Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

L/O/G/O Anvisman Mayarni, S.Pd., M.Si www.themegallery.com Organisasi Tingkat Kimia Semua zat yang berada di alam terdiri dari elemen Elemen yt zat yang.

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "L/O/G/O Anvisman Mayarni, S.Pd., M.Si www.themegallery.com Organisasi Tingkat Kimia Semua zat yang berada di alam terdiri dari elemen Elemen yt zat yang."— Transcript presentasi:

1 L/O/G/O Anvisman Mayarni, S.Pd., M.Si Organisasi Tingkat Kimia Semua zat yang berada di alam terdiri dari elemen Elemen yt zat yang tidak bisa lagi dibagi melalui reaksi kimia bisa Elemen berjumlah 106 macam dimana 92 macam didapat secara alamiah. Dari semua elemen 24 macam terdapat dalam tubuh yt C, H, O, N mencakup 96% berat badan Ca dan P 3 % dan 18 lainya yt Na, K, Cl, Fe, I, Cu dsb mencakup kurang lebih 1 % berat badan

2 Elemen terdiri dari atom, atom terkecil adalah H Dalam inti ada partikel yg bermuatan positif yt proton dan partikel yang tidak bermuatan(netron) Atom H berpenampang 1 A 1 A = 1/ 10 nm = 1/ mikron = 1/ mm = 1/ cm ATom terdiri dr inti dan elektron

3 Elektron bermuatan negatif dan mengelilingi inti. Bila atom bersenyawa dg yg lain disebut reaksi kimia Pada reaksi terbentuk produk baru Khusus reaksi kimia ini yg menjadi dasar kehidupan Jumlah proton dlm inti disebut nomor atom jumlah proton tambah netron disebut berat atom Elektron bergerak mengelilingi inti dalam berbagai orbit yg disebut tingkatan energi. [ Image information in product ]  Image :  Note to customers : This image has been licensed to be used within this PowerPoint template only. You may not extract the image for any other use.

4 Sambungan.ket:.Tiap orbit berjarak tertentu dr inti.Mempunyai jumlah elektron maksimun tertentu.Orbit ke 1 maksimum 2 elektron,orbit ke 2 max 8..Orbit ke 3 yg bernomor atom kecil dr 20 max 8 elekt. bernomor atom besar dr 20 bisa mengorbit 18 elekt.Semua atom berupaya oebit terluarnya mengikat elektron maksimum.Untuk ini atom bisa melepaskan elektron terluar atau mengambil elektron dr atom lain [ Image information in product ]  Image :  Note to customers : This image has been licensed to be used within this PowerPoint template only. You may not extract the image for any other use.

5 sambungan.Atau bisa juga 1 elektron mengorbit pada 2 inti Atom Hidrogen Nomor atom 1 Atom yg orbit terluarnya tdk Terisi penuh elektron bertendensi dg atom lain agar orbit terluarnya terisi penuh elektron Reaksi in disebut reaksi kimia [ Image information in product ]  Image :  Note to customers : This image has been licensed to be used within this PowerPoint template only. You may not extract the image for any other use. 1 P + Text 2pT2 p2 Text

6 Sambungan.ket:.Atom yg orbit terluarnya terisi penuh elekt elemen innert dan tdk mudah ikut reaksi kimia cont. helium Bila dua atau lebih bersenyawa menghasilkan molekul bisa bersenyawa dg atom sama / beda. Atom dalam satu molekul diikat oleh gaya tarik disebut ikatan kimia. Ada tiga jenis ikatan kimia yt ikatan ionik, ikatan kovalen dan ikatan hidrogen [ Image information in product ]  Image :  Note to customers : This image has been licensed to be used within this PowerPoint template only. You may not extract the image for any other use.

7 Sambungan.Ikatan ionik.Untuk menerangkan ikatan ionik kita ambil contoh.Atom Clor 17 proton, 18 netron pd inti dg orbit elektron: 2 : 8 : 7, agar orbit terluar menjadi 8 clor bertendensi mengambil 1 elektron dr atom lain. Bila elektron pada orbit terluar 8 maka Clor sekarang kelebihan 1 elektron bermuatan negatif. Sekarang sebagai Cl -.Natrium dg inti 11 proton dan 12 netron. Orbit elektronya 2: 8 : 1 Na bertendensi melepas 1 elektron. Na skrg 11 proton 10 elektron = Na + [ Image information in product ]  Image :  Note to customers : This image has been licensed to be used within this PowerPoint template only. You may not extract the image for any other use.

8 Sambungan.Na skrg hanya punya 2orbit elektron yt 2 : 8 yg stabil. Atom Cl - dan Na + saling tarik menarik karena berbeda muatan. Gaya tarik ini menyebabkan mengikat Na Cl menjadi molekul NaCl (garam dapur [ Image information in product ]  Image :  Note to customers : This image has been licensed to be used within this PowerPoint template only. You may not extract the image for any other use.

9 Click to edit title style ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Text in here

10 Click to edit title style ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents M1M2 M4M3

11 Click to edit title style Text ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents

12 Click to edit title style Title in here Description of the contents Text in here Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc.

13

14 Click to edit title style Description of the contents Text in here ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Text in here ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Text in here ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Text in here ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc.

15 Click to edit title style % 70% 160% 230% 100% 150% 380% 300% Text in here (unit: %) Year  Click to add Text Description of the contents

16 Click to edit title style Text in here Contents Contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents  Description of the business ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents

17 Click to edit title style Title in here Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Text in here

18 Click to edit title style Add your title in here Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc.

19 Click to edit title style Text in here Description of the contents Description of the contents Description of the contents Text in here Title in here

20 Click to edit title style Title in here ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Description of the contents Title in here

21 Click to edit title style ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Title in here A A B B C C D D

22 Click to edit title style “ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc.” Text in here Description of the contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Text in here

23 Click to edit title style 20% 40% 80% 100% 120% 140% 160% Description of the contents Description of the contents 90% Text in here 155% Text in here contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc.

24 Click to edit title style ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc. Title in here 2. Description of the company’s sub contents 1. Description of the company’s sub contents ThemeGallery is a Design Digital Content & Contents mall developed by Guild Design Inc.

25 Click to edit title style CEO Text in here

26 L/O/G/O Thank you!


Download ppt "L/O/G/O Anvisman Mayarni, S.Pd., M.Si www.themegallery.com Organisasi Tingkat Kimia Semua zat yang berada di alam terdiri dari elemen Elemen yt zat yang."

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google