Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

BEKERJA BERWAWASAN K3 DI INDUSTRI PERHOTELAN Pertemuan 3 Matakuliah: V0152 / Hygiene, Keamanan & Keselamatan Tahun : 2008.

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "BEKERJA BERWAWASAN K3 DI INDUSTRI PERHOTELAN Pertemuan 3 Matakuliah: V0152 / Hygiene, Keamanan & Keselamatan Tahun : 2008."— Transcript presentasi:

1 BEKERJA BERWAWASAN K3 DI INDUSTRI PERHOTELAN Pertemuan 3 Matakuliah: V0152 / Hygiene, Keamanan & Keselamatan Tahun : 2008

2 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA Departemen – Departemen di Hotel

3 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA Era Keselamatan Kerja : -Era Inspection Era Unsafe Act1930 -Era Industrial Hygiene1949 -Era Safety Mgt1950 -Era Regulation1970 -Era Accountability1980 -Era Human Factors1990 -Era Safety Mgt Sys.2000 Penyabab kecelakaan : Domino Effect - Heinrich

4 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA CARA KERJA AMAN : 1.Kenali penyebab kecelakaan/Hazards 2.Ketahui & Ikuti : - Standar/persyaratan kerja - Peraturan/legal K3 - Ikuti prosedur kerja 3.Hilangkan/kurangi terjadinya error 4.Hilangkan (energy/sumber penyebab kecelakaan) 5. Hilangkan/kurangi “UNSAFE ACT” ( 80% ) & “UNSAFE CONDITION” How to Work Safe?? 6. Memperbaiki Sistem Manajemen Kerja Operasional Hotel 7. Meningkatkan Kerjasama

5 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA HUMAN ERROR RASMUSSEN (1982) “generic psychologycal classification of human error” - Skilled-based errors (tahu, mampu, tapi unsafe act karena sudah terpola, ketidaksesuaian keterampilan dengan job design/env – khususnya untuk pekerjaan rutin) - Rule – based errors (correct but not the best practice, unprocedural – khususnya untuk baru atau tidak rutin) - Knowledge – based errors (can not analyze/decide because lack of knowledge)

6 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA BASIC CAUSE PERSONAL FACTORS - Inadequate capability - Lack of knowledge - Lack of skill - Stress - Improver motivation JOB FACTORS - Inadequate supervision - Inadequate engineering - Inadequate purchasing - Inadequate maintenance - Inadequate tools work standard - Indaquate abuse or misuse

7 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA Mampu bertindak dalam keadaan darurat sesuai dengan prosedur. Keadaan darurat mencakup : - Bomb threats - Mentally unstable customer - Accidents - Robbery - Fire - Armed hold-up - Physical event eg. Food, earthquake - Medical problem Contoh tindakan thdp keadaan darurat : Bomb threats - Ask questions eg. Who are you, where is it, when will it go off, what type is it - Write down as much as detail as possible - Call a supervisor/manager - Follow management’s instructions and evacuate

8 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA Fire -Report the fire – location, size, type -Listen for instructions -Warn others and leave the area -Don’t return until instructed to Medical -Inform your Supervisor/Manager -If necessary, call for an ambulance -If possible obtain as many details as possible from the patient-how it happenend, are they in pain, are they on medication, etc. Accidents -Always use appropriate equipment and clothing -Use correct storage techniques -Don’t use faulty equipment -Make sure lighting is eduquate -Report machine faults

9 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA PENDEKATAN PENCEGAHAN KECELAKAAN/INSIDEN Pendekatan Heinrich – Domino Effect : Minimize / Reduce / Control : -Unsafe act -Unsafe condition Pendakatan “Human Error” – Rasmussen : Minimize / Reduce / Control : -Skilled – based errors -Rule – based errors -Knowledge – based errors Pendekatan “process approach”, Improve Safety Management System : -Input control -Process control -Output control -Feedback control

10 Bina Nusantara HS/08/YULIANA CONTOH PENYEBAB KECELAKAAN -Ketergesaan -Penggunaan sumber dan alat panas -Penggunaan mesin – mesin -Ketidaktahuan cara yang banar untuk melakukan sesuatu -Dengan sengaja atau tidak sengaja melakukan hal dengan cara yang salah -Ceroboh CONTOH JENIS KECELAKAAN -Terpotong -Terbakar -Jatuh -Terkilir -Keracunan AKIBAT KECELAKAAN -Menyakitkan : fisik (sementara/selamanya) / jiwa -Menelan biaya : biaya tidak terencana / tak diharapkan -Rendahnya moral : kesejahteraan terganggu -Merusak reputasi


Download ppt "BEKERJA BERWAWASAN K3 DI INDUSTRI PERHOTELAN Pertemuan 3 Matakuliah: V0152 / Hygiene, Keamanan & Keselamatan Tahun : 2008."

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google