Presentasi berjudul: "INDONESIA GAS SITUATION"— Transcript presentasi:
1INDONESIA GAS SITUATION MINISTRY OF ENERGY AND MINERAL RESOURCESDIRECTORATE GENERAL OF OIL AND GASINDONESIA GAS SITUATIONby :Agus Cahyono AdiDeputy Director for Oil and Gas State RevenueDelivered at:WORKSHOP ON UNCONVENTIONAL GASAPEC ENERGY WORKING GROUP (EWG 41th )VANCOUVER, CANADA, May 9-13, 2011
2AGENDA OIL AND GAS CONDITION GAS POLICY GAS INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN AND DEVELOPMENTGAS BALANCEUNCONVENTIONAL GAS DEVELOPMENTGAS DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGEI have divided my presentation into five sections.I’d like firstly to talk about the role of oil and gas industries in Indonesia.In Indonesia, Oil and gas are as strategic non-renewable natural resources which are controlled by the State and constitute vital commodities that control the livelihood of the people at large and so play important role in the national economy. Therefore, their management should be able to provide the maximum prosperity and welfare for the people.My second part will concern the delegation in the oil and gas authorities scheme.In the third part, I deal with Oil and Gas Regulatory Framework in Indonesia.The fourth part of my talk will concern the current condition of oil and gas in upstream and downstream sector.And finally, allow me to raise the issues of the investment opportunities as the main subject in my presentation.22
8ROLE OF OIL AND GAS FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OIL &GAS INDUSTRIINDUSTRIAL RAWMATERIALRESOURCESSustainable National DevelopmentFULFILL DOMESTICFUEL DEMANDHigh CapitalHigh RiskSOURCE OFSTATE REVENUEHigh TechnologyCREATINGMULTIFLIEREFFECTS
9NATIONAL GAS POLICYIMPROVING EXPLORATION ACTIVITY TO INCREASE NEW RESERVE (CONVENTIONAL AND UNCONVENTIONAL)GAS ALLOCCATION POLICYGAS PRICING POLICY (TO SECURE SUPPLY AND GROW INVESTMENT)INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENTMasukan prioritas alokasi adalah untuk pemanfaatan di hulu (antara lain listrik, pupuk)c. Urutan tidak perlu dicantumkanJudul kebijakan gas bumi nasional khususnya alokasi (kata-kata dilihat lagi)
10POLICY IMPLEMENTATION NOOUTLINEDETAILS1improving exploration activity to increase new reserveOpening new working area with the target singed contracts 40 working area per year baru pertahunIn 2009, signed contracts 34 Working Area and in 2010, signed contracts 38 Working AreaDevelop unconventional gas resources (CBM dan shale gas)2Gas allocation policyGas utilization is prioritized for domestic use by keeping considering economic field developmentA new found gas reserve utilization allocation is prioritized for fulfilling local needs. if there is an excess can be utilized for fulfilling the need outside the local.Gas utilization for domestic needs is done by considering the availability of the infrastructure, reserve and the economic of field by prioritized upstream utilization ( electricity and fertilizer)if there is a shortage (less gas supply) in certain area as result of lack of gas resources and infrastructure, so it can be done gas reallocation or swap as one form of contingency plan.
11POLICY IMPLEMENTATION CONTINUATION ...... NOOUTLINEDETAILS3Gas pricing policy (to secure supply and grow investment)Government regulate and determine gas priceGas price depend on the economic of gas field development and availability of infrastructureGas price can be increased related to oil price, product’s price and the combination of product and oil priceGas price model selection consider state revenue by considering optimum of economic growthDetermine gas price by considering balance between gas’ producer and consumer4Infrastructure DevelopmentContinue contruction transmission and distributionContruction of LNG Receviing termina in Jawa and SumatraPOLICY IMPLEMENTATION CONTINUATION
16INDONESIA GAS BALANCE MAP 2011-2025 (EXISTING SUPPLY + PROJECT SUPPLY VS CONTRACTED DEMAND)REG I (NAD)Year201120202025Supply2357819Demand257515Balance21034Keluar Region197Net Balance13THAILANDREG XI (KEPULAUAN RIAU)Year201120202025Supply550150Demand103367Balance447114-7Keluar Region57531880Masuk Region78Net Balance-50-126-87LAOSREG VII (KALIMANTAN BAGIAN TIMUR)Year201120202025Supply28891351273Demand52214020Balance23671211253Keluar Region1695333Net Balance672878REG VIII (SULAWESI BAGIAN SELATAN)Year201120202025Supply486223Demand38Balance1024Keluar RegionNet BalanceREG IX (SULAWESI BAGIAN TENGAH)Year201120202025Supply410403DemandBalanceKeluar Region335Net Balance7568MANILABANGKOKCAMBODJAVIETNAMREG X (PAPUA)Year201120202025Supply88010391024Demand2,55Balance877,51034Keluar Region9431028Net Balance-65,56- 4NADEASTNATUNABRUNEI DARUSSALAMSUMUTKUALA LUMPUREAST MALAYSIASUMTENGSINGAPOREKALTIMDURIREG II (SUMATERA BAGIAN UTARA)Year201120202025Supply52274Demand852Balance- 3325Keluar RegionNet BalanceSULAWESIPAPUAGrissikSUMSELUJUNG PANDANGMALUKU SELATANJATENGJABARJATIMPAGERUNGANBlok MaselaREG IV (JAWA BAGIAN BARAT)Year201120202025Supply61613154Demand1440583Balance-824-452Masuk Region619604Net Balance-205152REG II (SUMATERA BAGIAN TENGAH &SELATAN)Year201120202025Supply17231451106Demand870.1385Balance852.91066Keluar Region1172780Net Balance- 319286REG V (JAWA BAGIAN TENGAH)Year201120202025Supply1.814850Demand3.5130Balance- 1.718Keluar RegionNet BalanceREG VI (JAWA BAGIAN TIMUR & BALI)Year201120202025Supply467342149Demand57327542Balance- 10667107Keluar RegionNet BalanceREG XII (MALUKU BAGIAN SELATAN)Year201120202025Supply450DemandBalanceKeluar RegionNet Balance
17INDONESIA GAS BALANCE MAP 2011-2025 (EXISTING SUPPLY + PROJECT SUPPLY VS CONTRACTED DEMAND + POTENTIAL DEMAND)REG I (NAD)Year201120202025Supply2357819Demand185229Balance50-151-210Keluar Region197Net Balance-147THAILANDREG XI (KEPULAUAN RIAU)Year201120202025Supply550150Demand247234Balance303-84-234Keluar Region57531880Masuk Region78Net Balance-194-324-314LAOSREG VII (KALIMANTAN BAGIAN TIMUR)Year201120202025Supply28891351273Demand535784561Balance2354567-288Keluar Region1695333Net Balance659234REG VIII (SULAWESI BAGIAN SELATAN)Year201120202025Supply486223Demand83111110Balance35-49-87Keluar RegionNet Balance-35REG IX (SULAWESI BAGIAN TENGAH)Year201120202025Supply410403Demand30145Balance-30265258Keluar Region335Net Balance-70-77MANILABANGKOKCAMBODJAVIETNAMREG X (PAPUA)Year201120202025Supply88010391024Demand18.5221216Balance861.5818808Keluar Region9431028Net Balance-81,5-210- 220NADEASTNATUNABRUNEI DARUSSALAMSUMUTKUALA LUMPUREAST MALAYSIASUMTENGSINGAPOREKALTIMDURIREG II (SUMATERA BAGIAN UTARA)Year201120202025Supply52274Demand260203201Balance- 208-176-197Keluar RegionNet BalancePAPUASULAWESIGrissikSUMSELUJUNG PANDANGMALUKU SELATANJATENGJATIMJABARPAGERUNGANBlok MaselaREG IV (JAWA BAGIAN BARAT)Year201120202025Supply61613154Demand185822812207Balance-1242-2150-2153Masuk Region619604Net Balance-623-1546REG II (SUMATERA BAGIAN TENGAH &SELATAN)Year201120202025Supply17231451106Demand1015.5915673.9Balance707,5536-567.9Keluar Region1172780Net Balance-244REG V (JAWA BAGIAN TENGAH)Year201120202025Supply1.814850Demand168449Balance- 301-399Keluar RegionNet BalanceREG VI (JAWA BAGIAN TIMUR & BALI)Year201120202025Supply467342149Demand82111651125Balance- 354-823-976Keluar RegionNet BalanceREG XII (MALUKU BAGIAN SELATAN)Year201120202025Supply450DemandBalanceKeluar RegionNet Balance
19ROAD MAP OF CBM DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA Minister Decree No.036/2008, revision to Minister Decree No. 033/2006Ministerial Regulation No. 036, revision to Ministerial Regulation No. 033/2006PP: CBM – 1Rambutan(GOI Sponsor)CBM Estimated Production~1500 MMSCFD–1.0 BcfDCBM Estimated Production~500 MMSCFDMinisterialregulationNo.1669CBM for Electricity Pilot ProjectCBM Estimated Production~1000 MMSCFD1.8 BcfD201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022202320242025199820032004200520052006200720072008200820082009200920102010Increasing number of CBM ContractAverage production = 250 MSCFD/ wellMinister Decree No. 033/2006MinisterialThis slide shows us the road map of CBM development program.As you can see, started year 2004, LEMIGAS assigned to lead CBM pilot project development worked with MEDCO, who operates oil and gas working area in South Sumatera, including Rambutan Field.In this regards, CBM is expected to contribute for electricity start in 2011 and production estimate increasing being around 1-2% of the total energy in year 2025.Government ParticipationStart of Commercial Period (Exploration)Estimated CBM ProductionPP:Pilot ProjectLegend:Feasibility studyTechnical and EconomicalStart of CBM era(1st CBM PSC Contract )19
20CBM UTILIZATION PLANNING CBM for electrical powerCBM for another domestic consumptionCITY GASCNG for TRANSPORTATIONThere are so many reason for Indonesia to develop energy alternative. As we know, demand for oil and conventional gas is progressively increasing but its reserves are decreasing year by year. In order to keep sustainable energy supply, Indonesia has to diversified energy, one of that is CBM. Indonesia has huge CBM potential as we mentioned earlier with total resources about 450. Beside that, Indonesia already has available data and issued regulation to develop CBM.INDUSTRYCBM for LNG20
21SHALE GAS POTENTIAL AND GAS INFRASTRUCTUREGrissikSemarangPacific OceanAUSTRALIAIndian OceanBangkokPhnom PenhBan MabtapudHo Chi Minh CityCAMBODIAVIETNAMTHAILANDLAOSKhanonSongkhlaErawanBangkotLawitJernehWESTMALAYSIAPenangKertehKuala LumpurManilaPhilipinesSouthChinaSeaSingapore Gas TrunklineNatunaAlphaKota KinibaluBRUNEIBandara Seri BegawanBintuluEASTKuchingBanda AcehLhokseumaweMedanDuriPadangS U M A T R AJambiBintanSINGAPORESamarindaBalikpapanBontang LNG Plant& Export TerminalAttakaTunuBekapaiKALIMANTANBanjarmasinManadoSULAWESIUjung PandangBURUSERAMTernateHALMAHERASorongIRIAN JAYAJakartaJ A V ASurabayaBangkalanBALISUMBAWAPagerunganLOMBOKFLORESSUMBATIMORI N D O N E S I ADuyongPort DicksonPort KlangMogpuDumaiBatamGuntongArdjuna FieldsMADURAJayapuraMaluku SelatanWest NatunaPalembangCirebonExisting PipelinePlanned PipelineLNG Receiving TerminalCNG PlantLNG PlantShale Gas Highlight AreasNADBAONG SHALEKLASAFET FORMATIONTELISA SHALEThis slide shows the shale gas potential and gas infrastructure.As you can see, there are shale gas highlight areas in Sumatera and Irian Jaya (Baong Shale, Telisa Shale, Gumai and Klasafet) associated with conventional oil and gas dataGUMAI SHALEWEST JAVAEAST JAWAMerauke21
23INDONESIA GAS DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGE Indonesia endowed with potential of variety energy resources conventional as well as unconventional gasDomestic and Global Natural Gas demand increasedGovernment of Indonesia is obliged to guarantee the availability of domestic feed stock and fuel supply (including natural gas).Adequate infrastructure support is required to assure smooth supply and distribution of domestic feed stock and fuel.Source of oil and gas in Indonesia located far from demand centre.Limited oil and gas infrastructures currently hinder feed stock and fuel supply and distribution.Optimizing benefit of natural gas utilization for foreign exchange trade balance and driver of domestic economic growthNow, let’s take a brief overview about the background of natural gas utilization in Indonesia:Government of Indonesia is obliged to guarantee the availability of domestic feed stock and fuel supply.Adequate infrastructure support is required to assure smooth supply and distribution of domestic feed stock and fuel.Indonesia’s geographical condition consists of the wide spread lands among Indian Ocean with uneven population distributions.Limited oil and gas infrastructures currently hinder feed stock and fuel supply and distribution.Investment in infrastructure development absorbs huge fund, hence private important role as infrastructure investors is necessary.The increasing feed stock price and fuel consumption resulted in the increasing state budget.Energy has not been valued as its economical price.The Government should arrange oil and gas infrastructure blueprint which contains its adequate and integrated development scheme.