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QS. An Nahl, 16:68 Dan Tuhanmu mewahyukan kepada lebah: "Buatlah sarang-sarang di bukit- bukit, di pohon-pohon kayu, dan di tempat-tempat yang dibikin.

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Presentasi berjudul: "QS. An Nahl, 16:68 Dan Tuhanmu mewahyukan kepada lebah: "Buatlah sarang-sarang di bukit- bukit, di pohon-pohon kayu, dan di tempat-tempat yang dibikin."— Transcript presentasi:

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2 QS. An Nahl, 16:68 Dan Tuhanmu mewahyukan kepada lebah: "Buatlah sarang-sarang di bukit- bukit, di pohon-pohon kayu, dan di tempat-tempat yang dibikin manusia",

3 QS. An Nahl, 16:69 kemudian makanlah dari tiap-tiap (macam) buah- buahan dan tempuhlah jalan Tuhanmu yang telah dimudahkan (bagimu). Dari perut lebah itu keluar minuman (madu) yang bermacam-macam warnanya, di dalamnya terdapat obat yang menyembuhkan bagi manusia. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu benar-benar terdapat tanda (kebesaran Tuhan) bagi orang-orang yang memikirkan.

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5 Betina Jantan Betina

6 …(madu) yang bermacam-macam warnanya…

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12 Awet Ribuan Tahun

13 Ribuan Tahun Masih Layak Konsumsi

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17 Super-Food: Nirkadaluarsa & Obat Mujarab 2. Hidrogen Peroksida 1. Kadar Gula 5. Zat Fenolik 4. Peptida Antikuman 3. Tingkat Keasaman

18 1. Kadar Gula: ±70-80%

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21 + 22 Gula lebih kompleks lainnya

22 TABLE 2.-Carbohydrate composition of honey types Number of samples Floral type DextroseLevuloseSucroseMaltose Higher Sugars Percent 23Alfalfa Alfalfa-sweetclover Aster Basswood Blackberry Buckwheat Buckwheat, wild “Clover “ Clover, alsike Clover, crimson Clover, Hubam Cotton Fireweed Gallberry Goldenrod Heartsease Holly Honeydew, cedar Honeydew, oak Horsemint Locust, black Loosestrife, purple Mesquite Orange, California Orange, Florida Raspberry Sage Sourwood Star-thistle Sweetclover Sweetelover, yellow Tulip tree Tupelo Vetch Vetch, hairy White clover Percent DextroseLevuloseSucroseMaltose Higher sugars BEEKEEPING IN THE UNITED STATES AGRICULTURE HANDBOOK NUMBER 335

23 1. Kadar Gula Larutan Gula 70-80% Osmosis Dehidrasi

24 Super-Food: Nirkadaluarsa & Obat Mujarab 2. Hidrogen Peroksida 1. Kadar Gula 5. Zat Polifenolik 4. Peptida Antikuman 3. Tingkat Keasaman

25 Hidrogen Peroksida (H 2 O 2 )

26 Glukosa (dari nektar) Sukrosa (dari nektar) Invertase (dalam perut lebah) Glukosa Asam glukonat + Hidrogen peroksida Glukosa oksidase (dalam perut lebah) Glukosa oksidase (dalam perut lebah) Fruktosa+ H 2 O + O 2

27 Hidrogen Peroksida (H 2 O 2 ) Hidrogen peroksida/ Dihidrogen dioksida (H 2 O 2 ) Air/ Didrogen oksida (H 2 O)

28 + energi panas Hidrogen Peroksida (H 2 O 2 )

29 Pembersih kuman Obat kumur Hidrogen peroksida/ Dihidrogen dioksida (H 2 O 2 ) Pemutih industri kertas, detergent, Pemutih gigi, rambut Bahan bakar roket

30 Super-Food: Nirkadaluarsa & Obat Mujarab 2. Hidrogen Peroksida 1. Kadar Gula 5. Zat Polifenolik 4. Peptida Antikuman 3. Tingkat Keasaman  

31 pH madu = 3 – 4,5 Sekitar 18 jenis asam: asam format, asam asetat, asam butirat, asam laktat, asam oksalat, asam suksinat, asam tartarat, asam malat, asam piruvat, asam piroglutamat, asam a- ketoglutarat, asam glukollat, asam sitrat, asam maleat, asam 2- atau 3-fosfogliserat, asam a- atau B-gliserofosfat, dan glukosa fosfat.

32 Super-Food: Nirkadaluarsa & Obat Mujarab 2. Hidrogen Peroksida 1. Kadar Gula 5. Zat Polifenolik 4. Peptida Antikuman 3. Tingkat Keasaman

33 4. Peptida Antikuman: “Bee Defensin”

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35 Figure 2. Electron micrographs of negatively stained Bacillus subtilis either untreated (A) or treated by lucifensin (Lucilia sericata’s defensin) for 60 min (B). Scale bars represent 1 µm.

36 Super-Food: Nirkadaluarsa & Obat Mujarab 2. Hidrogen Peroksida 1. Kadar Gula 5. Zat Polifenolik 4. Peptida Antikuman 3. Tingkat Keasaman

37 6. Mikroba Probiotik

38 5. Zat Polifenolik could serve as a good source of natural antioxidants effective in reducing the risk of the occurrence of – heart disease, – cancer, – cataracts, – different inflammatory processes and – immuno-system decline.

39 Super-Food: Nirkadaluarsa & Obat Mujarab 2. Hidrogen Peroksida 1. Kadar Gula 5. Zat Polifenolik 4. Peptida Antikuman 3. Tingkat Keasaman

40 6. Mikroba Probiotik

41 Alejandra Vasquez, a researcher at Lund University: In wild and fresh honey, which honey hunters collect from bees’ nests in high cliffs and trees, there are billions of healthy lactic acid bacteria of 13 different types. This is in comparison with the 1-3 different types found in commercial probiotic products, she explains. The honey bees have used these bacteria for 80 million years to produce and protect their honey and their bee bread (bee pollen), which they produce to feed the entire bee colony. The researchers have now also shown that the healthy lactic acid bacteria combat the two most serious bacterial diseases to affect honey bees.

42 Figure 2. In vitro visualization of lactobacilli. In vitro visualization of lactobacilli attached to the wall of a honeybee crop using SEM.A, B and C show different areas of a honey crop at similar magnification with visible attachment structures resembling extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). D shows a larger part of the crop with attached bacteria. Photographer Lennart Nilsson. doi: /journal.pone g002 Vásquez A, Forsgren E, Fries I, Paxton RJ, et al. (2012) Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees. PLoS ONE 7(3): e doi: /journal.pone

43 Figure 3. In vivo visualization of LAB biofilm. The red fluorescence shows live-stained bacteria in a LAB biofilm attached to a honey crop. The green fluorescence shows the nuclei of the honeybee crop cells. The visualized tissue shows a projection of 112 confocal z-sections (through a 37.6 µm z-depth, covering a xy-area of 246×246 µm). Vásquez A, Forsgren E, Fries I, Paxton RJ, et al. (2012) Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees. PLoS ONE 7(3): e doi: /journal.pone

44 Figure 4. LAB rescue of honeybee larvae from European Foulbrood. Proportion dead larvae in both replicates (total number dead after 21 days). Data presented as a mean for the three groups fed M. plutonius (10 7, 10 6 and10 5 bacteria ml −1 ), and the 3 groups fed M. plutonius and LAB. Irrespective of infectious dose, the overall effect from the LAB supplement was a significantly reduced mortality in the treated groups. Mortality in the uninfected control groups was <7%. Vásquez A, Forsgren E, Fries I, Paxton RJ, et al. (2012) Symbionts as Major Modulators of Insect Health: Lactic Acid Bacteria and Honeybees. PLoS ONE 7(3): e doi: /journal.pone

45 …di dalamnya terdapat obat yang menyembuhkan bagi manusia…

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47 Neonatal IV infiltrate treated with medical grade honey

48 Traumatic leg wound in teen – treated with medical honey, wound vac and collagen.

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51 Before and after shot of topical honey treatment for 3 weeks. You're welcome. Adapted from Efem (1988)

52 Workers package Medihoney wound and burn dressing at the Derma Sciences manufacturing facility in Toronto.

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54 Kelebihan Lain Madu Sebagai Obat Luka Tidak perih Tidak menjadikan perban merekat pada luka Tidak bersifat racun pada sel mamalia Melawan beragam jenis mikroba penyakit Tidak memicu kekebalan mikroba penyakit

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