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Simple Present Tense 1.Verbal Simple Present simple present yang tidak menggunakan tobe, tetapi VERB1 sebagai predicate1 nya For positive sentences, we.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Simple Present Tense 1.Verbal Simple Present simple present yang tidak menggunakan tobe, tetapi VERB1 sebagai predicate1 nya For positive sentences, we."— Transcript presentasi:

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2 Simple Present Tense 1.Verbal Simple Present simple present yang tidak menggunakan tobe, tetapi VERB1 sebagai predicate1 nya For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary. Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran bunyi DESIS (hissing sounds – x, ch, s, sh, o), kita menggunakan akhira _es. sehingga menjadi : teaches, mixes, washes, kisses.. dsb. vietrieannee

3 Subjectauxiliary verb main verb + I, you, we, they likecoffee. He, she, it likescoffee. - I, you, we, they Donotlikecoffee. He, she, itdoesnotlikecoffee. ?Do I, you, we, they likecoffee? Doeshe, she, it likecoffee? + = S + V(s/es) + O -= S (I, you, we, they) + Do not + V1 S (he, she, it) + does not + V1 ? = Do + S (I, you, we, they) + O Does + S (he, she, it) + O vietrieannee

4 read – John reads 1. read 2. sing 3. study 4. work 5. arrive 6. leave 7. practice 8. write 9. watch 10. finish 11. mix 12. pass 13. go 14. have 15. pray Amati kembali contoh kalimat ini : 3. (study) -> John studies 15. (pray) ->John prays Untuk verb study – sebelum huruf Y adalah huruf konsonan D, itulah sebabnya menjadi STUDIES Untuk verb pray – sebelum huruf Y adalah huruf vokal A, itulah sebabnya tetap PRAYS Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran bunyi DESIS (hissing sounds – x, ch, s, sh), kita menggunakan akhira _es. sehingga menjadi : teaches, mixes, washes, kisses.. dsb. 1.Reads 2.John sings 3.John studies 4.John works 5.John arrives 6.John leaves 7.Practices 8.writes 9.John watches 10.John finishes 11.John mixes 12. John passes 13.John goes 14.John have(s) -> John has 15.John prays vietrieannee

5 Perubahan Kalimat Negative dan Interrogative 1.(+) You write 2.(+) He writes 3.(+) You have a book 4.(+) He has a book 1.(-) You DON’T write (?) DO you write? 2. (-) He DOESN’T write (?) Does he write? 3. (-) You DON’T have a book (?) DO you have a book? 4. (-) He DOESN’T have a book (?) DOES he have a book? vietrieannee

6 2. Nominal Simple Present kedalam bentuk negative (menyangkal) ataupun interrogative (bertanya) (+) You are a teacher (- ) You are NOT a teacher (? ) Are you a teacher? vietrieannee

7 Subjectmain verb +IAm French. You, we, theyAre French. He, she, itIs French. -IAmnotold. You, we, theyArenotold. He, she, itIsnotold. ?AmI late? Are you, we, they late? Ishe, she, it late? Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary + = s + to be + c -= S + to be NOT + C ? = to be + S + C TOBE Is  he, she, it Am  I Are  you, they, we vietrieannee

8 How do we use the Simple Present Tense? We use the simple present tense when: the action is general the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future the action is not only happening now the statement is always true vietrieannee

9 I live in New York. The Moon goes round the Earth. John drives a taxi. He does not drive a bus. We meet every Thursday. We do not work at night. Do you play football? vietrieannee

10 Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb "to be" in the simple present tense - some of them are general, some of them are now: vietrieannee

11 try it vietrieannee

12 Signal words. Everyday. Sometimes. Always.Often Usually. Seldom. Never. First…. Then vietrieannee

13 What do they do every day?

14 What does Ann do every day? climb / the ladder Ann climbs the ladder every day.

15 clean / the kitchen What does Tom do every day? Tom cleans the kitchen every day.

16 What does Susan do every day? Susan dusts the flat every day. dust / the flat

17 What does Mrs. Lee do every day? wash / the clothes Mrs. Lee washes the clothes every day.

18 What does Mary do every day? listen / to the radio Mary listens to the radio every day.

19 What does Miss Au do every day? watches / TV Miss Au watches TV every day.

20 What does Ann do every day? iron / the clothes Ann irons the clothes every day.

21 What does Mary do every day? play / computer games Mary plays computer games every day.

22 What does Linda do every day? water / the plants Linda waters the plants every day.

23 KESIMPULAN vietrieannee

24 PENGUNAAN  Menginformasikan peristiwa yang terjadi kini atau belakangan ini. vie studies at elementary school ( S + Ves) I do not have any car (S + DO – NOT + V1)  Menyatakan sebuah kebiasaan atau kegiatan yang sedang terjadi vie walks to school everyday (S + Vs) they go running three times a week (S + V1)  Menyatakan kebenaran umum the sun rises in the east (S + Ves) vietrieannee


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