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Domain Arkhaea Dunia Archaea : 2 Phylum 1.Phylum Crenarcheota 2.Phylum Euryarcheota.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Domain Arkhaea Dunia Archaea : 2 Phylum 1.Phylum Crenarcheota 2.Phylum Euryarcheota."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Domain Arkhaea Dunia Archaea : 2 Phylum 1.Phylum Crenarcheota 2.Phylum Euryarcheota

2 Arkhaea & Carl Woese Carl Woese

3 Perbedaan Archaea dengan Bacteria Dinding sel Membran sitoplasma Resistensi terhadap antibiotik Jumlah subunit RNA Polimerase Adanya intron tRNA pada Archaea

4 Keanekaragaman Mikrobia A. Domain Archaea: 1. Dunia Archaea: 2 Phylum B. Domain Bacteria : 2. Dunia Bacteria : 23 Phylum C. Domain Eukarya: 1.Dunia Fungi 2.Dunia Protista 3.Dunia Plantae 4.Dunia Animalia

5 Klasifikasi Filogenetik

6 Phylogeny Archaea

7

8 Sel Archaea: morfologi

9 Phylogenetic Classification:  Bergeys Manual of Systematic Bacteriology ( Vol 1 – 5, Second Edition; ?) I.Domain Archaea 1. Phylum Crenarcheota (1 Class: 3 Orders) 2. Phylum Euryarcheota (7 Classes: 9 Orders)

10 Domain Archaea (: 1 Kingdom) Kingdom Archaea (2 Phylum) Phylum I. Crenarchaeota ( 1 Classis) Classis 1. Thermoprotei (3 Ordo) Ordo 1. Thermproteales (2 Familia) Familia 1. Thermoproteaceae (4 Genera) Familia 2. Thermofilaceae (1 Genus) Ordo 2. Desulforococcales (2 Familia) Familia 1. Desulforococcaceae (8 Genera) Familia 2. Pyrodictiaceae (3 Genera) Ordo 3. Sulfolobales (1 Familia) Familia 1. Sulfolobaceae ( 6 Genera)

11 Genus: Thermoproteus Copy right: K.O.Stetter & R.Rachel, Univ.Regensburg Extreemly thermophilic-anaaerobic Archaea TEM image by Wolfram Zillig.

12 Genus: Desulforococcus Dsfc. saccahrovorans

13 Genus: Sulfolobus Sulfolobus solfataricus

14 Phylum II. Euryarchaeota (7 Classis) Classis 1. Methanobacteria (1 Ordo) Ordo 1. Methanobacteriales (2 Familia) Familia 1. Methanobacteriaceae ( 4 Genera) Familia 2. Methanothermaceae (1 Genus)

15 Methanogenic Archaea

16 Gnus: Methanobacterium Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum

17 Genus: Methanobacterium & Methylomonas Methanobacterium bryanti Methanobacterium subterraneum Methylomonas scandinavium

18 Classis 2. Methanococci (3 Ordo) Ordo 1. Methanococcales (2 Familia) Familia 1. Methanococcaceae (2 Genera) Familia 2. Methanocaldococcaceae (2 Genera) Ordo 2. Methanomicrobiales (3 familia) Familia 1. Methanomicrobiaceae (6 Genera) Familia 2. Methanocorpusculaceae (1 Genus) Familia 3. Methanospirillaceae (1 Genus) Genus 1. Methanocalculus (Genus incertae sedis) Ordo 3. Methanosarcinales (2 familia) Familia 1. Methanosarcinaceae (6 Genera) Familia 2. Methanosaetaceae (1 Genus)

19 Methanococcus & Methanomicrobium Methanococcus vineliMethanomicrobium mobile

20 Genus: Methanomicrobium

21 Methanococcus janashii

22 Genus: Methanosarcina Methanosarcina acetivorans Methanosarcina barkeri

23 Classis 3. Halobacteria (1 Ordo) Ordo 1. Halobacteriales (1 Familia; 1 Genus) Classis 4. Thermoplasmata (1 Ordo) Ordo 1. Thermoplasmatales (2 Familia) Familia 1. Thermoplasmataceae (1 Genus) Familia 2. Picrophilacese (1 Genus) Classis 5. Thermococci (1 Ordo) Ordo 1. Thermococcales (1 Familia) Familia 1. Thermococcaceae (2 Genera)

24 Halophilic Archaea Methanosarcina mazei Great Salt Lake, North Arm: pink wate

25 Genus: Halobacterium Halobacterium salinarum

26 Genus: Halobacterium Halobacterium bloom at Cheetam Lake, Australia Halobacterium halobium

27 Thermophilic Archaea Sulfolobussolfataricus

28 Genus: Thermoplasma & Thermococcus Thermococcus acidiminovorans Thermoplasma acidophilum

29 Thermoplasma tree

30 Genus: Pyrococcus Pyrococcus furiosus Pyrococcus abysi

31 Classis 6. Archaeoglobi (1 Ordo) Ordo 1. Archaeoglobales (1 Familia) Familia 1. Archaeoglobaceae (2 Genera) Classis 7. Methanopyri (1 Ordo) Ordo 1. Methanopyrales (1 Familia) Familia 1. Methanopyraceae (1 Genus)

32 Genus: Archaeoglobus Archaeoglobus fulgidus A. veneficus Archaeoglobus in biofilm

33 Genus: Methanopyrus Methanopyrus kandleri


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