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Silabus dan Pendahuluan Pertemuan 1 Matakuliah: M0232/Testing dan Implementasi Sistem Tahun: 2008.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Silabus dan Pendahuluan Pertemuan 1 Matakuliah: M0232/Testing dan Implementasi Sistem Tahun: 2008."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Silabus dan Pendahuluan Pertemuan 1 Matakuliah: M0232/Testing dan Implementasi Sistem Tahun: 2008

2 Bina Nusantara Tujuan Instruksional Umum Mahasiswa akan dapat menerangkan peranan tahap pengujian dan tahap implementasi pada rangkaian siklus hidup pengembangan sistem perangkat lunak. (C2) Mahasiswa akan dapat menghasilkan perencanaan pengujian (test plan) suatu proyek pengujian perangkat lunak. (C3) Mahasiswa akan dapat menyimpulkan hasil proses pengujian yang dilakukan. (C6) Mahasiswa akan dapat mendesain laboratorium pengujian. (C6) Mahasiswa akan dapat menciptakan tim pengujian berdasarkan kualifikasi yang dibutuhkan. (C5)

3 Bina Nusantara BUKU WAJIB Black, Rex. (2002). Managing The Testing Process. 2 st Ed., Microsoft Press, Redmond, Washington ISBN X

4 Bina Nusantara Referensi Lainnya (lihat SAP)

5 Bina Nusantara Topik Bahasan  Pendahuluan & Dasar2 Pengujian Software (Introduction & Ch. 1) – Pert. 1  Kualitas Perangkat Lunak (Ch. 1) – Pert. 2 & 3  Test Plan (Ch. 2) – Pert. 4  Test System Architecture, Cases, & Coverage (Ch. 3) – Pert. 5  The Bug Tracking Databases (Ch. 4) – Pertemuan 6 & 7  Test Tracking Spreadsheet (Ch. 5) – Pert. 8  Managing the Dynamic (Ch. 6) - Pert. 9  Stocking & Managing a Test Lab. (Ch.7) – Pert. 10  Staffing & Managing Test Team (Ch. 8) – Pert. 11  Organizational Challenges for Test Manager (Ch. 9) – Pert. 12  Distributing a Test Project (Ch. 10) – Pert. 13

6 Bina Nusantara PENDAHULUAN

7 Bina Nusantara TIK Mahasiswa akan dapat mendefinisikan pengertian pengujian dan implementasi perangkat lunak. (C1) TIK-1 Mahasiswa akan dapat menerangkan peranan tahap pengujian dan implementasi dalam siklus hidup pengembangan sistem perangkat lunak. (C2) TIK-2 Mahasiswa akan dapat menjelaskan pentingnya pengelolaan proses pengujian. (C2) TIK-3 Mahasiswa akan dapat menyebutkan sumber daya dan alat-alat bantu yang diperlukan untuk mengelola dan melaksanakan proses pengujian. (C1) TIK-4 Mahasiswa akan dapat menjelaskan strategi pengujian (test granularity) yang akan menentukan kedalaman tingkat fokus pengujian. (C2) TIK-5 Mahasiswa akan dapat menguraikan fase tingkatan pengujian. (C2) TIK-6

8 Bina Nusantara Pengujian Perangkat Lunak (Software Testing)

9 Bina Nusantara Pengujian (Testing) Pengujian perangkat lunak (Software testing) adalah proses untuk mengukur kualitas dari perangkat lunak yang dikembangkan. Kualitas perangkat lunak (software quality) mengukur seberapa baik sistem perangkat lunak dirancang (quality of design), dan tingkat kesesuaian perangkat lunak dengan rancangan yang telah dibuat (quality of conformance). Standar internasional yang digunakan untuk mengevaluasi kualitas perangkat lunak adalah ISO 9126 yang mendefinisikan karakteristik perangkat lunak yang berkualitas.

10 Bina Nusantara Why test software? “Software bugs, or errors......cost the U.S. economy an estimated $59.5 billion annually...more than a third of these costs, or an estimated $22.2 billion... could be eliminated by an improved testing...” NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), 2002

11 Bina Nusantara Why find bugs in software early? A software defect left unfixed until late in the development cycle costs 80 to 1000 times more to fix than it would if it was dealt with earlier Gartner Inc.

12 Bina Nusantara Purpose of software testing ”Software Testing is the process of executing a program or system with the intent of finding errors” * or ”Any activity aimed at evaluating an attribute or capability of a program or system and determining that it meets its required results” ** * Glenford Myers, The art of software testing ** William Hetzel, The Complete Guide to Software Testing

13 Bina Nusantara When to stop testing? Complete testing of a system is generally unfeasible (too expensive) Testing normally stops: –when resources are exhausted or –when the software meets the requirements or –when the benefit of continued testing cannot justify the added testing costs So, how do we know this?

14 Bina Nusantara Implementasi Perangkat Lunak (System Implementation)

15 Bina Nusantara System Implementation System Implementation or Adoption deals with the transfer (conversion) between an old system to a target system in an organization. So if a company works with an old software system, it may want to use a new system which is more efficient, has more work capacity etc. So then a new system needs to be adopted, where after it can be used.

16 Bina Nusantara Tahap Pengujian & Implementasi dalam Siklus Hidup Pengembangan Sistem (Testing & Implementation Phases in SDLC)

17 Bina Nusantara Traditional SDLC 17 (1) Systems Investigation (2) Systems Analysis (3) Systems Design (4) Programming (5) Testing (6) Implementation (7) Operation (8) Maintenance Go Back to a previous Stage or Stop An eight-stage systems development life cycle (SDLC)

18 Bina Nusantara Testing & Implementation Phases in SDLC Testing (Pengujian) –Checks to see if the information system will produce the expected and desired results under certain conditions Implementation (Implementasi) –The process of converting from the old system to the new system –Four major conversion strategies Parallel conversion: the old and new systems operate simultaneously for a period of time Direct conversion: the old system is cut off and the new systems is turned on at a certain point in time Pilot conversion: introduces the new system in one part of the organization Phased conversion: introduces components of the new system in stages

19 Bina Nusantara Purpose of test management To devise and apply an effective and economic test strategy Key elements: –Test planning –Test specifications –Test execution –Test monitoring and reporting –System evaluation

20 Bina Nusantara The Tools You Need A thorough test plan: meramalkan dan menghindari masalah yg potensial. A well-engineered test system A state-based bug tracking database A comprehensive test tracking spreadsheet A simple change management database Diperlukan untuk pengelolaan proses pengujian.

21 Bina Nusantara The Resources You Need A practical test lab Test Engineers and Technician Contractors and Consultants External test Labs and Vendors Diperlukan untuk menjalankan proses pengujian.

22 Bina Nusantara Dasar Sistem Pengujian Suatu pengujian yang akan dilakukan harus mempunyai fokus yang jelas. Ada 3 pertanyaan yang harus dijawab sebelum melakukan suatu pengujian: –What you might test ? –What you should test ? –What you can test ? Jawaban -> membantu menentukan fokus pengujian yang dilakukan. Fokus pengujian yang jelas akan menentukan kualitas dari sistem yang diuji.

23 Bina Nusantara 1. What you might test? Usaha Pengujian yang Diperluas (The Extended Test Effort)

24 Bina Nusantara Usaha Pengujian yang Diperluas Dalam suatu proyek pengembangan perangkat keras maupun perangkat lunak, sudah banyak proses pengujian yang dilakukan di luar organisasi. Ada 2 pandangan yang digunakan untuk menilai bagaimana kelompok diluar organisasi pengujian formal berkontribusi pada suatu proses pengujian: 1.Test Granularity : level of focus of a test 2.Test Phases : Jenis pengujian yg dilakukan dalam berbagai macam tahapan pengujian.

25 Bina Nusantara Test Granularity Refers to the fineness or coarseness of a test’s focus Can be thought of as running along a spectrum ranging from structural to behavioural test

26 Bina Nusantara Structural Test Structural test find bugs in low level operations such as those that occur down at the levels of lines of code, database schemas, chips, subassemblies, and interfaces. Structural tests are based on how a system operates

27 Bina Nusantara Who did the structural test? Expert Programmers can be good structural testing Testers develop most structural test by looking at the code and data structures

28 Bina Nusantara Behavioural Test Behavioural tests are often used to find bugs in high-level operations, at the level of features, operational profiles, and customer scenarios They are functional tests based on what a system should do Behavioral testing involves a detailed understanding of the application domain, the business problem being solved, and the mission the system serves

29 Bina Nusantara Who did the behavioral test? Testers who understand the design of the system, at least at a high level, so that they can effectively find bugs common to that type of design. In addition to understand some of the technological issues surrounding the system under test, behavioral testers must understand the special behavioral test techniques that are most effective at finding such bugs

30 Bina Nusantara What is Good Behavioral Test? Structured Methodical Often repeatable sequences of tester-created conditions Behavioral testing is the primary test technique for most independent test organizations

31 Bina Nusantara Live Testing Live Test involve putting customers, content experts, early adopters and other end users in front of the system In some cases, we encourage the testers to try to break the system Well-known form: Beta Testing

32 Bina Nusantara Test Phases Unit Testing Component or Subsystem Testing Integration or Product Testing String Testing System Testing Acceptance or User Acceptance Testing Pilot Testing

33 Bina Nusantara Benefit of Phased Test Approach Structural Testing can build product stability Structural testing using scaffolding or stubs can start early You can detect bugs earlier and more efficiently You can gather better metrics and use best-practice techniques in your testing effort Phases provide real and psychological milestones against which you can gauge the "doneness" of testing and thus the project

34 Bina Nusantara Test Phase Sequencing


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