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Domain Bakteria Dunia bakteria: 23 Phylum. Bakteria: koloni.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Domain Bakteria Dunia bakteria: 23 Phylum. Bakteria: koloni."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Domain Bakteria Dunia bakteria: 23 Phylum

2 Bakteria: koloni

3 Sel Bakteri: morfologi

4 Sela Bakteria : morfologi Borellia sp. Sianobakteria Salmonella sp. Bacillus antharcis

5 Bakteri: Actinomycetes

6 Sel bakteri: Actinomycetes Streptomyces indonesiensis

7 Sel Bakteria: Tanpa organela Struktur sel bakteri

8 Struktur sel bakteria

9 Tidak ada organela Kromosom tunggal (DNA sirkular) dalam sitoplasma

10 Filogeni Archaea Archaeoglobus Methanococcus vannielii Desulfurococcus Sulfolobus pJP 96 85/74 pSL 12 pSL17 pSL22 pSL4 Marine SBAR5 pJP 27 pJP 78 Thermoplasma Methanospirillum Haloverax Methanococcus jannaschii Thermococcus Methanopyrus BACTERIA EUKARYOTES Kararchaeota pSL 50 Thermoproteus Thermofilum Crenarchaeota Euryarchaeota Methanothermus Methanobacterium Pyrodictium

11 Filogeni bakteria 0.1 changes per nucleotide (nt) Spirochetes Green Sulfur Bacteria Bacteroides and relatives Chlamydiae Planctomyces Cyanobacteria Gram positive Aquificoles Proteobacteria Green Nonsulfur Bacteria Thermotogales Deinococci ARCHAEA And EUKARYA BACTERIA

12 Bakteria: 23 Phylum 1 Aquificae 2.Thermotogae 3. Thermodesulfobacteria 4. Deinococcus-Thermus 5. Chrysiogenetes 6. Chloroflexi 7. Thermomicrobia 8. Nitrospira

13 Bakteria: 23 Phylum 9. Deferribacteres 17. Spirochaetes 10. Cyanobacteria 18. Fibrobacteres 11. Chlorobi 19. Acidobacteria 12. Proteobacteria 20. Bacteroidetes 13. Firmicutes 21. Fusobacteria 14. Actinobacteria 22. Verrucobacteria 15.Planctomycetes 23. Dictyoglomi 16. Chlamydae

14 Phylum Actinobacteria Classis: Actinobacteria (5 subclassis) 1. Acidimicrobidae 2. Rubrobacteridae 3. Coriobacteridae 4. Sphaerobacteridae 5. Actinobacteridae (2 Ordo)

15 Subclassis Actinobacteridae 1. Ordo Actinomycetales ( 10 Sub-ordo): 1.1. Actinomycinea ( 1 Familia; 4 genera) 1.2. Micrococcineae (10 Familia) 1.3. Corynebacterineae (7 Familia) 1.4. Micromonosporineae (1 familia; 9 genera) 1.5. Propionibacterineae (2 Familia) 1.6. Pseudonocardineae (2 Familia) 1.7. Streptomycineae (1 Familia; 3 genera) 1.8. Streptosporangineae (3 Familia) 1.9. Frankineae (6 Familia Glycomycineae (1 Familia; 1 genus) 2. Ordo Bifidobacterales

16 Sub-ordo: Streptomycineae Familia:Streptomycetaceae Genus: Streptomyces Anggota spesies: sekitar 500 Krakterisitik Genus Streptomyces: Memiliki hifae vegetatif dan hifa aerial yang menghasilkan rantai konidiospora yang terdiri dari

17 Paraserianthes falcatharia Homo sapiens Selective isolation of Streptomycetes from the rhizosphere of P. falcatharia.

18 Koloni pada Strach-casein

19 Koloni pada Raffinose-histidin

20 Koloni kultur murni

21 Rantai dan ornamen spora Streptomyces indonesiensis DSM T

22 Kode Strain (Acession Number) S. asiaticus (A14P1 = DSM = NCIMB 13675) S. cangkringensis (D13P3 = DSM = NCIMB 13684) S. indonesiensis (A4R2 = DSM = NCIMB 13673) (Dapat dilihat di Website DSMZ CC)

23 Kode Strain (Acession Number) S. javensis (B22P3 = DSM = NCIMB 13679) S. rhizosphaerius (A10P1 = DSM = NCIMB 13674) S. yogyakartensis (C4R3 = DSM = NCIMB 13681)

24 Acession Number 16S rDNA S. asiaticus DSM T (AJ ) S. cangkringensis DSM T (AJ ) S. indonesiensis DSM T (AJ ) S. javensis DSM T (AJ ) S. rhizosphaerius DSM T (AJ ) S. yogyakartensis DSM T (AJ )

25 Publikasi Draf publikasi Kode Strain dari DSMZ dan NCIMB Accession number of 16S rDNA seq. ↓ Int. J. General & Mol. Microbiol. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ↓ Vol. 78 (3/4): 353 – 366 (Effective)

26 Validation Valid Publication: International Journal of Systematic and evolutionary Microbiology 51: (2001) ↓ Approved List of Bacterial Name

27 Bahan bioaktif: Antitumor AntitumorProducer DaunorubicinStreptomyces peuceticus ActinomycinS. antibioticus MitomycinS. caespitosus BleomycinS. verticillus RapamycinS. indonesiensis-group

28 Bahan bioaktif: Antibiotic AntibioticProducer ErythromycinStreptomyces erythreus ChloramphenicolS. venezuellae RifampicinS. mediterranei NovobiocinS. spheroides StreptomycinS. griseus TetracyclinS. aureofciens

29 Bahan bioaktif: Antifungal AntifungalProducer CycloheximideStreptomyces griseus NystatinS. noursei GriseofulvinS. griseofulvum Amphotericin BS. nodosus Antihelminth Producer IvermectinS. avermitoles

30 Life cycle

31 Morfology hifa

32 Koloni

33 Morfologi rantai spora

34 SEM of spore chain

35 Pigmen streptomyces

36 Research Poster

37

38 Genus Aquifex Aquifex pyrophylus Aquifex aerolicus

39 Genus Thermotoga Habitat Thermotoga Thermotoga maritima

40 3. Phylum: Thermodesulfobacteria Thermodesulfobacterium Thermodesulfatator Thermodesulfobacterium hydrogeniphilim

41 4. Phylum Deinococcus-Thermus Deinococcus Thermus Marinithermus Meiothermus Oceanithermus Vulcanithermus Thermus aquaticus

42 6. Phylum Chloroflexi (green nonsulfur bacteria) Chloroflexus Chloronema Heliothrix Roseiflexus Oscillochloris Herpetosiphon Anaerolinea Caldilinea Chloroflexus

43 7. Phylum Thermomicrobia Thermomicrobium roseum Thermomicrobium fosteri Thermomicroboim sp.

44 8. Phylum Nitrospira Nitrospira Leptospirillum Magnetobacterium Thermodesulfovibrio Leptospirillum ferrooxidans Habitat

45 Cyanobacteria Spirulina sp. Oscilatoria sp. Nostoc sp. Anabaena sp.

46 Bacillus thuringiensis

47 Toksisitas Bt

48 Mekanisme kerja toksin BT

49 17. Phylum Spirochaetes Spirochaetes Borrelia Brachyspira Brevinema Clevelandina Cristispira Diplocalyx Hollandina Leptonema Leptospira Pillotina Serpulina Spirochaeta Treponema Leptospira

50 20. Phylum Bacteroidetes Bacteroides: Bacteroides fragilis

51 21. Phylum Fusobacteria Fusobacterium nucleatum

52 22. Phylum Verrucomicrobia Opitutus Prosthecobacter Verrucomicrobium Victivallis Xiphinematobacter Prosthecobacter fusiformis


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