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Module 01-02 Indonesian – English Translation. What’s Inside Class Business Teori dan Metode dalam Penerjemahan “Some Hints on the Translation Process”

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Presentasi berjudul: "Module 01-02 Indonesian – English Translation. What’s Inside Class Business Teori dan Metode dalam Penerjemahan “Some Hints on the Translation Process”"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Module Indonesian – English Translation

2 What’s Inside Class Business Teori dan Metode dalam Penerjemahan “Some Hints on the Translation Process”

3 Grade is determined based on these scheme: 1.Attendance 2.Participation20% 3.Group / pair work 4.Individual Work 5.Mid Term30% 6.Final Exam50%

4 Pendahuluan Penerjemahan  upaya mengalihkan pesan (message) dari teks suatu bahasa (bahasa sumber/source language) ke dalam teks bahasa yang lain (bahasa sasaran) Betul salahnya (correctness) suatu terjemahan tergantung dari untuk siapa dan untuk tujuan apa terjemahan itu dibuat (Nida and Taber 1974:1)

5 Contoh; Sekaten Pasar malam

6 Metode dalam Penerjemahan Orientasi pada bahasa sumber (source language emphasis) kadar kedekatannya dengan bahasa sumber dari yang terdekat sampai yang terjauh: (1)Penerjemahan kata demi kata (word for word translation) (2)Penerjemahan harafiah (literal translation) (3)Penerjemahan setia (faithful translation) (4)Penerjemahan semantis (semantic translation)

7 Metode Orientasi pada bahasa sasaran (target language emphasis) dari yang terdekat sampai yang terjauh dari bahasa sasaran (5) Penyaduran atau Adaptasi (Adaptation) (6) Penerjemahan bebas (free translation) (7) Penerjemahan idiomatis (idiomatic translation) (8) Penerjemahan komunikatif (communicative translation)

8 Model Penerjemahan Bahasa Sumber (Source Language) Bahasa Sasaran (Target Language) Penerjemah

9 DUA HAL PENTING 1.Penerjemahan (proses) dan terjemahan (hasil) ditempatkan dalam konteks komunikasi kebahasaan. 2.Betul salahnya terjemahan menjadi relatif

10 Websters New World Dictionary From Latin, translatus, transferred; used as a past participle of transferre. 1.To change from one place to another - to change from one position, condition, transfer 2.To put into words of a different language. 3.To change into another medium or form (to translate ideas into action) 4.To put into different words; rephrase or paraphrase in explanation. 5.To retransmit (a telegraphic message) by means of an automatic machine.

11 The Art of Translation [Translation] is an exacting art that demands creative expression, philosophical precision, minute knowledge of historical and cultural contexts, and a nuanced sense of style in both the source and target languages.” American Literary Translators Association, “Promotion and Tenure.”

12 Basic Definition and Concepts in Translation

13 Four Dimensions of Translation “ Texts are not written in a vacuum. Like language, literature pre-exists it practitioners. Writers are born into a certain culture at a certain time. They inherit that culture’s language, its literary traditions (its poetics), its material and conceptual characteristics (microwaves and the ideas of Freud in twentieth century American culture; chamber-pots and the ideas of the Enlightenment in eighteenth century England) – in a word its universe of discourse – and its standards” Andre Lefevere (1992): Translating Literature: practice and theory in a comparative literature context. New York: Modern Language Association of America, p. 86.

14 Culture: “Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” Edward B Tylor, Primitive Culture, Cited by. E.L. Schusky and T.P Culbert (1978): Introducing Culture, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ, P. 5.

15 Ideology “ An Ideology…derives from the taken-for-granted assumptions, beliefs and value-systems which are shared collectively by social groups. And when an ideology is the ideology of particularly powerful social group, it is said to be dominant. Thus, dominant ideologies are mediated through powerful political and social institutions like the government, the law and the medical profession. Our perception of these institutions moreover, will be shaped in part by the specific linguistic practices of the social groups who comprise them.” P. Simpson (1993), Language, Ideology and Point of View. London: Routledge, p. 5.

16 Poetics “A poetics can be said to consist of two components: one is an inventory of literary devices, genres, motifs, prototypical characters and situations, and symbols: the other a concept of what the role of literature is, or should be, in the social system as a whole” Andre Lefevere (1992): Translation, Rewriting and the Manipulation of literary Fame. London: Routledge, p. 86.


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