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SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC UNTUK SEKTOR UMUM STUDI KASUS: PV SYSTEM DI PAPUA ME-4132 Energi Angin dan Matahari.

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Presentasi berjudul: "SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC UNTUK SEKTOR UMUM STUDI KASUS: PV SYSTEM DI PAPUA ME-4132 Energi Angin dan Matahari."— Transcript presentasi:

1 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC UNTUK SEKTOR UMUM STUDI KASUS: PV SYSTEM DI PAPUA ME-4132 Energi Angin dan Matahari

2 WHAT IS SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV)? How PV Works Senyawa kimia pada silikon Foton sinar matahari mengenai kimia fotovoltaik Elektron bebas dikumpulkan pada konduktor Listrik DC dihasilkan Inverter mengubah listrik DC ke AC

3 WHAT IS SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV)? Some Quick Facts Tidak ada bagian yang bergerak, tidak ada suara, tidak berbau Sudah digunakan selama beberapa dekade –Stasiun antariksa NASA / satelit –Aplikasi off-grid Garansi produsen selama tahun –Mampu menghasilkan listrik selama 30+ tahun. –Hanya 1 % kehilangan generator listrik setiap tahun (garansi diperhitungkan)

4 BENEFITS OF PV Energi yang Tak Ketergantungan –Menstabilkan harga energi jangka panjang –Mengurangi ketergantungan pada bahan bakar fosil –Memastikan pasokan energi –Dukungan keamanan energi dan keamanan masyarakat Pembangunan Ekonomi Lokal –Mendukung tenaga kerja lokal Manfaat lingkungan –Meningkatkan Kualitas Udara (pengurangan N0x, S0x, emisi CO2) Berkaitan dengan penyakit pernapasan, hujan asam, ozon, pemanasan global –Mengurangi kebutuhan yang besar, pusat pembangkit listrik Ketidakpastian pasokan untuk pembangkit listrik tenaga gas alam, batu bara, dan minyak bumi

5 CHALLENGES TO IMPLEMENTATION (Why isn’t everyone doing it?) Biaya –Biaya solar cell dan instalasi yang belum terjangkau oleh masyarakat Kurangnya sumber daya pemerintah –Manusia –Finansial –Pengetahuan dan pengenalan terhadap teknologi –Hanya dapat disediakan melalui program bantuan dan/atau konsultan Kebijakan lokal/Birokrasi Masyarakat –hambatan untuk perizinan, pengadaan, dan instalasi

6 PERANAN PEMERINTAH LOKAL Stimulasi transformasi pasar Mengaktifkan kebijakan dan aturan PV system yang bersahabat Memfasilitasi investasi energi terbarukan

7 PV SYSTEM UNTUK FASILITAS PEMERINTAH DAERAH DI JAYAPURA, PAPUA

8 Project background Objectives: Development of a knowledge centre on solar energy at ITB in Bandung –Improved curriculum on solar energy –Source of knowledge for people and companies wanting to develop solar energy projects –Research program on solar energy Development of a pilot solar power system on a rooftop in Papua –Create positive awareness about solar power possibilities –Generation of data for academic research 8/20/2014Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 8

9 Project background Consortium UT: strong ambition regarding international cooperation in the field of sustainable energy ITB: responsiveness towards developments in the field of sustainability and energy in Indonesia Solinvest Renewable Energy: active in clean-tech energy development in Indonesia WWF-Indonesia: knowledge of sustainable development in Indonesia and particularly Papua KroeseWevers: process facilitation and control 8/20/2014Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 9

10 Consortium and cooperation in the project 8/20/2014Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 10 UT ITB S-I KWKW WWF

11 Consortium and cooperation in the project 8/20/2014Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 11 UT ITB S-I KWKW WWF Local Gov. UnCen PLN Indonesian universities SMEs CE

12 Benefits of the PV system for Local Government of Jayapura City Around kWh produced per year and used by Local Government: lower electricity bill Operations and maintenance skills developed by staff of Pemda Positive exposure of Local Government to the public Improvement of contacts with various universities and organisations 12/12/2011Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 12

13 PV System Jayapura (1) 13 The 35 kWp PV system have been installed on the roof of the new Major office building in rooftop. Over kWh produced per year, lower energy bill Today a Cooperation Agreement will be signed between: The City of Jayapura  beneficiary of electricity, maintenance ITB  owner of the PV system for 6 years, research Universitas Cenderawasih  assisting in maintenance, knowledge, research WWF Indonesia  public attention, education on solar power Major Building in Jayapura

14 PV System Jayapura (2) 14 The installation have been done by Indonesian solar energy company PT Contained Energy in June The PV system will operate for 25 years. For good operations and maintenance the following steps have been taken: 1.Contained Energy provides a maintenance manual 2.Contained Energy provides a 2 day training to employees of Pemda Jayapura, Uncen and WWF 3.Contained Energy will conduct inspection visits for 3 years 4.Uncen will assist in case of technical problems and assist in annual inspections and provide extra training on Pemda’s request 5.Guarantees on panels and inverters (5-15 years) In this way we ensure reliable green electricity for 25 years.

15 This is the scheme of the PV system that will be installed. It’s performance will be monitored and evaluated. PV system in Jayapura, Papua 12,24 kWp x-Si CEEG SST 240 Wp SMA TriPower 12000TL 12,24 kWp x-Si CEEG SST 240 Wp SMA TriPower 12000TL 7,2 kWp Thin film AmpleSun 100Wp SMA MC7000 HV 2.88 kWp x-Si CEEG SST 240 Wp 12 Involar MicroInvert ers Diesel GENSET Electricity consumption building PLN

16 Kantor Walikota Jayapura

17 Panel placement (35 kW, kWh/year)

18 Sketch of panel rack

19 Sunny Tripower Inverter

20 Solar System

21 Digital display Sunny Tripower inverter

22 Weather Hawk 232

23 PV SYSTEM Development (February 2012)

24 Roof (February 2012) 8/20/2014 Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 24

25 Control Room (February 2012) 8/20/2014 Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 25

26 Control Room (February 2012) 8/20/2014 Sustainable Solar Energy in Indonesia 26

27 PV SYSTEM Development (April 2012)

28 28 PV SYSTEM Development (October 2012)

29 PV System in Jayapura

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