Payroll, Employee record keeping b. Management Informations Systems (MIS) (Sistem Informasi Manajemen) MIS serve the management level of the organization, providing managers with reports and often online access to the organization’s current performance and historical records.

12 c. Decision – Support Systems (DSS) (Keputusan – Sistem Pendukung) Decision-Support System (DSS) also serve the management level of the organization. DSS help managers make decisions that are unique, rapidly changing, and not easily specified in advance. DSS help managers make decisions that are unique, rapidly changing, and not easily specified in advance. d. Executive Support Systems (ESS) (Sistem Pendukung - Eksekutif) Senior managers use executive support system (ESS) to help them make decisions. ESS serve the strategic level of organization.

13 2-3. TPS (Employee Data) Payroll System Payroll Master File Data elements in payroll master file Employee : Number Name Andrees Departement Occupation Pay Rate Vacation Time Gross pay Earnings Witholdings : Federal incoming fax State taz FICA Other Data elements in payroll master file Employee : Number Name Andrees Departement Occupation Pay Rate Vacation Time Gross pay Earnings Witholdings : Federal incoming fax State taz FICA Other The general ledger : Wages and salaries Government document Employee Checks Online queries: Earning Employee Number Employee Name Hadi Gross Pay 2000 Federal Tax 400 State Tax 400 FICA Payroll Management Reports

14 Penggunaan TPS dalam pendidikan ( Data Nilai Raport Siswa) Sistem Penulisan Raport File Master Nilai Siswa Data Siswa dalam Buku raport Siswa : Nomer induk Nama Alamat Mata Pelajaran Kelas Kehadiran Pesan Guru Buku Induk: Nilai-nilai Siswa Dokumen Sekolah Pengecekan oleh SIswa Online queries: Earning Nomer siswa Nama Siswa Hadi Nilai rata- rata 87 Peringkat 1 Kehadiran - Payroll Bukti Laporan Kepada Atasan

15 School Manager System

16 Ibnu Majah telah meriwayatkan dari Ibnu Umar radhiallahu ‘anhuma dan Thabrani meriwayatkan dari Jabi radhiallahu ‘anhu serta Abu Ya’la juga meriwayatkan dari Abu Hurairah radhiallahu ‘anhu, ia berkata, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,: أُعْطُوْا الاَجِيْرَ اَجْرَهُ قَبْلَ اَنْ يَجِفَّ عَرَقَهُ “Berikanlah kepada para pekerja sebelum keringatnya kering” Ibnu Majah telah meriwayatkan dari Ibnu Umar radhiallahu ‘anhuma dan Thabrani meriwayatkan dari Jabi radhiallahu ‘anhu serta Abu Ya’la juga meriwayatkan dari Abu Hurairah radhiallahu ‘anhu, ia berkata, Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,: أُعْطُوْا الاَجِيْرَ اَجْرَهُ قَبْلَ اَنْ يَجِفَّ عَرَقَهُ “Berikanlah kepada para pekerja sebelum keringatnya kering” We Have to Pay a Salary Employees on Time:

17 Dari Abu Hurairah radhiallahu ‘anhu yang diriwayatkan dari Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, beliau bersabda, Allah Ta’ala berfirman: ثَلاَثَةٌ اَنَاخَصْمُهُمْ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ رَجُلٌ اَعْطَى بِيْ ثَمَّ غَدَرَةٌ رَجُلٌ بَاعٌ حُراً فَأَكَلَهُ ثَمَنَهُ وَرَجُلٌ اَسْتَأْجَرَ اَجِيْرًا فَاسْتَوْفِي مِنْهُ وَلاَ يُعْطِهِ اَجْرَهُ “Tiga Jenis (manusia) yang Aku akan menjadi musuhnya kelak pada hari kiamat, yaitu: seseorang yang memberi dengan nama-Ku, kemudian berkhianat; seseorang yang menjual orang yang merdeka (bukan budak), kemudian memakan uangnya; dan seseorang yang mempekerjakan pekerja dan telah diselesaikan pekerjaannya, tetapi ia tidak memberikan upahnya.” Dari Abu Hurairah radhiallahu ‘anhu yang diriwayatkan dari Nabi shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, beliau bersabda, Allah Ta’ala berfirman: ثَلاَثَةٌ اَنَاخَصْمُهُمْ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ رَجُلٌ اَعْطَى بِيْ ثَمَّ غَدَرَةٌ رَجُلٌ بَاعٌ حُراً فَأَكَلَهُ ثَمَنَهُ وَرَجُلٌ اَسْتَأْجَرَ اَجِيْرًا فَاسْتَوْفِي مِنْهُ وَلاَ يُعْطِهِ اَجْرَهُ “Tiga Jenis (manusia) yang Aku akan menjadi musuhnya kelak pada hari kiamat, yaitu: seseorang yang memberi dengan nama-Ku, kemudian berkhianat; seseorang yang menjual orang yang merdeka (bukan budak), kemudian memakan uangnya; dan seseorang yang mempekerjakan pekerja dan telah diselesaikan pekerjaannya, tetapi ia tidak memberikan upahnya.” Dalam surah an Nasyrah ayat 7 dan 8: “maka apabila kamu selesai (dari sesuatu urusan) kerjakanlah dengan sungguh sungguh (urusan) yang lain. Dan hanya kepada Tauhanmulah hendaknya kamu berharap”

18 2-5. MIS Order Processing System Matrealis resource Planning System General Learder System MIS FILES Sales Data Unit Product Cost Data Product Change Data Expense Data Order File Production Master File Acounting files MIS Reports Manager

19 Model System Information in America schoolworksinc.com

20 DSS Ship file (e.g Speed capacity Port distance restrictions file Fuel Consumtion Cost file Ship Charter hire history cost file Port Expense file Analytical models database Online queries

21 Decision Support System (DSS)

22 a. Relationship of System to One Another Internal data TPS /MIS data Financial data Office system Modeling/analysis External Data dow Jones Internet news feeds standard & poor’s Menus Graphics Communications Local processing Menus Graphics Communications Local processing Menus Graphics Communications Local processing ESS

23 SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCITIONAL PERSPECTIVE (Sistem dari Satu persfektif fungsional) SYSTEMS FROM A FUNCITIONAL PERSPECTIVE (Sistem dari Satu persfektif fungsional) 1. Sales and Marketing Systems 2. Manufacturing and Production Systems The sales and marketing function is responsible for selling the organization’s products or services The manufacturing and production funcition is responsible for actually producing the firm’s goods and services.

24 INTEGRATING FUNCITIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES: INTRODUCTION TO ENTERPRISE APLICATIONS (Mengintregasikan Fungsi dan Proses Bisnis: Pengantar ke Aplikasi Perusahaan) INTEGRATING FUNCITIONS AND BUSINESS PROCESSES: INTRODUCTION TO ENTERPRISE APLICATIONS (Mengintregasikan Fungsi dan Proses Bisnis: Pengantar ke Aplikasi Perusahaan) 1. Business Processes and Information Systems (proses bisnis dan informasi) Business processes refer to sets of logically related activities for accomplishing a specific business result. 1. Business Processes and Information Systems (proses bisnis dan informasi) Business processes refer to sets of logically related activities for accomplishing a specific business result. 2. Systems for Enterprise Wide Process Integration (Sistem sebagai usaha untuk mengembangkan perusahaan) These enterprise applications consist of enterprise systems, supply chain management systems, customer relationship management systems, and knowledge management systems. 2. Systems for Enterprise Wide Process Integration (Sistem sebagai usaha untuk mengembangkan perusahaan) These enterprise applications consist of enterprise systems, supply chain management systems, customer relationship management systems, and knowledge management systems.

25 3. Overview Of Enterprise Aplications (Ikhtisar dari aplikasi perusahaan) a. Overview Of Enterprise Systems (Ikhtisar dari sistem perusahaan) Also known as enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems solve this problem by providing a single information system for organization-wide coordination and integration of key business processes. b. Overview of Supply Chain Management Systems (Ikhtisar dari sistem persediaan barang) Supply chain management (SCM) systems are more outward facing, focusing on helping the firm manage its relationship with suppliers to optimize the planning, sourcing, manufac- turing, and delivery of products and services. 3. Overview Of Enterprise Aplications (Ikhtisar dari aplikasi perusahaan) a. Overview Of Enterprise Systems (Ikhtisar dari sistem perusahaan) Also known as enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems solve this problem by providing a single information system for organization-wide coordination and integration of key business processes. b. Overview of Supply Chain Management Systems (Ikhtisar dari sistem persediaan barang) Supply chain management (SCM) systems are more outward facing, focusing on helping the firm manage its relationship with suppliers to optimize the planning, sourcing, manufac- turing, and delivery of products and services.

26 MANAGEMENT OPPORTUNITIES, CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS (Memenej Kesempatan, Tantangan, dan Solusi ) MANAGEMENT OPPORTUNITIES, CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS (Memenej Kesempatan, Tantangan, dan Solusi ) 1. Opportunities (Kesempatan) 2. Management Challenges (Tantangan Manajemen) a. Integration and the whole firm view b. Management and Employee Training c. Accounting for the cost of systems and managing demand for systems 2. Management Challenges (Tantangan Manajemen) a. Integration and the whole firm view b. Management and Employee Training c. Accounting for the cost of systems and managing demand for systems 3. Solutions Guidelines (Menemukan solusi) a. Inventorying the firm’s informations systems for a 360-degree view of information b. Employee and management education c. Accounting for the cost of systems and benefits of informations systems 3. Solutions Guidelines (Menemukan solusi) a. Inventorying the firm’s informations systems for a 360-degree view of information b. Employee and management education c. Accounting for the cost of systems and benefits of informations systems

27 Kenapa Perlu Menggunakan Teknologi Dalam Pendidikan? Motivasi – Menarik minat pelajar – Mengikat pelajar melalui hasil kerja – Meningkat persepsi kawalan Unique instructional capabilities – Menghubungkan pelajar kepada sumber maklumat – Membantu pelajar visualize masalan dan penyelesaian – Menjejak progres pelajar – Menghubung pelajar kepada alat2 pembelajaran

28 Sokongan kepada pendekatan baru – Pembelajaran kooperatif – Pembelajaran kolaboratif – Berkongsi kepintaran – Penyelesaian masalah dan kemahiran peringkat tinggi Kenapa Perlu Menggunakan Teknologi Dalam Pendidikan?

29 Meningkatkan Produktiviti Guru – Banyak masa untuk berkerja dengan murid2 dengan membantu hasil mereka dan merekod tugasan mereka. – Menyediakan maklumat dengan lebih tepat dan cepat – Membenarkan guru menghasilkan lebih perhatian kepada material mesera pelajar dengan lebih cepat. Kenapa Perlu Menggunakan Teknologi Dalam Pendidikan?

30 CONTOH PENGGUNAAN SISTEM INFORMASI DI LINGKUNGAN PENDIDIKAN

31 System Informations in the School

32 Student Administrations System Karachi.olx.com.pk Student Administrations System Karachi.olx.com.pk

33 School Management System Downloads.zdnet.com School Management System Downloads.zdnet.com

34 Globalbizzap.com

35 Smart School System Behance.net

36 Mengerjakan PR lebih mudah…

37 SIS is distinct from the other five schools at SMU in that we are the only academic unit within the university classified as under Singapore’s Science & Technology cluster of academic units as defined by the Ministry of Education. SIS is eligible for Singapore government funding schemes targeted for Science & Technology based university programmes and research institutes The Singapore Management University (SMU) is purposely created to be a premier university internationally recognised for research and education centred on “The World of Business, Organisations and Markets”. The SMU School of Information Systems (SIS) was created within this context to be similarly recognised internationally for its innovative research and education focused on Information Systems Technology, Information Systems Management, as well as problems and issues at the intersection of IS related technology and management. SIS At A Glance. Sis.smu.edu.sg SIS At A Glance. Sis.smu.edu.sg

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39 School Management System connect.in.com

40 Management Information Systems, at the Fox School : –mis.temple.edu The new social media enabled site for the top 10 ranked Department of Management Information Systems, at the Fox School of Business, Temple University.

41 Sistem informasi manajemen sekolah berbasis web

42 School Information System sas.openthinktabs.com

43 State requirement for Student Informations Systems Schoolworksinc.com School Works Student Information System keeps pace with state required data submittals. In the example above, you can see how SchoolWorks SIS is used to track the Kansas State Department of Education's "Kansas Individual Data on Students (KIDS)" data fields

44 Student Informations System "In this window the admins are able to create lists of students that attend a certain course"

45 School Management System businessfreesoftware.net

46 School Management System finaldownload.com

47 Sistem Informasi di Sekolah Sistem Informasi di Sekolah

48 Sistem Informasi Sekolah Sistem Informasi Sekolah

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