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Ida Kurniati. Hello! My son recently turned 5 and will be starting kindergarten in the fall. For the past couple of years I have had some suspicions that.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Ida Kurniati. Hello! My son recently turned 5 and will be starting kindergarten in the fall. For the past couple of years I have had some suspicions that."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Ida Kurniati

2 Hello! My son recently turned 5 and will be starting kindergarten in the fall. For the past couple of years I have had some suspicions that he might be gifted. Now that he is about to start school I am concerned as to how he will do in the public school system. The public schools here are quite good but the gifted program is only a once a week pull-out program and I am not sure that would be enough. I am wondering if I should get him tested in order to get some feedback as to what his skills are and what type of school would be best in meeting his needs? I want to ensure he is properly diagnosed and properly educated. I would welcome your feedback as to if you think my son may be gifted and if so how should I proceed with his education.

3 Some specific characteristics regarding my son: He was very alert as a baby and was smiling at two weeks. He was walking at 10 months and could jump with both feet off the ground at 15 months. He reached many cognitive milestones early. He knew all colors and most shapes by months. The alphabet both upper and lowercase as well as phonics by 2 ½. Started rhyming words at 2 ½, sounding out words at 3 and also knew several sight words at that time. Realized at 4 ½ he could read though mainly beginner books and now at 5 is reading level 1 and 2 books. He was writing his name at 3 and all letters by 4. Counted to 10 at 24 months both rote and 1-to-1 correspondence

4 At 3 he was counting to 100 and at 4 could count to 1,000 ( In the car one day he wanted to count to 1,000 when he got to 500 he said this is taking to long 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000 there 1,000). Started doing simple addition and subtraction at 3 as well, all in his head, and knew that is the same as 2 + 3, etc. Did not have the early speech typical of gifted children. He talked at an average age. Maybe words at 17 months and then at 18 months speech took off. 3-4 word sentences by 2. Probably has above average vocabulary but not extremely different from peers.

5 Fast forward to now….loves to play with large numbers. Asking “what comes after a trillion?” Can count backwards from 20 and count to 100 by 10’s. Is doing beginning multiplication and understands fractions. He saw something on TV about fractions and that was all it took for him to get the concept. Told me “mommy do you want ¼ of my cookie? See I broke it in 4 pieces, the number on the bottom is how many pieces I have total, and the number on top is the number of pieces I gave you so you have ¼ of my cookie”. Loves mazes and from age 3-4 went through every maze book I could find. Now draws his own often pretty complex mazes. Loves to build with Legos and very good with logic games. Independent on computer since 2 ½.

6 Also, he has a fantastic imagination. Many imaginary friends over the years. Asks complex questions. The other day he asked “mommy if babies come from their mommy who made the first baby because it would not have a mother to give birth to it? “ Did God make the first baby, if so who made God? Maybe he came from the universe” He has an amazing memory, quite incredible all he remembers. Very curious and energetic. Socially, he does well 1 on 1 but can be uncomfortable in large groups especially at first. At school his preschool teacher said when he gets there he needs a good 30 minutes to warm up but after that is playing well with kids. Mentioned his thinking skills are very advanced for his age and that he may be gifted.

7 I am sorry this is so long! I am not sure what information is relevant. I guess my questions are: 1) Do you believe he is gifted? 2) If so, what is the best educational system for him? 3) Should I have him tested? 4) How can I help him feel more comfortable in his own skin and increase his confidence in large and

8 First question: Yes, your son is gifted, probably fairly highly gifted. Second question: The absolute ideal would be for him to be taught the material in a condensed form, such that he'd basically learn several years' worth of material in a single school year. In addition, most gifted kids also benefit from a different teaching style that involves much more emphasis on underlying concepts - most kids are not expected to understand the underlying concepts, but if they could, it circumvents the need for a lot of rote teaching. Many gifted kids are also highly curious and motivated to learn about certain topics, and therefore benefit from a more self-directed style where they get to choose the topic they study.

9 Third question: If testing can make him eligible for a program he'd benefit from, or if you're interested in knowing the results, then you should test him. But if it's possible to get him the educational style he needs without being tested, then testing is optional. Fourth question: He might benefit from a smaller class. In addition, there are various 'getting to know you' activities that can be done, such as having each child say a bit about themselves, which might help him warm up quicker. However, it's not that big a deal, so probably the best course of action would be to just let him watch silently for the first little bit.

10 Masalah - Umur anak memasuki 5 tahun - smiling at two weeks. - walking at 10 months - could jump with both feet off the ground at 15 months - knew all colors and most shapes by months. - The alphabet both upper and lowercase as well as phonics by 2 ½. - Started rhyming words at 2 ½, - sounding out words at 3 and also knew several sight words at that time. - 4 ½ he could read though mainly beginner books and now at 5 is reading level 1 and 2 books. - writing his name at 3 and all letters by 4. - Counted to 10 at 24 months both rote and 1-to-1 correspondence

11 At 3 he was counting to 100 and at 4 could count to 1,000 ( In the car one day he wanted to count to 1,000 when he got to 500 he said this is taking to long 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000 there 1,000). Started doing simple addition and subtraction at 3 as well, all in his head, and knew that is the same as 2 + 3, etc. Did not have the early speech typical of gifted children. He talked at an average age. Maybe words at 17 months and then at 18 months speech took off. 3-4 word sentences by 2. Probably has above average vocabulary but not extremely different from peers.Masalah

12 loves to play with large numbers. Asking “what comes after a trillion?” Can count backwards from 20 count to 100 by 10’s. Is doing beginning multiplication and understands fractions. He saw something on TV about fractions and that was all it took for him to get the concept. Told me “mommy do you want ¼ of my cookie? See I broke it in 4 pieces, the number on the bottom is how many pieces I have total, and the number on top is the number of pieces I gave you so you have ¼ of my cookie”. Loves mazes and from age 3-4 went through every maze book I could find. Now draws his own often pretty complex mazes. Loves to build with Legos and very good with logic games. Independent on computer since 2 ½.Masalah

13 he has a fantastic imagination. Many imaginary friends over the years. Asks complex questions. The other day he asked “mommy if babies come from their mommy who made the first baby because it would not have a mother to give birth to it? “ Did God make the first baby, if so who made God? Maybe he came from the universe” He has an amazing memory, quite incredible all he remembers. Very curious and energetic. Socially, he does well 1 on 1 but can be uncomfortable in large groups especially at first. At school his preschool teacher said when he gets there he needs a good 30 minutes to warm up but after that is playing well with kids. Mentioned his thinking skills are very advanced for his age and that he may be gifted.Masalah

14 Jawaban Do you believe he is gifted? Yes, your son is gifted, probably fairly highly gifted. If so, what is the best educational system for him? - The absolute ideal would be for him to be taught the material in a condensed form, - different teaching style that involves much more emphasis on underlying concepts - most kids are not expected to understand the underlying concepts, but if they could, it circumvents the need for a lot of rote teaching. - Many gifted kids are also highly curious and motivated to learn about certain topics, and therefore benefit from a more self- directed style where they get to choose the topic they study.

15 Should I have him tested? If testing can make him eligible for a program he'd benefit from, or if you're interested in knowing the results, then you should test him. But if it's possible to get him the educational style he needs without being tested, then testing is optional.Jawaban

16 How can I help him feel more comfortable in his own skin and increase his confidence in large He might benefit from a smaller class. In addition, there are various 'getting to know you' activities that can be done, such as having each child say a bit about themselves, which might help him warm up quicker. However, it's not that big a deal, so probably the best course of action would be to just let him watch silently for the first little bit.Jawaban

17 IQ score > 130 = Berbakat intelektual (intellectual giftedness) Belajar lebih cepat daripada umumnya perkembangan anak Menunjukkan ketrampilan atau bakat yang muncul lebih awal dan berbeda dalam area tertentu

18 Definisi Galton keberbakatan merupakan kemampuan alami yang luar biasa, diperoleh dari kombinasi sifat-sifat yang meliputi kapasitas intelektual, kemauan yang kuat, dan unjuk kerja (Whitmore, dalam Hawadi, 2002) USOE (United States Office of Education) anak berbakat adalah sebagai anak-anak yang dapat membuktikan kemampuan berprestasinya yang tinggi dalam bidang-bidang seperti intelektual, kreatif, artistik, kapasitas kepemimpinan atau akademik spesifik, dan mereka yang membutuhkan pelayanan atau aktivitas yang tidak sama dengan yang disediakan di sekolah sehubungan dengan penemuan kemampuan-kemampuannya (Hawadi, 2002).

19 Giftedness merujuk kemampuan superior alami (yang disebut aptitutes atau gifts (karunia)) yang sudah dimiliki seseorang secara spontan (alami) tanpa bimbingan atau pelatihan minimal pada satu bidang tertentu yang menempatkan seseorang tersebut 10% terbaik diantara teman-teman sebayanya. Sementara talent merujuk kepada penguasaan yang luar biasa (superior mastery) dan merupakan kemampuan/keterampilan ataupun pengetahuan yang dibentuk secara sistematis dalam salah satu bidang tertentu yang juga menempatkan mereka termasuk diantara 10 % terbaik diantara teman sebayanya yang menggeluti bidang yang sama. Untuk menjelaskan konsepnya Gagné membuat model berikut

20 Kecerdasan ialah istilah umum yang digunakan untuk menjelaskan sifat pikiran yang mencakup sejumlah kemampuan, seperti kemampuan menalar, merencanakan, memecahkan masalah, berpikir abstrak, memahami gagasan, menggunakan bahasa, dan belajar.istilah umumpikiranmenalarmerencanakan memecahkan masalahabstrakbahasabelajar Problem solving ability Verbal ability Social competence Information processing skills Experience with task Ability to adapt to the demands of a context

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22 Keturunan Nutrisi pada masa kehamilan Keluarga – pola asuh Lingkungan Sekolah Kelompok teman sebaya Komunitas Motivasi untuk berprestasi

23 Mengukur tahap perkembangan anak secara spesifik, dan terkadang digunakan untuk anak yang mempunyai perkembangan yang tidak sehat Bayley Tes intelejensi yang ditekankan pada ketrampilan verbal dan matematika Stanford-Binet Bagaimana anak memproses informasi Fagan Test Verbal dan performance IQ berserta IQ gabungan, untuk siswa preschool-usia sekolah Wechler Scales Mengukur beberapa tipe ketrampilan proses informasi dan pencapaian akademik Kaufman

24 Anak gifted biasanya memiliki problem dalam membina hubungan dengan teman. Karena kecerdasannya yang tinggi dan kemampuan berpikir yang bagus, sehingga tidak jarang teman sebayanya mengalami kesulitan dalam berkomunikasi dan mengimbangi pembicaraan dengan anak ini Kurang dapat menyesuaikan diri dengan keadaan di sekitarnya, karena mereka cenderung mandiri dan sulit untuk merasa nyaman dengan keadaan yang ada Mereka memiliki standart yang tinggi terhadap suatu pekerjaan, sehingga terkadang tidak disukai teman-temannya.

25 Respon Orang tua: menjadikan anak menjadi pemimpin akan membantu anak berkembang Hubungan keluarga: berikan tanggung jawab Sekolah: program pendidikan perlu didesign untuk perkembangan bakat Program pengayaan yang dihubungkan pada kecerdasanMotivasi atas keberhasilan pencapaian


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