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Perangkat Lunak Sistem

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Presentasi berjudul: "Perangkat Lunak Sistem"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Perangkat Lunak Sistem
Raisul Azhar STMIK Bumigora Mataram

2 Macam-macam Perangkat Lunak
Sistem Operasi Utilitas; Untuk pengendalian/pengalokasian sumber daya komputer; scandisk, TAR Device Driver;untuk membantu komputer mengendalikan piranti-piranti periperal. Languange Translator; program yang menterjemahkan program yg dibuat, agar dapat dijlankan oleh komputer

3 Sistem Operasi adalah perangkat lunak sistem yang bertugas untuk melakukan kontrol dan manajemen perangkat keras serta operasi-operasi dasar sistem, termasuk menjalankan software aplikasi seperti program-program pengolah kata dan browser web

4 Fungsi sistem operasi Manajemen Proses; penyiapan,penjadwalan dan pemantauan proses komputer Manajemen Sumber Daya; software/hardware Manajemen Data; pengendalian I/O, memori

5 Software System/Support System
Adalah: Program untuk mengontrol sumber daya komputer, baik yang bersifat internal/external ; RAM/Printer Kedudukan; sebagai perantara antara program aplikasi dan perangkat keras

6 Sofware system Operating System; perangkat lunak sistem yang bertugas untuk melakukan kontrol dan manajemen perangkat keras serta operasi-operasi dasar sistem, termasuk menjalankan software aplikasi seperti program-program pengolah kata dan browser web; windows,unix,linux Utilitas; perangkat lunak yang berhubungan dengan pengendalian/pengalokasian sumber daya dalam sistem komputer; Scandisk,TAR Device Driver; program pengendali piranti periperal Language traslator; program yang menterjemahkan program yang dibuat oleh pemrogram menjadi bentuk yang dapat dijalankan oleh komputer secara langsung

7 Struktur Sistem Operasi
Kernel File Management System User Interface

8 Fungsi Dasar Sistem Operasi
start the computer provide a user interface manage programs administer security manage memory control a network provide file management and other utilities monitor performance establish an Internet connection schedule jobs and configure devices p. 392 Fig. 8-1 Next

9 Fungsi Dasar Sistem Operasi
File and Folder Management Applications Management Support for built-in utility programs Computer hardware control

10 Booting Cold booting, menghidupkan komputer dalam keadaan mati (off)
Warm booting, restart.

11 Klasifikasi Sistem Operasi
Multiprogramming Multitasking Penyimpanan Virtual Time Sharing Multiprocessing Multiuser when two or more users can work with programs and share peripheral devices (printer, scanner, fax) Multitasking multiple applications operated at the same time Multiprocessing more than one CPUs that can be shared Multithreading smaller parts of a program are loaded when needed by OS

12 Pembagian Sistem Operasi
Mainframes Embedded System Unix-like Operating System Mac OS Microsoft Windows Network OS WebOS

13 Mainframes Mainframes run multiple operating systems and operate not as a single computer but as a number of virtual machines. They are typically manufactured by large companies for large-scale computing purposes

14 Mainframes z/OS from IBM While IBM System z™ servers are supported by a number of different operating systems, their most advanced features are powered by z/OS

15 Embedded Systems Embedded systems are special-purpose systems in which the computer is completely encapsulated by the device it controls. Embedded systems perform pre-defined tasks that have very specific requirements. Real-time operating systems are embedded systems with certain time requirements

16 Embedded Systems Symbian OS for smartphone
Cisco IOS for router and switch iPodLinux for ipods Windows CE.Net Windows Mobile 2003

17 Unix-like OS The operating system Unix was developed in 1960 by a group of AT&T employees. Free Unix-like operating systems can be used, studied, modified and redistributed by anyone with no restrictions.

18 Unix-like OS It's a diverse group of operating systems with several major sub-categories including BSD, and Linux. Unix like operating systems run on a variety of computers but more frequently on server systems and in academic and engineering environments due to high stability for any kind of processing

19 Unix-like OS Ubuntu FreeBSD openSUSE Debian Fedora

20 Mac OS Apple's Macintosh OS is an operating system with a very innovative and unique design. The history of the company behind it, Apple, that's been around since 1976 is fascinating and so is its cool operating system Mac OS. Leopard merupakan versi Mac OS terbaru (http://www.apple.com/macosx/)

21 Microsoft OS Windows Version Year Released Windows 3.x 1990
Windows NT Windows Windows NT WS Windows Windows ME 2000 Windows 2000 Professional 2000 Windows XP 2001 Windows Vista 2006

22 Network OS Sistem Operasi yang berbasis jaringan Contoh:
Novell Netware Windows Server 2003 Linux Solaris (Sun)

23 WebOS The WebOS (Web Operating System) represent a new form of virtual operating system that runs directly in your browser. The main advantages of a web operating system is that you can access it from anywhere but it's very arguable if it's really an operating system or not because it runs over a browser window and have no relation whatsoever with the hardware and its drivers. You will still need an operating system to run a WebOS.

24 WebOS DesktopTwo (http://desktoptwo.com) G.ho.st (http://g.ho.st)
YouOS (http://youos.com) BrowserOS (http://oos.cc) eyeOS (http://eyeos.org)

25 DesktopTwo

26 youOS

27 eyeOS

28 Most Popular Survey menurut MarketShare (2007)

29 Most Popular Survey menurut RIPE host count berdasarkan OS yang terhubung ke internet.

30 Program Utilitas Antivirus Firewall Compression Software
Media Player Software Burning Software dll

31 Top 10 Antivirus (TopTenReviews)

32 Terima Kasih


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