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Manajemen Proyek: Overview Dr. Sukardi Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian IPB.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Manajemen Proyek: Overview Dr. Sukardi Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian IPB."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Manajemen Proyek: Overview Dr. Sukardi Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian IPB

2 Metodologi Manajemen Proyek  Tahap Definisi: Konsepsi. Kembangkan problem statement, visi, dan misi.  Tahap Strategi Perencanaan: Kembangkan alternatif strategi proyek. Untuk setiap alternatif:  Cek P, C, T, S  Lakukan analisis SWOT

3 Metodologi Manajemen Proyek  Tahap Implementasi Rencana: Kembangkan rencana implementasi. Lakukan persetujuan rencana.  Tahap Eksekusi dan Kendali: Laksanakan rencana. Cek progres dan akseptabilitas proyek.  Tahap Terminasi Lakukan review proyek. Lakukan terminasi.

4 Tahap Implementasi Rencana  Kembangkan Work Breakdown Structure (WBS): What tasks must be done? Who will do each one? How long will each task take? What materials/supplies are required? How much will each task cost?  Kembangkan Network Diagram: What can be done first? What can be done next? What can be done in parallel? Repeat until finished.

5 Tahap Implementasi Rencana  Lakukan perhitungan jalur kritis: Forward pass to find early times. Backward pass for late times. Is total duration acceptable? Revise and repeat if not.  Alokasi sumberdaya untuk CPM Level resources. Total duration still acceptable? Revise and repeat if not.

6 Tahap Implementasi Rencana  Konversi Network ke Bar Chart.  Kembangkan kurva penggunaan dan perolehan nilai proyek If you are a project manager, you are proactive … not reactive. In any system of humans or machines, the element in the system that has the greatest variability in its behavior will control the system.

7 TAHAP DEFINISI PROYEK  Eighty percent of all projects suffer serious problems, with nearly a third of them being bad enough to be canceled.  What causes the project to fail?

8 The Problem, Mission, and Vision  How to avoid project from failing?  Pendekatan terbaik adalah dengan membuat setiap anggota team untuk secara aktif terlibat dalam proses pendefinisian proyek.  Pemahaman problem, kembangkan misi yang menyatakan kemana team akan menuju, dan visi yang menyatakan hasil akhir yang akan dicapai.

9 The Problem, What is it?  Setiap proyek hendaknya memberikan pemecahan terhadap persoalan  hindari keadaan kita seolah-olah memahami persoalan tetapi sebenarnya tidak: symptom and the real problem!  The problem is a gap between where you are and where you want to be that is confronted with obstacles that make the closing gap difficult.

10 Types of Problems  Open-Ended Problem Problem dengan solusi lebih dari satu; berorientasi ke future Contoh …. Pendekatan: synthesis  Closed-Ended Problem Problem yang hanya memiliki satu solusi; berorientasi ke past Contoh …. Pendekatan: analytical.

11 Menentukan Closed-Ended Problems  Gunakan metodologi ilmiah: Ask questions Develop a plan of inquiry Formulate hypotheses Gather data to test those hypotheses Draw conclusions from hypotheses testing Test the conclusions.

12 Menentukan Open-Ended Problems  Redefinitional procedures: help develop a good definition for an open- ended problem  The goal orientation technique: to find the well-defined need and obstacles to progress  The successive abstractions technique: to define the problem from lower level to highest level

13 Menentukan Open-Ended Problems  Analogy and metaphor procedures: to find creative solutions to problems  Wishful thinking: to define problem from conventional to realistic new insights  artificially made  Nonlogical stimuli: to define problem from one object to another  Reversal: to define the problem by making the weakness into strength.

14 The Mission, What is it?  Adalah pernyataan, statement, untuk memberitahu setiap anggota team kemana akan mengarah  The mission: the goal or objective that the team must achieve.

15 The Vision, what is it?  Adalah pernyataan untuk mendeskripsikan bagaimana hasil akhir dari sebuah proyek  Jika hasil akhir sebuah proyek diketahui, kapan waktu proyek berakhir dapat diketahui  The vision: what the final result will look like.


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