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Franchising. Asal Kata Franchise?  Kata Franchise dari Perancis/Inggris  Berarti “Kebebasan”  Kaum bangsawan diberikan wewenang oleh Raja menjadi Tuan.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Franchising. Asal Kata Franchise?  Kata Franchise dari Perancis/Inggris  Berarti “Kebebasan”  Kaum bangsawan diberikan wewenang oleh Raja menjadi Tuan."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Franchising

2 Asal Kata Franchise?  Kata Franchise dari Perancis/Inggris  Berarti “Kebebasan”  Kaum bangsawan diberikan wewenang oleh Raja menjadi Tuan Tanah, dapat dimanfaatkan dengan memberikan upeti (pajak).  Upeti = Royalti > Franchise

3 What is a franchise?  License to use an established brand  Use is very restrictive – many rules to be followed.  Provide a proven successful business format  Entrepreneurship for people that are not particularly entrepreneurial.

4 What is franchising? “ A franchise operation is a contractual relationship between the franchisor and franchisee in which the franchisor offers or is obliged to maintain a continuing interest in the business of the franchisee in such areas as know-how and training; wherein the franchisee operates under a common trade name, format and/or procedure owned or controlled by the franchisor, and in which the franchisee has or will make a substantial capital investment in his business from his own resources.” - Definition by International Franchise Association

5 Sejarah Franchise  200 th SM, pengusaha china, konsep rangkaian toko mendistribuskan produk makanan dengan merk tertentu  1863, Amerika Serikat, Isaac Singer, distribusi penjualan mesin jahit.  1898, Amerika serikat, General Motors Industry  John S Pemberton, Coca Cola

6  Mc Donalds  1919, A&W Root Beer, restoran siap saji  1960 an, Inggris, J Lyons  1960, terbentuknya IFA (international franchise association)

7  Latar Belakang terbentuknya IFA? Bisnis Franchise mengalami booming thn 60 s.d. 70-an ; banyak praktek penipuan (menjual franchise yg blm teruji).  Tujuan : Menciptakan kode etik Franchise.

8  1978, Federal Trade Commission (FTC) mengeluarkan peraturan yang mewajibkan franchisor memiliki dokumen informasi lengkap mengenai bisnis franchisenya (Uniform Franchise Offering Circular/UFOC). UFOC = sejarah bisnis, pengelola, aspek hukum, perkiraan investasi, konsep bisnis, salinan perjanjian, daftar nama dan alamat franchisee.

9 TYPES OF FRANCHISE  3 main types of franchise: Product distribution franchise; Business format franchise; and Management franchise.

10 AA product distribution franchise model is very much like a supplier-dealer relationship. DDi sebut juga “Waralaba Produk dan Merk Dagang” FFranchisor membantu franchisee memilih lokasi dan menyediakan jasa orang untuk mengambil keputusan. PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES

11  Examples of famous product distribution franchise:

12 Produces the syrup concentrate Sells the syrup concentrate FRANCHISEE Produces the final drink Retail Stores Restaurants & F&B Outlets Vending Machine Operators PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES

13 BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISING  In a business format franchise, the integration of the business is more complete.  The franchisee not only distributes the franchisor’s products and services under the franchisor’s trade mark, but also implements the franchisor’s format and procedure of conducting the business.

14 Famous Examples

15 BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISING - outlet in Sale, Australia outlet in Marseille, France

16 MANAGEMENT FRANCHISE  A form of service agreement.  The franchisee provides the management expertise, format and/or procedure for conducting the business.

17 Famous Examples

18 WARALABA DI INDONESIA  FRANCHISE = WARALABA  WARA = Laba, LABA = Untung  WARALABA = Lebih Untung

19 Perkembangan Waralaba di Indonesia  1950-an : pembelian lisensi (dealer kendaraan bermotor)  1970-an : sistem pembelian lisensi plus (hak utk memproduksi)  1980/1990-an : KFC, McDonnalds, Burger King, Wendys ; waralaba lokal (Es Teler 77)  1991 : berdiri Asosiasi Franchise Indonesia  1997 : PP No 16/1997 ttg Waralaba

20  1997 : Kepmenperindag RI No 259/MPP/KEP/7/1997 Ketentuan Tata cara Pelaksanaan Pendaftaran Usaha Waralaba  2007 : PP No 42/2007 tentang Waralaba  2009 : ada 270 waralaba asing dan 20 waralaba lokal  Muncul APWINDO (Asosiasi Pengusaha Waralaba Indonesia), WALI (Waralaba & Lisensi Indonesia)

21  Waralaba kuliner : wong solo, Sapo Oriental, CFC, Hop Hop, Red Crispy, Papa Ron  Waralaba retail mini outlet : indomaret, Yomart, alfamart  Waralaba IT : Inke, X4Print, Vaneta, Micronics Distribution, Java Netcafe, dll  Waralaba pendidikan : primagama, EF, dll

22  APA PERBEDAAN FRANCHISE DENGAN MEMBUKA BISNIS BARU??  APA PENDAPAT ANDA BILA DIKATAKAN RISIKO GAGAL FRANCHISE LEBIH KECIL??

23  SAAT INI WARALABA ASING MULAI GENCAR MASUK KE INDONESIA?? APA PENDAPAT ANDA TERHADAP KONDISI INI???


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