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“... Any sort of careful, systematic, patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to discover or establish facts and principles”

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Presentasi berjudul: "“... Any sort of careful, systematic, patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to discover or establish facts and principles”"— Transcript presentasi:

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2 “... Any sort of careful, systematic, patient study and investigation in some field of knowledge, undertaken to discover or establish facts and principles” ( Fraenkel & Wallen ) Business research … organized, systematic, data-based, critical, objective, scientific inquiry or investigation into a specific problem, undertaken with the purpose of finding answer or solution to it. ( Sekaran, 2011 ) a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding ( ) RESEARCH DEFINITION

3 MASALAHMASALAHSOLUSISOLUSI PENELITIAN ILMIAH ILMU / TEORI KRITERIA ILMIAH PROSEDUR ILMIAH

4 1.PURPOSIVENESS: 1.PURPOSIVENESS: memiliki tujuan yang jelas. 2.RIGOR 2.RIGOR: memiliki landasan teoretis, menggunakan metode ilmiah, didukung oleh data yang valid dan reliabel. 3.TESTABILITY 3.TESTABILITY: hipotesis harus dapat diuji. 4.REPLICABILITY 4.REPLICABILITY: hasil penelitian dimungkinkan untuk dapat dikaji ulang pada objek yang berbeda. 5.PRECISION CONFIDANCE 5.PRECISION dan CONFIDANCE: seberapa dekat hasil penelitian dengan kenyataan dan tingkat keyakinan peneliti terhadap kebenaran hasil penelitian 6.OBJECTIVITY 6.OBJECTIVITY: simpulan hasil penelitian didasarkan pada data aktual bukan mengandalkan perasaan peneliti 7.GENERALIZABILITY 7.GENERALIZABILITY: hasil penelitian memiliki kemampuan untuk menjelaskan dan memprediksi fenomena yang sama pada objek yang lebih luas. 8.PARSIMONY 8.PARSIMONY: hasil penelitian mampu menjelaskan fenomena sesederhana mungkin sehingga mudah dipahami. (Uma Sekaran, 2011)

5 Theoretic Empirical Nomothetic Probabilistic Causal

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