Presentasi berjudul: "MOHAMMAD NUR RAHMAD MARZUQI, 2250403058 WILAYATUL FAQIH AND ITS ROLE AS THE DRIVER OF IRANIAN ISLAMIC REVOLUTION AS REFLECTED IN THE LIFE OF IMAM KHOMEINI."— Transcript presentasi:
MOHAMMAD NUR RAHMAD MARZUQI, 2250403058 WILAYATUL FAQIH AND ITS ROLE AS THE DRIVER OF IRANIAN ISLAMIC REVOLUTION AS REFLECTED IN THE LIFE OF IMAM KHOMEINI FILM
Identitas Mahasiswa - NAMA : MOHAMMAD NUR RAHMAD MARZUQI - NIM : 2250403058 - PRODI : Sastra Inggris - JURUSAN : BAHASA & SASTRA INGGRIS - FAKULTAS : Bahasa dan Seni - EMAIL : el_marzoeq pada domain yahoo.com - PEMBIMBING 1 : Dra. Rahayu Puju Haryanti, M.Hum. - PEMBIMBING 2 : Dra. Indrawati, M.Hum - TGL UJIAN : 2009-02-19
Judul WILAYATUL FAQIH AND ITS ROLE AS THE DRIVER OF IRANIAN ISLAMIC REVOLUTION AS REFLECTED IN THE LIFE OF IMAM KHOMEINI FILM
Abstrak Wilayatul Faqih is an ideology that rised in the book entitled Hokumat-e Islami, Velayat-e Fiqhi by Imam Khomeini that presents an idea and it’s steps to manages a nation and it’s society, an ideal society that is ruled by the licensed clerics or jurist guardianship that is based on The Holy Qur’an, Hadist and Ijma’. Wilayatul Faqih is intended to guard the moral, social and intellectual of the society. It provides the real and brief steps to gain the heart and support of the Muslim. Nowadays, ideologies are presented in many ways, one of them is in film. In this research, the researcher tries to reveal the ideology which is reflected in the Aiman Dzghib film entitled The Life of Imam Khomeini. The object of ideology, which is being studied from this film, is Wilayatul Faqih and it’s role as the driver of Iranian Islamic Revolution. Since ideology usually deals with social matters, the approach used in this research is sociological approach. In analyzing this film, the researcher puts three main problems to be answered. Firstly, how is Wilayatul Faqih implemented as found in The Life of Imam Khomeini film? Secondly, how is the implementation of Wilayatul Faqih beneficial to the Islamic Iranian Revolution as described in the object of study? Finally, How is Wilayatul Faqih possible to be implemented in Indonesia? The researcher uses qualitative method in conducting this research. Since the method is qualitative, the form of data are in the form of words, phrases, sentences etc. Data collection was done through several steps. The steps are reading, searching the key word, identifying, and classifying. The data were collected through appendices. Appendix A is the list of the overall data. Appendix B1 is list of the classified data, answering problem 1. Appendix B2 is the list of classified data, answering problem 2. Appendix B3 is the list of classified data, answering problem 3. The classified data were then analysed using theories drawn with sociological approach. The result of the study are that Wilayatul Faqih proven to be the main instrument to unite all of Islamic group in Iran in order to revolt the immoral monarchy. It is considered effective to solve the social problems that is caused by the difference conclusion of Ijtihad (an attempt to formulate the Islamic law and movement) and unites all of Indonesian Islamic group to solve the moral, intellectual, and social (monetary) problems in Indonesia. It also shows the importance of socio-religious capital city to unite all of the Islamic groups. It is implemented by Darwis (Proselytizing by foot to collect Khumus or Shia spiritual fund) system that is guarded by the licensed clerics. The Life of Imam Khomeini film is attempting to prove “Islam” as the answer of every social problems.
Kata Kunci Wilayatul Faqih, Iranian Islamic Revolution, sociology.
Referensi Al-Musawi, Syarafuddin. 2008. Dialog Sunnah-Syi’ah. Bandung: Mizan. Amrullah, Afif. 2008. Membuktikan Kebangkitan Negeri Mullah. Aula, December. Pages 67 – 70. Antonio, M. Syafi’i. 2007. Muhammad SAW the Super Leader Super Manager. Jakarta: ProLM Centre. Armstrong, Karen. 2008. Sejarah Singkat Islam. Jogjakarta: ELBANIN Media. Azra, Azyumardi. Sunnah-Syi’ah di Indonesia. Online at http://media.isnet.org/islam/Syiah05.html. [accessed 20/01/09] Baldick, Chris. 1996. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Oxford: University Press. Basri, Syafiq. 1987. Iran Pasca Revolusi. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan. Connoly, F.Z. 1955. The Types of Literature. New York: Harcourt, Brace. Delmar, E. Online at http://www.delamar.edu/socsci/rlong/race/far-04.htm [accessed 20/0708] Fananie, Zainudin. 2001. Telaah Sastra. Surakarta: UMS Press. Gellas, R. J. and Levine, Ann. 1999. An Introduction into Sociology. Pensylvenia: McCraw-Hill Collage. Haekal, M. 1980. Sejarah Hidup Muhammad. Bandung: Pustaka Jaya. Khamenei, Ali. 2007. Jangan Sia-Siakan Sholawatmu. Depok: Pustaka IMAN. Khomeini, Rohullah. 2002. Sistem Pemerintahan Islam. Jakarta: Pustaka Zahra. Klerer, M. 1998. An Introduction to Literary Studies. London and New York: Rouledge. Massie, Irawan. 2007. Mazhab Cinta. Jakarta: Penerbit Lentera. Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis. California: SAGE Publications inc. Mishkini, Ali. 1991. Wali Faqih. Jakarta: Risalah Masa. Mujiyanto, Y. 2007. Petunjuk Penulisan Skripsi. Semarang: Universitas Negeri Semarang. Nasr, Vali. 2006. Kebangkitan Syiah. Jakarta: Diwan Publishing. Nasution, Harun. 1979. Islam. Jakarta: UI Press. Person of the Year. Online http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19790212,00.html [accessed 01/01/09] Purwoko, B. Penelitian Kualitatif. Online at http://www.purwoko.staff.ugm.ac.id [accessed 20/07/08] Qorodhowi, Y. Ikhwanul Muslimin. Online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yusuf al-Qorodhowi. [accessed 20/01/09] Rees, R.J. 1973. English Literature: An Introduction for Foreign Readers. Hongkong: Macmilan Education Ltd. Robert, E.V and Jacobs H.E. 1987. Fiction: an Introduction to Reading and Writing. New jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Rose, Arnold. M. 1968. Sociology, A Study of Human Realtion. New York: Alferd A. Knof, inc. Sociology. Online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociological_approach [accessed 20/07/08] Subhan, M. 2008. Antara Toleransi dan Jaga Diri. Aula, November. Pages 14 – 25. Syari’ati, Ali. 1976. Sebuah Kritik dari Islam: Marxisme dan Berbagai aliran Pemikiran Barat. Surabaya: Karya Anda. Shihab, Q. 2008. Sunni-Syiah Bergandengan Tangan, Mungkinkah? Jakarta. GIP Transparency International. Online at http://id.wikipedia.org/Transparency_ International [accessed 20/07/08] Wilayatul Faqih. Online at http://www.wikipedia.com/islam/wilayatul-faqih.html. [accessed 10/07/08] Wilayatul Faqih. Online at http://www.aimislam.com [accessed 10/07/08] Zakat. Online at http://www.rakyatmerdeka.co.id/situsberita/index.php?pilih= kallanomics &id=21 [accessed 19/2/09]