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Perangkat Lunak Sistem Raisul Azhar STMIK Bumigora Mataram

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Presentasi berjudul: "Perangkat Lunak Sistem Raisul Azhar STMIK Bumigora Mataram"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Perangkat Lunak Sistem Raisul Azhar STMIK Bumigora Mataram

2 Macam-macam Perangkat Lunak  Sistem Operasi  Utilitas; Untuk pengendalian/pengalokasian sumber daya komputer; scandisk, TAR  Device Driver;untuk membantu komputer mengendalikan piranti-piranti periperal.  Languange Translator; program yang menterjemahkan program yg dibuat, agar dapat dijlankan oleh komputer

3 Sistem Operasi  adalah perangkat lunak sistem yang bertugas untuk melakukan kontrol dan manajemen perangkat keras serta operasi-operasi dasar sistem, termasuk menjalankan software aplikasi seperti program-program pengolah kata dan browser web

4 Fungsi sistem operasi  Manajemen Proses; penyiapan,penjadwalan dan pemantauan proses komputer  Manajemen Sumber Daya; software/hardware  Manajemen Data; pengendalian I/O, memori

5 Software System/Support System  Adalah: Program untuk mengontrol sumber daya komputer, baik yang bersifat internal/external ; RAM/Printer  Kedudukan; sebagai perantara antara program aplikasi dan perangkat keras

6 Sofware system  Operating System; perangkat lunak sistem yang bertugas untuk melakukan kontrol dan manajemen perangkat keras serta operasi-operasi dasar sistem, termasuk menjalankan software aplikasi seperti program-program pengolah kata dan browser web; windows,unix,linux  Utilitas; perangkat lunak yang berhubungan dengan pengendalian/pengalokasian sumber daya dalam sistem komputer; Scandisk,TAR  Device Driver; program pengendali piranti periperal  Language traslator; program yang menterjemahkan program yang dibuat oleh pemrogram menjadi bentuk yang dapat dijalankan oleh komputer secara langsung

7 Struktur Sistem Operasi Kernel File Management System User Interface

8 Fungsi Dasar Sistem Operasi Next p. 392 Fig. 8-1 monitor performance provide a user interface provide file management and other utilities establish an Internet connection control a network administer security start the computermanage programs schedule jobs and configure devices manage memory

9 Fungsi Dasar Sistem Operasi File and Folder ManagementApplications ManagementSupport for built-in utility programsComputer hardware control

10 Booting  Cold booting, menghidupkan komputer dalam keadaan mati (off)  Warm booting, restart.

11 Klasifikasi Sistem Operasi when two or more users can work with programs and share peripheral devices (printer, scanner, fax) Multiuser multiple applications operated at the same time Multitasking more than one CPUs that can be shared Multiprocessing smaller parts of a program are loaded when needed by OS Multithreading  Multiprogramming  Multitasking  Penyimpanan Virtual  Time Sharing  Multiprocessing

12 Pembagian Sistem Operasi  Mainframes  Embedded System  Unix-like Operating System  Mac OS  Microsoft Windows  Network OS  WebOS

13 Mainframes  Mainframes run multiple operating systems and operate not as a single computer but as a number of virtual machines.  They are typically manufactured by large companies for large-scale computing purposes

14 Mainframes  z/OS from IBM While IBM System z™ servers are supported by a number of different operating systems, their most advanced features are powered by z/OS 

15 Embedded Systems  Embedded systems are special-purpose systems in which the computer is completely encapsulated by the device it controls.  Embedded systems perform pre-defined tasks that have very specific requirements.  Real-time operating systems are embedded systems with certain time requirements

16 Embedded Systems  Symbian OS for smartphone  Cisco IOS for router and switch  iPodLinux for ipods  Windows CE.Net  Windows Mobile 2003

17 Unix-like OS  The operating system Unix was developed in 1960 by a group of AT&T employees.  Free Unix-like operating systems can be used, studied, modified and redistributed by anyone with no restrictions.

18 Unix-like OS  It's a diverse group of operating systems with several major sub- categories including BSD, and Linux.  Unix like operating systems run on a variety of computers but more frequently on server systems and in academic and engineering environments due to high stability for any kind of processing

19 Unix-like OS  Ubuntu  FreeBSD  openSUSE  Debian  Fedora

20 Mac OS  Apple's Macintosh OS is an operating system with a very innovative and unique design.  The history of the company behind it, Apple, that's been around since 1976 is fascinating and so is its cool operating system Mac OS.  Leopard merupakan versi Mac OS terbaru (http://www.apple.com/macosx/)http://www.apple.com/macosx/

21 Microsoft OS Windows VersionYear Released Windows 3.x1990 Windows NT Windows Windows NT WS Windows Windows ME 2000 Windows 2000 Professional2000 Windows XP2001 Windows Vista2006

22 Network OS  Sistem Operasi yang berbasis jaringan  Contoh: Novell Netware Windows Server 2003 Linux Solaris (Sun)

23 WebOS  The WebOS (Web Operating System) represent a new form of virtual operating system that runs directly in your browser.WebOS  The main advantages of a web operating system is that you can access it from anywhere but it's very arguable if it's really an operating system or not because it runs over a browser window and have no relation whatsoever with the hardware and its drivers.  You will still need an operating system to run a WebOS.

24 WebOS  DesktopTwo (http://desktoptwo.com)http://desktoptwo.com  G.ho.st (http://g.ho.st)http://g.ho.st  YouOS (http://youos.com)http://youos.com  BrowserOS (http://oos.cc)http://oos.cc  eyeOS (http://eyeos.org)http://eyeos.org

25 DesktopTwo

26 youOS

27 eyeOS

28 Most Popular  Survey menurut MarketShare (2007)

29 Most Popular  Survey menurut RIPE host count berdasarkan OS yang terhubung ke internet.

30 Program Utilitas  Antivirus  Firewall  Compression Software  Media Player Software  Burning Software  dll

31 Top 10 Antivirus (TopTenReviews)

32 Terima Kasih


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