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Desain Tata Letak.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Desain Tata Letak."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Desain Tata Letak

2 Tujuan Strategi Tata Letak
Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of: product design and volume (product strategy) process equipment and capacity (process strategy) quality of work life (human resource strategy) building and site constraints (location strategy)

3 Tipe – Tipe Tata Letak Fixed-position layout Process-oriented layout
Office layout Retail layout Warehouse layout Product-oriented layout

4 What is Facility Layout
Location or arrangement of everything within & around buildings Objectives are to maximize Customer satisfaction Utilization of space, equipment, & people Efficient flow of information, material, & people Employee morale & safety

5 Desain Tata Letak harus Mempertimbangkan Objektivitas Berikut:
Utilisasi ruang, peralatan dan orang yang lebih tinggi Aliran informasi yang lebih baik Moral karyawan yang lebih baik Interaksi dengan pelanggan yang lebih baik Fleksibelitas

6 Tipe – Tipe Tata Letak Fixed-position layout “Tata Letak dengan Posis Tetap” Memenuhi persyaratan tata letak untuk proyek yang besar dan memakan tempat seperti proyek pembuatan kapal Process-oriented layout “Tata Letak berorientasi Proyek” Berhubungan dengan produksi dengan volume rendah dan bervariasi tinggi Office layout “Tata Letak Kantor” Menempatakan para karyawan, peralatan mereka dan ruangan / kantor yang melancarkan aliran informasi

7 Tipe – Tipe Tata Letak Retail/service layout “Tata Letak Ritel”
Menempatkan rak – rak dan memberi tanggapan atas perilaku pelanggan Warehouse layout “Tata Letak Gudang” Melihat kelebihan atau kekurangan antara ruangan dan sistem penanganan bahan Product-oriented layout “Tata Letak yang berorientasi pada Produk” Mencari utilisasi karyawan dan mesin yang paling baik dalam produksi yang kontinyu

8 Layout Strategies Project Job Shop Office Retail Warehouse Repetitive
(fixed-position) Job Shop (Process- oriented) Office Retail Warehouse (storage) Repetitive /Continuous (product- Examples Pittsburgh Airport Problem Ingal Ship Building Corp. Trump Plaza Shouldice Hospital Olive Garden Allstate Insurance Microsoft Kroger’s Supermarket Walgreens Bloomingdales Federal-Mogul’s Warehouse The Gap’s distribution center Sony’s TV Assembly Line Dodge Caravans Minivans Move material to the limited storage areas around the site Manage varied material flow for each product Locate workers requiring frequent contact close to each other Expose customer to high-margin items Balance low-cost storage with low-cost material handling Equalize the task time at each workstation

9 Contoh Layout Kantor

10 Requirements of a Good Layout
an understanding of capacity and space requirements selection of appropriate material handling equipment decisions regarding environment and aesthetics identification and understanding of the requirements for information flow identification of the cost of moving between the various work areas

11 Constraints on Layout Objectives
Product design & volume Process equipment & capacity Quality of work life Building and site

12 Layout Strategies, Examples, and Criteria
Service/retail Drug store Grocery store Department store Expose customer to high margin items Storage Distributor Warehouse Minimize storage and handling costs Product oriented TV assembly line Minimize line imbalance, delay, and idle time Layout strategy Example Criteria

13 Areas of Concern in Layout Strategy
Communication Service Areas Material Attributes Layout Strategy Warehousing Work Cell Safety Material Flow

14 Fixed-Position Layout
Design is for stationary project Workers and equipment come to site Complicating factors Limited space at site Changing material needs

15 Office Layout Design positions people, equipment, & offices for maximum information flow Arranged by process or product Example: Payroll dept. is by process Relationship chart used Examples Insurance company Software company

16 Office Layout Floor Plan
Accounting Manager Brand X Finance Fin. Acct.

17 Retail/Service Layout
Design maximizes product exposure to customers Decision variables Store flow pattern Allocation of (shelf) space to products Types Grid design Free-flow design Video

18 Retail /Service Layout - Grid Design
Office Carts Check- out Grocery Store Meat Bread Milk Produce Frozen Foods

19 A Good Service Layout (Servicescape) Considers
Ambient conditions - background characteristics such as lighting, sound, smell, and temperature. Spatial layout and functionality - which involve customer circulation path planning Signs, Symbols, and Artifacts - characteristics of building design that carry social significance

20 Warehouse Layout Floor Plan
Zones Conveyor Truck Order Picker

21 Product-Oriented Layout
Facility organized around product Design minimizes line imbalance Delay between work stations Types: Fabrication line; assembly line

22 Product-Oriented Requirements
Standardized product High production volume Stable production quantities Uniform quality of raw materials & components

23 Product-Oriented Layout Advantages
Lower variable cost per unit Lower material handling costs Lower work-in-process inventories Easier training & supervision Rapid throughput

24 Product-Oriented Layout Disadvantages
Higher capital investment Special equipment Any work stoppage stops whole process Lack of flexibility Volume Product

25 Precedence Diagram Example
B E H C D F G I 10 Min. 5 11 12 3 7 4

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