Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

PEMELIHARAAN & PERBAIKAN MESIN. Kegagalan (Failure)  Failure – ketidakmampuan untuk melakukan kerja dengan appropriate manner  Equipment / machine failure.

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "PEMELIHARAAN & PERBAIKAN MESIN. Kegagalan (Failure)  Failure – ketidakmampuan untuk melakukan kerja dengan appropriate manner  Equipment / machine failure."— Transcript presentasi:

1 PEMELIHARAAN & PERBAIKAN MESIN

2 Kegagalan (Failure)  Failure – ketidakmampuan untuk melakukan kerja dengan appropriate manner  Equipment / machine failure on production floor – worn out bearing, pump, pressure leaks, broken shaft, overheated machine etc.  Equipment failure in office – failure of power supply, air- conditioned system, computer network, photocopy machine  Vehicle failure – brake, transmission, engine, cooling system

3 Konsekuensi Permasalahan Mesin Masalah MesinDampak LangsungBiaya / Konsekuensi Akhir MalfunctionDeteriorasi mesinUmur mesin singkat Ketidakefisienan mesinBiaya perbaikan tinggi Variabilitas outputScrap dan rework BreakdownBahaya keselamatanCedera Pekerja menganggurPersediaan Fasilitas menganggurBiaya perbaikan tinggi Penundaan jadwal

4 Pemeliharaan (Maintenance)  Semua aktivitas untuk memelihara fasilitas dan mesin serta peralatan bekerja dengan baik sehingga sistem dapat bekerja sebagaimana dimaksudkan  Meliputi: servicing, repair, modification, overhaul, inspection and condition verification  Increase availability of a system  Keep system’s equipment in working order

5 Maintenance in Manufacturing Companies  Electronic  Automotive  Petrochemicals  Refinery  Furniture  Ceramics  Food and beverages

6 Tujuan Pemeliharaan  Upaya untuk memaksimalkan kinerja mesin dan peralatan secara efisien dan teratur  Prevent breakdown or failures  Minimize production loss from failures  Increase reliability of the operating systems

7 Tujuan Dasar Pemeliharaan (Principle Objectives in Maintenance)  Mencapai kualitas produk dan kepuasan pelanggan melalui adjusted and serviced equipment  Memaksimalkan usia pemakaian mesin dan peralatan  Menjaga mesin dan peralatan aman dan mencegah bahaya keselamatan  Meminimasi frekuensi dan lamanya interupsi atau gangguan  Memaksimalkan kapasitas produksi – melalui utilisasi tinggi fasilitas

8 Permasalahan dalam Pemeliharaan  Kurangnya perhatian manajemen pada pemeliharaan  Rendahnya partisipasi accounting dalam analisis dan melaporkan berbagai jenis biaya  Kesulitan dalam menerapkan analisis kuantitatif  Kesulitan dalam mendapatkan estimasi waktu dan biaya untuk pekerjaan pemeliharaan  Kesulitan dalam pengukuran kinerja

9 Maintenance Costs  Cost to replace or repair  Losses of output  Delayed shipment  Scrap and rework

10 Tipe Pemeliharaan Reactive or Corrective Maintenance:  Breakdown maintenance  Reactive approach; dealing with breakdowns or problems when they occur Proactive Maintenance:  Preventive maintenance  Proactive approach; reducing breakdowns through a program of lubrication, adjustment, cleaning, inspection, and replacement of worn parts

11 Corrective or Breakdown Maintenance  Perbaikan dilakukan setelah mesin dan peralatan rusak dan tidak dapat melakukan fungsinya secara normal lagi  Dapat dibenarkan untuk pabrik kecil dimana:  Waktu kerusakan bersifat tidak kritis dan biaya perbaikan lebih rendah dari tipe pemeliharaan lainnya  Alasan keuangan untuk penjadwalan tidak ada

12 Kerugian Corrective Maintenance  Breakdown generally occurs inappropriate times leading to poor and hurried maintenance  Excessive delay in production & reduces output  Faster plant deterioration  Increases chances of accidents and less safety for both workers and machines  More spoilt materials  Direct loss of profit

13 Scheduled Maintenance  Scheduled maintenance is a stitch-in-time procedure and incorporates  inspection  lubrication  repair and overhaul of equipment  If neglected can result in breakdown  Generally followed for:  overhauling of machines  changing of heavy equipment oils  cleaning of water and other tanks etc.

14 Preventive Maintenance (PM)  Prinsip – “Prevention is better than cure”  Prosedur - Stitch-in-time  It  locates weak spots of machinery and equipment  provides them periodic/scheduled inspections and minor repairs to reduce the danger of unanticipated breakdowns

15 Candidates for Preventive Maintenance Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) Frequency of Failure Good candidates have more normal distribution with low variability

16 Keuntungan PM  Reduces break down and thereby down time  Less odd-time repair and reduces over time of crews  Greater safety of workers  Lower maintenance and repair costs  Less stand-by equipment and spare parts  Better product quality and fewer reworks and scraps  Increases plant life  Increases chances to get production incentive bonus

17 Kunci Keberhasilan Sistem PM  Scheduling – Should be automated to the maximum extent possible  Execution – Should be done before the actual break down occurs.

18 Execution  The Bath Tub Model – Three stages of new parts 1.Infant mortality stage 2.A fairly long run stage 3.Wear out stage  Traditional View according to Bath Tub Model – Replace components just before they entered wear out stage

19 Execution  Traditional view says – Wear out stage = Increased rate of failure.  Point to Ponder – Since, wear out stage represents increased rate of failure, wouldn’t it be plausible to execute the PM program at this stage?

20 Fokus PM  Cleaning Found through testing  Lubrication and inspection  And correcting deficiencies Predetermined parts replacement should be minimal and done only where statistical evidence clearly indicates wear-out characteristics

21 Predictive (Condition-based) Maintenance  In predictive maintenance, machinery conditions are periodically monitored and this enables the maintenance crews to take timely actions, such as machine adjustment, repair or overhaul  It makes use of human sense and other sensitive instruments, such as  audio gauge, vibration analyzer, amplitude meter, pressure, temperature and resistance strain gauges etc.

22 Predictive Maintenance (Contd.)  Unusual sounds coming out of a rotating equipment predicts a trouble  An excessively hot electric cable predicts a trouble  Simple hand touch can point out many unusual equipment conditions and thus predicts a trouble

23 Maintenance Costs Maintenance Commitment Cost Breakdown Cost

24 Maintenance Costs Maintenance Commitment Cost PM Cost Breakdown Cost

25 Maintenance Costs Maintenance Commitment Cost PM Cost Breakdown Cost Total Maintenance Cost

26 Maintenance Costs Maintenance Commitment Cost PM Cost Total Maintenance Cost Breakdown Cost Optimal

27 Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)  Komitmen untuk melakukan pemeliharaan melebihi preventive and predictive maintenance.  Semua pekerja terlibat dalam pemenuhan kepuasan pelanggan, dimana pelanggan didefinisikan sebagai tahapan berikut dari sebuah proses  Suatu kerusakan mesin dilihat sebagai defect, dan TPM berkomitmen untuk mencegah breakdown and malfunction  TPM merupakan aspek lanjutan dari continous improvement, yang merupakan proses mengedukasi dan melibatkan pekerja, upgrading and redesigning equipment, penerapan foolproofing devices, memonitor kinerja mesin dan peralatan, dan mengeliminasi sumber- sumber pemborosan mesin dan peralatan

28 Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) TPM merupakan Japanese approach untuk Membuat budaya perusahaan untuk efisiensi maksimum Upaya mencegah kerugian dengan biaya minimum –Zero breakdowns and failures, Zero accident, and Zero defects etc Esensi kerja tim (aktivitas kelompok kecil) berfokus pada kondisi dan performansi fasilitas-fasilitas untuk mencapai zero loss for improvement Keterlibatan semua SDM mulai dari top management hingga operator

29 TPM Production Operators Clean & Check Observe Categorize Manufacturing Engineers Equipment Planning Equipment Studies Production Planning & Control Schedule P.M. Quality Engineers Standards & Calibrations Active Planned Maintenance Process

30 Asal TPM

31 A Socio-Technical System  Manufacturing (and many other) systems have both technical and human/social aspects that are tightly bound and interconnected. Moreover, it is the interconnections more than individual elements that determine system performance.  The technical system includes machinery, processes, procedures and a physical arrangement. We usually think of a factory in terms of its technical system.  The social system includes people and their habitual attitudes, values, behavioral styles and relationships. It includes the reward system. It is the formal power structure as depicted on organization charts and the informal power structure deriving from knowledge and personal influence.

32 Hasil Penerapan TPM  3M reduced their maintenance cost by 60% within three years.  DuPont reduced off-quality by 69% and improved capacity by 29% in three years.  Harley-Davidson estimates that the ROI from TPM has been ten-fold to the cost of implementation.  Kodak reported a $5 million investment in TPM that resulted in a $16 million increase in profits.


Download ppt "PEMELIHARAAN & PERBAIKAN MESIN. Kegagalan (Failure)  Failure – ketidakmampuan untuk melakukan kerja dengan appropriate manner  Equipment / machine failure."

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google