Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

DEFINISI & KARAKTERISTIK PRASARANA KOTA MATERI KULIAH PERENCANAAN PRASARANA WILAYAH DAN PERKOTAAN Pertemuan ke – 1 ( LANJUTAN )

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "DEFINISI & KARAKTERISTIK PRASARANA KOTA MATERI KULIAH PERENCANAAN PRASARANA WILAYAH DAN PERKOTAAN Pertemuan ke – 1 ( LANJUTAN )"— Transcript presentasi:

1 DEFINISI & KARAKTERISTIK PRASARANA KOTA MATERI KULIAH PERENCANAAN PRASARANA WILAYAH DAN PERKOTAAN Pertemuan ke – 1 ( LANJUTAN )

2 DEFINISI Prasarana = Infrastruktur Infrastruktur : ‘The Underlying foundation or basic framework of a system’

3 2 (two) Types of Infrastructure  Social Infrastructure : Consists of institutions – The people and the patterns of regular, repetitive interactions that transform input into outputs

4 2 (two) Types of Infrastructure  Economic Infrastructure Consists of physical infrastructure and the services derived from it to improve economic productivity and quality life Economic Infrastructure = Public Infrastructure

5 PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE Is defined as those services derived from the set of public works traditionally supported by public sector to enhance private sector production and to allow for household consumption Infrastructure includes services such as roads and transport systems, electric power, irrigation, telecommunications, and water supply and sanitation, both in the rural and urban dimensions

6 KARAKTERSITIK  Peran pokok infratruktur adalah dalam delivering of infrastructure services baik dalam produksi maupun konsumsi  Ada 2 (dua) dimensi, yaitu : Dimensi Fisik dan Dimensi Jasa pelayanan  Infrastrukstur = Prasarana Dasar Ekonomi  Pengadaan / Penyediaan Infrastruktur oleh Sektor Publik dan Sektor Swasta.

7 3 (tiga) Perspektif  Pemeliharaan  Permintaan  Competitive Markets

8 EKONOMI PRASARANA Keterkaitan Infrastruktur dengan Ekonomi bersifat ‘Complex and Multiple’  Langsung mempengaruhi produksi dan konsumsi  Banyak menciptakan eksternalitas (Spillover Effects) – Negatif dan Positif  Expenditures yang besar

9 EKONOMI PRASARANA  Aggregate Public Capital Expenditure and Aggregate Output  Physical Capital Stocks and Aggregate Output  Linking Infrastructure and Sectoral Output  Infrastructure and Regional Growth Differentials  Composition of public and private investment

10 Dampak Infrastruktur terhadap Pembangunan Ekonomi Kontribusi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi  Mempengaruhi marginal productivity of private capital  Investasi publik komplementer terhadap investasi swasta Kontribusi terhadap peningkatan Kualitas Hidup  Menciptakan amenities dalam lingkungan fisik

11 Infrastructure Potential For Competition Excludability RendahTinggi Rendah Public Goods  Urban roads  Local rural roads  Waterways  Highways  Waste water treatment Toll Goods  Toll Highways  Telecomunications  Port  Airport  Urban water system  Power transmission  Power distribution Tinggi Common Property Goods  Irrigation system  Rural water system  Hydro power genr.  thermal power genr  Storm drainage Private Goods  Road transport  Urban transport  Rail transport  Water storage  On farm irrigation

12 PENDEKATAN DEMAND Kebijaksanaan infrastruktur secara tradisional berorientasi pada supply, yang ditentukan terutama oleh dominansi elemen teknis dan kenyataan bahwa jasa pelayanan diselenggrakan secara monopoli dioperasikan oleh sektor publik atau keduanya.

13 PENDEKATAN DEMAND Memfokuskan pada peningkatan orientasi pada demand dan accountability dari jasa pelayanannya  Fokus pada Reliability of services  Perluasan competitive markets  Perluasan peran sektor swasta  Perluasan peran competition surrogates

14 PENDEKATAN DEMAND ‘Infrastructure decision are best approached from a bottom-up, micro level, rather than macro level top-down perspective’ Pengambilan keputusan Pembangunan Prasarana melibatkan 4 aktor :  Policy Makers  Infrastructure managers  Operational Staff  Users

15 PROSES PERENCANAAN INFRASTRUKTUR Yang Terfokus pada Demand : Merancang Infrastruktur Delivery System 1. Mengartikulasikan demand 2. Mendefinisikan demand 3. Mengukur demand dan Project benefits 4. Informasi setempat ( lokal ) 5. Managing Demand 6. Beyond Benefit / Cost Analysis

16 Mengartikulasikan Demand melalui :  Willengness and ability to pay  Govermental process to ensure that an economic and efficient quantity is produced  Govermental process to ensure that people have a minimum standard of living  Combination of three above

17 2. Mendefinisikan Demand berdasar :  Accessibility  Capacity  Diversity  Quality  Time  Condition  price


Download ppt "DEFINISI & KARAKTERISTIK PRASARANA KOTA MATERI KULIAH PERENCANAAN PRASARANA WILAYAH DAN PERKOTAAN Pertemuan ke – 1 ( LANJUTAN )"

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google