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EKOSISTEM INTERRELATED Biotik x Abiotik INTERACT Autotrop x Heterotrop ENERGY FLOW & EXCHANGE FUNGSI INTERAKSI TERPISAH OLEH (1) SPACE: - GRENN BELT -

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Presentasi berjudul: "EKOSISTEM INTERRELATED Biotik x Abiotik INTERACT Autotrop x Heterotrop ENERGY FLOW & EXCHANGE FUNGSI INTERAKSI TERPISAH OLEH (1) SPACE: - GRENN BELT -"— Transcript presentasi:

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2 EKOSISTEM INTERRELATED Biotik x Abiotik INTERACT Autotrop x Heterotrop ENERGY FLOW & EXCHANGE FUNGSI INTERAKSI TERPISAH OLEH (1) SPACE: - GRENN BELT - BROWN BELT (2) TIME a) GRAZING CIRCUIT (DIRECT CONSUMPTION) b) ORGANIC DETRITUS CIRCUIT (Akumulasi + Dekomposisi Materi Yang Sudah Mati) DETRITUS = A Product of disintegration.

3 Evolusi Kehidupan Eukaryotes: Complex cells with organized structures inside called "organelles" (e.g., nuclei, mitochondria, chloroplasts). Protists, Fungi, Plants, and Animals are examples Prokaryotes: Simple cells without organelles. Bacteria, for example

4 DUA KOMPONEN EKOSISTEM ATAS DASAR TROPHIC 1.KOMPONEN AUTOTROP (Self Nourishing) 2.KOMPONEN HETEROTROP (Other- Nourishing) EKOSISTEM TERDIRI DARI 1. BAHAN ORGANIK (C, N, CO 2, H 2 O) 2. ORGANIK (Protein / Lemak, Karbohidrat) 3. IKLIM 4. PRODUSER (AUTOTROP) 5. MACRO CONSUMERS (HETEROTROP) 6. MICRO CONSUMERS # WIEGERT + OWENS (1970) 2 (DUA) TIPE HETEROTROP: (a) BIOFAGE (B) SAPROFAGE EKOSISTEM DIDASARKAN PADA FUNGSI 1. SIRCUIT ENERGI 2. FOOD ENERGI 3. EVOLUSI / SUKSESI 4. DIVERSITAS 5. SIKLUS NUTRIEN 6. KONTROL (Cyberactic)

5 Produser Phagotrophs Saprotrophs Three Functional Kingdom of Nature KONSEP EKOLOGI MODERN MELIPUTI: 1. UNIT EKOSISTEM (STRUKTUR + FUNGSI) 2. ADA INTERAKSI Positif / Negatif / Netral 3. ENERGETIC OF ECOSYSTEMS Produsen – Konsumen – energy flow 4. SIKLUS BIOKIMIAWI - REGULASI 5. FAKTOR PEMBATAS 6. SUKSESI KLIMAX 7. DISRUPTION + EXPLOITATION The Roles of Man ECOLOGICAL FACTORS 1. IKLIM 2. FISIOGRAFIK / TOPOGRAFIK 3. EDAFIK 4. BIOTIK

6 Beberapa Konsep Phagotroph: An organism that obtains nutrients through the ingestion of solid organic matter. This class of organism includes all animals from the simplest, single –celled animal (eg. Protozoa) to higher forms. Organism have some type of device to ingest particles, a digestive system, and a system to discard waste products. Saprotroph: an organism, usually a plant such as mold or a fungus, that consumes the tissue of dead plants or animals.

7 INTERACTION: ENERGI MINERAL, ROCK, SOIL ATM, Gas / angin Air, tanah Organism

8 Aliran energi

9 Siklus Materi vs Aliran Energi

10 Arah Aliran energi

11 Siklus Karbon

12 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAADADCBCADBDCADBCA Population of species ‘A’ A community of four species A, B, C, D Fig. 1-2 Diagrammatic sketch showing the population of species ‘A’ where Its individuals interact with each Other-population ecology Fig. 1-3 Diagrammatic sketch showing a community of four different species-A, B, C & D interacting with each other- population ecology

13 B A D B C B A A D A B A A A C B P P P P R R R R Q Q Q Q S S S S Y Z Y X Z X X X Z Z Y BIOMEBIOME Community 3 (under early succession) Community 1 (climax) dominant species ‘A’ Community 2 approaching To climax

14 EKOSISTEM PERAIRAN

15 KONTROL BIOLOGI Aktivitas Organisme dalam Ekosistem Lingkungan Abiotik + Komponen Kimia  The bigger the cities the more they demand... The greater the danger of damaging... PRODUKSI + DEKOMPOSISI Fotosintesis: Co 2 + H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2 materi C 6 H 12 O 6 CO 2 + H 2 O + cal. Respirasi: HOMEOSTASIS Dalam keadaan seimbang, sama/stabil Bila materi, energi mengalir dalam keadaan seimbang Ekosistem mampu: - self maintenance - self regulation Equilibrium

16 INTRODUCTION: THE SCOPE OF ECOLOGY BIOTIC COMPONENTS ABIOTIC COMPONENTS BIOSYSTEMS plus equals Matter energy Genes - Cells - Organs - Organisms - Populations - Communities Genetic Systems - Cells Systems - Organ System - Organismic Systems - Population System - Ecosystem Autecology = individu Synecology = groups  Forest


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