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Dasar Sistem Telekomunikasi TE-09-1313 2 sks Tim Bidang Studi Telekomunikasi Multimedia (Achmad Ansori, Devy Kuswidiastuti, Gatot Kusrahardjo, M Aries.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Dasar Sistem Telekomunikasi TE-09-1313 2 sks Tim Bidang Studi Telekomunikasi Multimedia (Achmad Ansori, Devy Kuswidiastuti, Gatot Kusrahardjo, M Aries."— Transcript presentasi:

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2 Dasar Sistem Telekomunikasi TE-09-1313 2 sks Tim Bidang Studi Telekomunikasi Multimedia (Achmad Ansori, Devy Kuswidiastuti, Gatot Kusrahardjo, M Aries Purnomo) 1TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

3 Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan dasar- dasar sistem telekomunikasi, meliputi sejarah dan evolusi serta kondisi mutakhir sistem telekomunikasi. Tujuan 2TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

4 MATERI :  Telekomunikasi  Transmisi  Sinyal  Emisi & Radiasi  Model Sistem Telekomunikasi  Methode Operasi  Bentuk Operasional  Bentuk Layanan  Konsep Transmisi  Satuan, Decibel  Gain & Loss  Noise dalam Sistem Telekomunikasi  Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) 3TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

5  Pemancar Radio  Gelombang Elektromagnetik  Perkembangan Proses Telekomunikasi  Perkembangan proses di Terminal  Perkembangan Teknologi Transmisi  Jaringan Telekomunikasi  Sistem Komunikasi Satelit  Sistem Komunikasi Optik  Sistem Komunikasi Data  Sistem Komunikasi Bergerak/seluler 4TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

6 Pustaka : Roger L Freeman, Telecommunication System Engineering, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1989 Roger L Freeman, Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1994 Roger L Freeman, Telecommunication Transmission Handbook, New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1991 ITU-T Recommendation G.100.1, The use of the decibel and of relative levels in speechband telecommunications, 2001 ITU-T Recommendation G.701, Vocabulary of digital transmission and multiplexing, and pulse code modulation (PCM) terms, 1993 ITU-R Recommendation V.662-3, Term and definitions, 2000 ITU-R Recommendatin V.573-4, Radiocommunication vocabulary, 2000 5TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

7 Modul – 1 Pendahuluan TE-09-1313-01-Introduction6

8 7 Dasar Sistem Telekomunikasi

9 SISTEM Sekumpulan atau serangkaian komponen / bagian / elemen yang dikelompokkan dalam satu kesatuan yang bekerja sama untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu Komponen / bagian / elemen  Sub Sistem 8TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

10 KOMUNIKASI COMMUNICATIO = PENGUMUMAN Penyampaian pesan (pikiran, kehendak dan perasaan) kepada orang lain 9TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

11 KOMUNIKASI 10TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

12 Communication : Information transfer according to agreed conventions. Information : Intelligence or knowledge capable of being represented in forms suitable for communication, storage or processing. NOTE – Information may be represented for example by signs, symbols, pictures or sounds. Signal : A physical phenomenon one or more of whose characteristics may vary to represent information. NOTE – The physical phenomenon may be for instance an electromagnetic wave or acoustic wave and the characteristic may be an electric field, a voltage or a sound pressure. Sumber : ITU-R Recommendation V.662-3, Term and definitions, 2000 11TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

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14 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction13 Morse Code Signal ITU R Rec M-1677-2004

15 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction14

16 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction15

17 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction16

18 TELEKOMUNIKASI Tele = jauh Communication at a distance 17TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

19 Telecommunication : Communication by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems. NOTE – The following definition is given in the Constitution of the International Telecommunication Union (Geneva, 1992) (CS 1012) (and RR No. S1.3): Any transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, writings, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems. Transmission : The transfer of information from one point to one or more other points by means of signals 18TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

20 Telekomunikasi : Setiap pemancaran, pengiriman, dan atau penerimaan dari setiap informasi dalam bentuk tanda-tanda, isyarat, tulisan, gambar, suara dan bunyi melalui kawat, optik, radio, atau sistem elektromagnetik lainnya. ( UU No. 36 Th 1999 tentang TELEKOMUNIKASI ) 19TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

21 TELEKOMUNIKASI Alat Telekomunikasi Setiap alat perlengkapan yang digunakan dalam bertelekomunikasi Perangkat Telekomunikasi Sekelompok alat telekomunikasi yang memungkinkan bertelekomunikasi 20TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

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23 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction22

24 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction23

25 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction24 Gelombang Suara Media Transmisi / Kanal

26 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction25 Tanda-tanda Isyarat Tulisan Gambar Suara / bunyi Suara / Bunyi

27 Model Sistem Komunikasi Listrik ( elemen dasar ) Media Transmisi PenerimaPemancar Wire / Kawat / Kabel Wireless / Radio Fiber Optik 26TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

28 MODEL SISTEM KOMUNIKASI Mediapenerimapengirim penerima pengirimMedia Pengirim/ Penerima Media Pengirim/ Penerima 27TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

29 28TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

30 29 Elements of a Communication System

31 Tranducer Transducer / Konversi Informasi listrik Informasi bukan listrik Informasi listrik Informasi bukan listrik Mikrophone Loudspeaker Kamera Video Monitor Video 30TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

32 Model Sistem Komunikasi Listrik Media Transducer PemancarPenerima Informasi - Wire / kawat / kabel - Wireless / radio / optik 31TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

33 BENTUK OPERASIONAL (1) TELEGRAHY Bentuk telekomunikasi untuk transmisi dalam bentuk tulisan dengan menggunakan kode sinyal 32TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

34 BENTUK OPERASIONAL (2) TELEPHONY Bentuk telekomunikasi untuk transmisi dalam bentuk pembicaraan 33TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

35 BENTUK OPERASIONAL (3) TELEVISI Bentuk telekomunikasi untuk transmisi gambar diam atau gambar bergerak 34TE-09-1313-01-Introduction

36 35 Telecommunication network, telecommunication system All the means of providing telecommunication services between a number of locations where equipment provides access to these services. (telecommunication) terminal : An equipment connected to a telecommunication network to provide access to one or more specific services. NOTE – The term may be qualified to indicate the type of service or user, e.g. “data terminal”, “subscriber’s terminal”.

37 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction36 Telecommunication Network Exchange Transmission system Transmission system Operations system Operations system Operations system Exchange Workstation Data communications network TMN

38 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction37  User (CTE)  Access  Exchange  Transmission  TMN

39 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction38

40 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction39 Daftar produk telekomunikasi Indonesia Telepon Analog (PSTN)  Telkom  Indosat : IndosatPhone Mobile : GSM : Telkomsel : Pascabayar; KartuHALO, Prabayar; SimPATI, Kartu AS Indosat : Pascabayar; Matrix, Prabayar; IM3, Mentari Natrindo : Prabayar dan Pascabayar; AXIS Exclecomindo (XL) : Prabayar dan Pascabayar; XL Hutchinson (3) (Tri) : Prabayar dan Pascabayar; 3 (Tri)

41 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction40 CDMA : Mobile-8 Fren (prabayar dan pascabayar) - no. awalan 0885, 0886, 0887, dan 0888 Mobi (pascabayar) - no. awalan 0889 Sampoerna Telekom : Ceria (prabayar dan pascabayar) - no. awalan 0828 Smart Telecom : Smart - nomor awalan 0881, 0882, 0883, 0884 Indosat : Prabayar dan Pascabayar; Star One Bakrie Telecom : Prabayar dan Pascabayar; Esia, Wifone Telkom : Prabayar dan Pascabayar; Telkom Flexi

42 TE-09-1313-01-Introduction41 Daftar Kode SLI di Indonesia Telkom IDD; 007 VoIP; 01017 Indosat IDD; 001, 008 VoIP; 01016 Bakrie Telecom IDD; 009 Axis VoIP; 01012 XL VoIP; 01000


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