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PERUBAHAN PARADIGMA PENDIDIKAN  Knowledge-based Competence-based  Behaviorist Constructivist  Textbook Contextual  Instructive Facilitative  Teacher-centered.

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Presentasi berjudul: "PERUBAHAN PARADIGMA PENDIDIKAN  Knowledge-based Competence-based  Behaviorist Constructivist  Textbook Contextual  Instructive Facilitative  Teacher-centered."— Transcript presentasi:

1 PERUBAHAN PARADIGMA PENDIDIKAN  Knowledge-based Competence-based  Behaviorist Constructivist  Textbook Contextual  Instructive Facilitative  Teacher-centered Learner-centered  Government rule Community rule

2 COMPETENCE BASED Perubahan Semangat dari anak sudah belajar apa? ke Anak sudah bisa apa?

3 Kata Kunci Konstruktivisme Mengalami Menemukan Memperkuat Memperkokoh

4 PENDIDIKAN KECAKAPAN HIDUP Kecakapan Personal Kecakapan Sosial Kecakapan berpikir Rasional Kecakapan Akademik Kecakapan Vokasional

5 PERUBAHAN PARADIGMA PENDIDIKAN Kurikul P/M/E Gagasan Implementasi  1975PKnowledge-based Knowledge-based 1975POutcome-based Knowledge-based MScientific method Textbook-oriented EOutcomes-based Content-based PScience process skill Knowledge-based MInquiry Textbook-oriented EScience process skill Content-based Pasca 1994PCompetence-based? MContructivist/Contextual? EAuthentic Assessment?

6 PRINSIP PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL  Questioning (pengajuan masalah)  Inquiry (Inkuiri)  Learning community (masyarakat belajar)  Modeling (pemodelan)  Authentic assessment (asesmen otentik)  Reflection (refleksi)  Constructivist (Konstruktivis)

7 CIRI-CIRI PEMBELAJARAN KONTEKSTUAL  Berpusat siswa  Pengalaman langsung  Terkait dengan dunia nyata  Pemecahan masalah  Pada berbagai konteks  Multibudaya  Belajar kooperatif  Berpikir tingkat tinggi: aplikatif, kritis dan kreatif, evaluatif

8 TAHAP PEMBELAJARAN CTL IPA EXPLORATION EXPLANATION EXPANSION EVALUATION

9 KBM / STRUKTUR PEMBELAJARAN EXPLORATION: Fenomena, Pengetahuan awal EXPLANATION: - masalah – hipotesis – percobaan – data/analisis data – kesimpulan EXPANSION : - Pengembangan konsep - Aplikasi konsep EVALUATIONS: Hands-on, performance, alternative


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