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Desain Tata Letak. Tujuan Strategi Tata Letak Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of: –product design and volume (product strategy)

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Presentasi berjudul: "Desain Tata Letak. Tujuan Strategi Tata Letak Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of: –product design and volume (product strategy)"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Desain Tata Letak

2 Tujuan Strategi Tata Letak Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of: –product design and volume (product strategy) –process equipment and capacity (process strategy) –quality of work life (human resource strategy) –building and site constraints (location strategy)

3 Tipe – Tipe Tata Letak Fixed-position layout Process-oriented layout Office layout Retail layout Warehouse layout Product-oriented layout

4 What is Facility Layout Location or arrangement of everything within & around buildings Objectives are to maximize –Customer satisfaction –Utilization of space, equipment, & people –Efficient flow of information, material, & people –Employee morale & safety

5 Desain Tata Letak harus Mempertimbangkan Objektivitas Berikut: Utilisasi ruang, peralatan dan orang yang lebih tinggi Aliran informasi yang lebih baik Moral karyawan yang lebih baik Interaksi dengan pelanggan yang lebih baik Fleksibelitas

6 Tipe – Tipe Tata Letak Fixed-position layout “Tata Letak dengan Posis Tetap” –Memenuhi persyaratan tata letak untuk proyek yang besar dan memakan tempat seperti proyek pembuatan kapal Process-oriented layout “Tata Letak berorientasi Proyek” –Berhubungan dengan produksi dengan volume rendah dan bervariasi tinggi Office layout “Tata Letak Kantor” –Menempatakan para karyawan, peralatan mereka dan ruangan / kantor yang melancarkan aliran informasi

7 Retail/service layout “Tata Letak Ritel” –Menempatkan rak – rak dan memberi tanggapan atas perilaku pelanggan Warehouse layout “Tata Letak Gudang” –Melihat kelebihan atau kekurangan antara ruangan dan sistem penanganan bahan Product-oriented layout “Tata Letak yang berorientasi pada Produk” –Mencari utilisasi karyawan dan mesin yang paling baik dalam produksi yang kontinyu Tipe – Tipe Tata Letak

8 Layout Strategies

9 Contoh Layout Kantor

10 Requirements of a Good Layout 3an understanding of capacity and space requirements 3selection of appropriate material handling equipment 3decisions regarding environment and aesthetics 3identification and understanding of the requirements for information flow 3identification of the cost of moving between the various work areas

11 Constraints on Layout Objectives Product design & volume Process equipment & capacity Quality of work life Building and site

12 Layout Strategies, Examples, and Criteria Service/retailDrug store Grocery store Department store Expose customer to high margin items StorageDistributor Warehouse Minimize storage and handling costs Product orientedTV assembly lineMinimize line imbalance, delay, and idle time Layout strategy Example Criteria

13 Layout Strategy Material Flow Communication Work Cell Safety Material Attributes Warehousing Service Areas Areas of Concern in Layout Strategy

14 Fixed-Position Layout Design is for stationary project Workers and equipment come to site Complicating factors –Limited space at site –Changing material needs

15 Office Layout Design positions people, equipment, & offices for maximum information flow Arranged by process or product –Example: Payroll dept. is by process Relationship chart used Examples –Insurance company –Software company

16 Office Layout Floor PlanAccounting Manager Brand X Finance Fin.Acct.

17 Retail/Service Layout Design maximizes product exposure to customers Decision variables –Store flow pattern –Allocation of (shelf) space to products Types –Grid design –Free-flow design Video

18 Retail /Service Layout - Grid DesignOffice Carts Check- out Grocery Store MeatBread Milk Produce Frozen Foods

19 A Good Service Layout (Servicescape) Considers Ambient conditions - background characteristics such as lighting, sound, smell, and temperature. Spatial layout and functionality - which involve customer circulation path planning Signs, Symbols, and Artifacts - characteristics of building design that carry social significance

20 Warehouse Layout Floor Plan Zones Conveyor Truck Order Picker

21 Product-Oriented Layout Facility organized around product Design minimizes line imbalance –Delay between work stations Types: Fabrication line; assembly line

22 Product-Oriented Requirements Standardized product High production volume Stable production quantities Uniform quality of raw materials & components

23 Product-Oriented Layout Advantages Lower variable cost per unit Lower material handling costs Lower work-in-process inventories Easier training & supervision Rapid throughput

24 Product-Oriented Layout Disadvantages Higher capital investment – Special equipment Any work stoppage stops whole process Lack of flexibility –Volume –Product

25 AB EH C D F G I 10 Min Precedence Diagram Example


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