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Dr. May Valzon. Mata  ORBITA  KELOPAK MATA (PALPEBRA)  OTOT MATA  FASCIA MATA  APARATUS LACRIMALIS  BOLA MATA (BULBUS OCULI)  Vaskularisasi dan.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Dr. May Valzon. Mata  ORBITA  KELOPAK MATA (PALPEBRA)  OTOT MATA  FASCIA MATA  APARATUS LACRIMALIS  BOLA MATA (BULBUS OCULI)  Vaskularisasi dan."— Transcript presentasi:

1 dr. May Valzon

2 Mata  ORBITA  KELOPAK MATA (PALPEBRA)  OTOT MATA  FASCIA MATA  APARATUS LACRIMALIS  BOLA MATA (BULBUS OCULI)  Vaskularisasi dan inervasi

3 Orbita

4  Memiliki basis, apex dan 4 dinding:  Atap : pars orbitalis os frontale (utama), ala minus os spenoidale. Fossa lacrimalis  anterolateral  Dinding medial: os. Ethmoidale (utama).  Struktur lain: sulcus lacrimalis, fossa saccus lacrimalis  Dinding lateral: processus frontalis os.zygomaticus, ala mayus os sphenoidale  Lantai : maxilla, zymaticus dan palatina  Apex: terdapat canalis opticus dan fisurra orbitalis superior

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6 Otot mata  Otot ekstrinsik (ekstra-oculer) : Skelet  membuka palpebra dan pergerakan bola mata  Otot intrinsik : involunter  kecembungan lensa dan ukuran pupil  Gerakan bolamata: elevasi, depresi, abduksi, adduksi, intorsi, dan ekstorsi

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10 fascia orbita Periorbita  septum orbitalis + annulus tendineus communis Vagina bulbi = fascia bulbi = capsula tenon) Lemak orbita Ligamentum palpebralis: medial et lateral

11 Pembuluh darah orbita

12 INERVASI  NERVUS OPTICUS  NERVUS OCULOMOTORIUS  NERVUS TROCHLEARIS  NERVUS ABDUCENS  NERVUS OPTHALMICUS  SISTEM SARAF AUTONOM : PARA SIMPATIS DAN SIMPATIS

13 Nervus Opticus (NC II)  Bukan merupakan nervus cranialis sesunguhanya  jadi apa?  Diselubungi oleh meninges  lengkap  ↑↑ TIK  papiledema  opthalmosop

14 NC V1 Bercabang menjadi: 1.N. lacrimalis  hanya membawa sensoris glandula lacrimal 1.Di dekat ujung menerima cabang dari n. zygomaticotemporale (N V2)  membawa simpatis dan parasimpatis 2.N. frontalis  sensoris luar orbita, bercabgna dua: 1.N. supra-orbitalis 2.N. supra-trochlearis 3.N. nasociliaris 1.N. ciliaris longus 2.N. infra-trochlearis 3.N. ethmoidalis ant & post

15 Ganglion cilliare  Ganglion parasimpaticus NC III

16 PALPEBRA

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18  Disusun oleh (luar – dalam):  Kulit-- Septum orbitalis  Subkutan-- Tarsus dan m. levator P  Otot volunter (pars-- Konjunctiva palpebra palpebralis m. orbicularis oculi)  Kelenjar: glandula Meibom, glandula Moll, dan glandula Zeis  Konjunctiva  Konjunctiva palpebra  Fornix conjunctiva  Konjunctiva bulbaris

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21 Vaskularisasi dan inervasi  the supratrochlear, supra-orbital, lacrimal, and dorsal nasal arteries from the ophthalmic artery;  the angular artery from the facial artery;  the transverse facial artery from the superficial temporal artery  branches from the superficial temporal artery itself  Vena  mengikuti arteri  Limfe  lnn. parotid  Inervasi:  Sensoris : the supra-orbital, supratrochlear, infratrochlear, and lacrimal branches of the ophthalmic nerve [V 1 ]; the infra-orbital branch of the maxillary nerve [V 2 ]  Motoris: the facial nerve [VII], which innervates the palpebral part of the orbicularis oculi; the oculomotor nerve [III], which innervates the levator palpebrae superioris; sympathetic fibers, which innervate the superior tarsal muscle.

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23 Klinis  Loss of innervation of the orbicularis oculi by the facial nerve [VII] causes an inability to close the eyelids tightly and the lower eyelid droops away, resulting in a spillage of tears.  Loss of innervation of the levator palpebrae superioris by the oculomotor nerve causes an inability to open the superior eyelid voluntarily, producing a complete ptosis.  Loss of innervation of the superior tarsal muscle by sympathetic fibers causes a constant partial ptosis.

24 Aparatus lacrimalis Glandula lacrimalis Ductus lakrimalis Canliculi lacrimalis Saccus lacrimalis Ductus nasolacrimalis

25 Inervasi

26 Reflek lakrimasi Iritasi conjunctiva atau cornea r. Lakrimalis n. opthalmicus & n. infra orbitalis Otak Nucleus salivarius sup n. Facilais n.Spinalis segmen thorak superior Glnadula lakrimalis Lakrimasi Ganglion pterygoplatina Parasimpatis ganti neuron

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28 BOLA MATA (BULBUS OCULI)

29  Terdiri dari 3 lapisan:  Tunica fibrosa  5/6 post = sclera  1/6 ant = cornea  Tunica vascularis (tractus uvealis) = choroid, corpus cilliaris, iris  Tunica interna (retina)  Lamina pigmentosa  Lamina neuralis

30 Tunica fibrosa  Sclera: putih tak tembus cahaya  “putih mata”  F(x) : melindungi dan menjaga bentuk bola mata, tempat insertio musculi ekstrinsik  Berlanjut sebagai duramater  Cornea: transparan (1/6 anterior bola mata)  5 lapisan: epithelium, membrana bowmen, stroma, membrana descement, endothelium  Corneo-scleral junction (limbus)  Kaya vaskularisasi  Canalis schlemm

31 Tunica vascularis (uvea)  Choroid : kaya vascularisasi  berwarna hitam (kaya melanosit), f(X)= nutrisi retina  Lamina eksterna, Lamina choriocapilari, Membrana bruch  Corpus cilliaris  M. ciliaris  2 bundel otot polos  Processus ciliaris  oxytalan fibers/zonula, menghasilakan humor aqueous

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34 Iris  Pupil  mengatur cahaya, Ø 1 – 8 mm  Otot iris: M. dilator pupil dan M. spincter pupil  Vaskularisasi: a. siliaris anterior dan a.siliaris posterior longus  Inervasi : para simpatis / simpatis Gln. ciliaris r. Ciliaris brevis r. Ciliaris longus N. nasociliaris m. Spincter pupil m. Dilator pupil Trujnkus simpatik us sup N. III

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36 Ganglion siliaris

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38 Retina

39  Lamina pigmentosa:  Menyerap kelebihan cahaya  Fagosit  sel potoreceptor rusak  Penyimpan vit A untuk fotoreceptor  Lamina neuralis  Fotoreceptor : sel konus dan basilus  Sel bipolar  Sel ganglion

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41 Discus opticus dan vaskularisasi retina

42 Media refraksi mata  Cornea  Aqueous humor: dihasilkan oleh epithelium non pigmentosum corpus ciliary  Aliran: corpus cilliary  camera oculi post  pupil  camera oculi ant  angulus iridocornealis  sinus venosus sclera (canalis schlemm)  limbal plexus  v. Verticose dan v. Ciliaris ant  Glucoma: peningkatan tekanan intra oculi karena obstruksi pd angulus iridocornealis  Lensa  Viterous body

43 Lensa  Campsula lentis di gantung oleh lig. Suspensorium lentis (zonula fibers) dari processus ciliaris  Akomodasi oleh m. ciliaris oleh saraf simpatis  Rangsangan parasimpatis  kontaksi m. siliaris  longgarnya lig. Supensorium  lensa mencembung: untk melihat dekat  Hilangnya rangsang para simpatis  melihat jauh (lensa memipih) Corpus viterous  Berisi viterous humor (gel),  4/5 bola mata

44 Melihat (vision)

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46 Visual defect

47  Saccades  merubah pandang dg gerakan cepat  Smoot persuit system atau Vestibulo-ocular dan optokinetic system  fokus sewaktu bergerak  Gerakan horizonatal: PPRF  Gerakan vertikal Control neuronal pandangan

48 Figure 24.3 Summary of eye movement control. The central drawing shows the supranuclear connections from the frontal eye field (FEF) and the posterior eye field (PEF) to the superior colliculus (SC), rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (riMLF), and the paramedian pontine reticular formation (PPRF). The FEF and SC are involved in the production of saccades, while the PEF is thought to be important in the production of pursuit. The drawing on the left shows the brain stem pathways for horizontal gaze. Axons from the PPRF travel to the ipsilateral abducens nucleus innervating lateral rectus (LR). Abducens internuclear axons cross the midline and travel in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) to the portion of the oculomotor nucleus (III) innervating medial rectus (MR) of the contralateral eye. The drawing on the right shows the brain stem pathways for vertical gaze. Important structures include the riMLF, PPRF, the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (INC), and the posterior commissure (PC). Other abbreviations: DLPFC, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex; IV, trochlear nucleus; SEF, supplementary eye field; VN, vestibular nucleus.

49 ReflekpupilReflekpupil

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