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(1) MEKANIKA PERPATAHAN & FAILURE ANALYSIS Muhammad Fitrullah Teknik Metalurgi Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa.

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Presentasi berjudul: "(1) MEKANIKA PERPATAHAN & FAILURE ANALYSIS Muhammad Fitrullah Teknik Metalurgi Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa."— Transcript presentasi:

1 (1) MEKANIKA PERPATAHAN & FAILURE ANALYSIS Muhammad Fitrullah Teknik Metalurgi Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

2 DEFINISI KERUSAKAN (FAILURE) Ketidak-mampuan suatu komponen untuk dapat berfungsi sebagaimana mestinya. Perpatahan (fracture) tidak perlu harus terjadi.

3 KONDISI UMUM KERUSAKAN 1. Jika tidak dapat dioperasikan (dijalankan) 2. Masih dpt beroperasi, tetapi tidak berfungsi semestinya 3. Kerusakan serius atau tidak aman untuk digunakan

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7 Failure analysis rules The failure investigator has only one objective to determine the failure mechanism that caused the failure and to use that knowledge to prevent another occurrence. Start with and maintain an open mind. Emotion obscures objectivity and must be edged from the investigation. The theory, however elegant, must agree with the observed evidence, however humble.

8 Failure analysis rules…? The simplest solution is the best solution. Having the wrong solution is frequently much worse than having no solution. Major incidents are often triggered by very minor or apparently innocuous details.

9 Failure analysis rules…? Only one thing is worse than knowing you have a crack growing in a component, and that is not knowing you have a crack growing in a component. Cracks never get smaller, nor do they ever disappear. Either they stay the same size (invariably in a minor, insignificant, or easily repaired component), or they get bigger (usually in a critical component).

10 QUATION FOR SUCCESSFUL FAILURE ANALYSIS Proper background information + correct analyses and tests + Thorough knowledge of materials behaviour and processing + Pertinent experience ______________________ Correct Analysis

11 Penyebab Kerusakan Material

12 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 1. SALAH DISAIN : Apakah ada stress concentration (lubang, ulir, notch) Apakah Dimensinya sesuai ? Lost by wear or corrosion Haruskah Rigid atau Flexsible like spring? Apakah Part / Komponen memang didisain untuk mudah rusak atau memang untuk tahan rusak ?

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14 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 2. SALAH MEMILIH MATERIAL Apakah mechanical prop. sesuai? (Hardness, UTS, yield) Apakah physical prop. sesuai? (Thermal ex, density, cond.) Apakah Chemical prop. sesuai? (chem comp., corrosion res.)

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16 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 3. KETIDAK SEMPURNAAN MATERIAL Apakah ada defects pada base metal? (porosity, inclusion, lamination, segregation) Apakah ada residual stress pada base metal? (tension, compression)

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18 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 4. SALAH DALAM MANUFACTURE (Fabrikasi) Rolling  (lamination, inclusion) Welding  (Pore, undercut, cracks, lack of penetration) Casting  (Pore, coldshut, shrinkage, segregation) Heat Treatment  (decarburization, scale, over/under tempered, improper microstructures)

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20 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 5. SALAH DALAM ASSEMBLING (PERAKITAN) Ada Misalignment ? Ada Inaccurate Machining & accum. Of tolerance  Interference & abnormal stress Ada Deflection? ( shafts or pipes )

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22 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 6. KONDISI OPERASI Ada unusual occurrence (abnormal)? (bunyi, bau, asap) Apakah terjadi over speed ? Apakah terjadi over load ? Apakah lingkungannya korosif? (temperature environment)

23 Contoh Kerusakan akibat korosi

24 FAKTOR KEGAGALAN 7. KONDISI PERAWATAN (MAINTENANCE) Apakah terjadwal? Apakah ada pelumasan? Apakah metoda pengukuran baik? (temperature, pressure, dimension, etc.)

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