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Presentasi berjudul: "Chapter Ten: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Chapter Ten: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; any rental, lease, or lending of the program. The Interpersonal Communication Book 11th Ed. The Interpersonal Communication Book 11th Ed. Joseph A. DeVito

2 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon2 Communication is to a relationship what breathing is to maintaining life. Virginia Satir

3 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon3  STAGES IN RELATIONSHIPS

4 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon4

5 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon5 Contact Perceptual contact : see, hear, read a message from or perhaps smell the person  Form a mental & physical picture : gender,approximate age, beliefs, values, height  Interactional  Contact is superficial & relatively impersonal  Exchange basic information that is preliminary to any more intense  Initiate interaction and engage in invintational communication

6 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon6 I. Contact  Contact stage is the time of “ First impression”  Remind : communication is unrepetable  Face to face interaction, physical appearance is important  Stage at which you’d begin flirting with a potential romantic partner

7 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon7 Manajemen Kesan  Usaha mempengaruhi perilaku orang lain  Melalui tindakan,bahasa tubuh, cara berbicara, individu berusaha mempengaruhi persepsi orang atas dirinya  Memobilisasikan sumber,gaya, kreativitas untuk menampilkan kesan yg menggambarkan kesan positif

8 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon8 Taktik Manajemen Kesan  Mengambil hati (ingratiation) : individu berusaha dipandang positif dengan memuji orang lain/menawarkan bantuan  Self Promotion: menunjukkan & mengeluarkan kemampuan dan kompetensi  Memberi contoh ( exempification): berusaha dianggap sbg orang yg berdedikasi dan berkinerja kerja diatas rata- rata/melapaui yg diminta oleh tugas  Memohon (Symplication): berusaha dianggap sbg seseorang yg memerlukan bantuan karena keterbatasan mereka  Intimidasi : individidu berusaha dipandang seseorang yg memiliki kekuatan dan mengancam

9 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon9

10 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon10 2. INVOLVEMENT  Involvement stage of relationships : a sense of mutually, of being connected development  experiment & try to learn more about another person  A kind of testing goes on

11 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon11 Testing Strategies  Directness : ask your partner directly how he or she feels  Indirect suggestions : joke about a share future together, touch more intimately or hint that you’re serious about the relationships  Public presentations: introduce your partnert as a boy or girl friend, see your partner respond.  Third party: you ask mutual friends about your partner’s feelings and intentions

12 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon12 3. Intimacy Stage  You commit your self still further to other person and establish a relationships  The quantity & quality of your interpersonal exchanges increase (Sommer- Emmers 2004)  You also talk more and in greater detail about the relationships (Knobloch, Haunani,& Theis,2006)  You also came to share each other’s social network ( Gao & Gudykunts,1995)

13 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon13 Intimacy Stage  Commitment  Social Bonding  Anxiety ( Zimmer,1986)  Security  Fulfillment  Excitement

14 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon14 Stages in Interpersonal Relationships - Intimacy  Commitment  Social Bonding  Anxiety  Risk  Social Penetration

15 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon15 Teori Penetrasi Sosial : Altman & Taylor  Proses meningkatnya keintiman dalam suatu hubungan.  Makin komunikator mengenal satu sama lain, makin bersifat antar pribadi  Suatu hubungan akan bergerak dalam proses dari tidak akrab/impersonal ke tingkat yg lebih akrab/intim (Atlman & Taylor)  Penetrasi sosial mengacu pada :  (1) perilaku antar pribadi yg terjadi pada interaksi sosial.  (2) proses – proses subyektif yg internal yg mendahului, mendampingi & mengikuti pertukaran sosial

16 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon16 4. Deterioration  Dissatisfaction  Interpersonal Deterioration  Depenetration

17 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon17  Intrapersonal Repair  Interpersonal Repair Repair

18 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon18 Intrapersonal repair  analyze what when wrong and considers ways of solving your relational difficulties  Consider changing you’re your behaviors  Evaluate the rewards of your relationship

19 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon19 Interpersonal repairs  Talk about the problems in the relationships  The changes you wanted to see, what you willing to do & what your partner to do  Negotiating a new agreements and news behaviours.

20 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon20 Dissolution  Interpersonal Separation  Social/Public Separation

21 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon21

22 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon22 Implications of the Model of Relationships  Tool for Talking about Relationships  Dynamic Tensions within Stages  Suggests the Various Paths Available  Movement Usually Gradual  Movement Depends on Communication Skills

23 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon23  Stage Model is American Culture-Centric  Who Chooses?  Is it Voluntary?  Hard to Break Up?  Size of Pool?  Permanent or Temporary?  Stage Model is Heterosexual Relationships and Culture Microsoft Image

24 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon24 Online Relationships  Newsgroups  Chat Rooms  MOOs Relationships and Technology Microsoft Image

25 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon25 Advantages of Online Relationships  Safe  Inner Qualities Communicated First  Number of People Available is Vast Relationships and Technology

26 Chapter 10: Universals of Interpersonal Relationships Copyright © 2007 Allyn and Bacon26 Disadvantages of Online Relationships  Can’t See the Person  No Face or Voice  Possible Deception  Can Become All Consuming Relationships and Technology Microsoft Image


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