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Bangsa-bangsa Ternak Kambing dan Domba. Perbedaan kambing dan domba Domba Flocking insting/behaviour Flocking insting/behaviour Grazer Grazer Glandula.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Bangsa-bangsa Ternak Kambing dan Domba. Perbedaan kambing dan domba Domba Flocking insting/behaviour Flocking insting/behaviour Grazer Grazer Glandula."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Bangsa-bangsa Ternak Kambing dan Domba

2 Perbedaan kambing dan domba Domba Flocking insting/behaviour Flocking insting/behaviour Grazer Grazer Glandula suborbitalis & Glandula interdigitalis Glandula suborbitalis & Glandula interdigitalis Kambing Soliter Soliter Browser Browser Kambing jantan memiliki kelenjar di bawah ekornya Kambing jantan memiliki kelenjar di bawah ekornya More intelligent More intelligent

3 Tipe Domba Dapat dibedakan berdasarkan : Primary purpose (meat, wool, milk) Primary purpose (meat, wool, milk) Type of fiber (fine (<20 mikron), medium or coarse wool, or hair) Type of fiber (fine (<20 mikron), medium or coarse wool, or hair) Face’s colour Face’s colour

4 Tipe Domba Type wool : Type wool : –Badan ringan –Daging tipis/kurus –Aktif –Berkulit longgar Type mutton (daging) Type mutton (daging) –Badan padat –Dada lebar dan dalam –Kaki-badan-leher relatif pendek –Jinak/lebih lamban

5 Rambouillet Largest frame size of the fine wool breed Largest frame size of the fine wool breed Originated in France Originated in France White faced with wool on legs White faced with wool on legs Most popular of the fine wool breeds Most popular of the fine wool breeds

6 Merino Three types Three types –A & B have wrinkled skin with A being more wrinkled than B type. Which are called the American Merino –C type has very little wrinkle to the skin and most popular in the USA. Which is called the Delaine Marino

7 Debouillet Cross between Rambouillet and Delaine Merino Cross between Rambouillet and Delaine Merino White faced with wool on legs White faced with wool on legs Intermediate in size and relatively smooth bodied Intermediate in size and relatively smooth bodied

8 Chevoit White hair on the face with black around the eyes, nose, and lips and erect ears. White hair on the face with black around the eyes, nose, and lips and erect ears. Thrive in drought conditions Thrive in drought conditions Small, blocky body type Small, blocky body type

9 Hampshire From southern England From southern England Face, lower legs, ears, and nose are dark brown or black Face, lower legs, ears, and nose are dark brown or black Very large in size Very large in size One of the most popular medium wool breed in the United States One of the most popular medium wool breed in the United States

10 Suffolk Originated in England from crossing the Southdown and Norfolk sheep Originated in England from crossing the Southdown and Norfolk sheep Has black hair on the face and below the knees and hocks Has black hair on the face and below the knees and hocks They are crossed with fine wools or crossbred breeds to produce market lambs They are crossed with fine wools or crossbred breeds to produce market lambs

11 Southdown One of the oldest sheep breeds in the world One of the oldest sheep breeds in the world Smallest wool breed of sheep that excels in carcass quality Smallest wool breed of sheep that excels in carcass quality The face, ears and legs are gray or mouse brown color The face, ears and legs are gray or mouse brown color

12 Columbian Cross between a long wool and a fine wool sheep Cross between a long wool and a fine wool sheep Face, ears and legs are white with no wool on the face Face, ears and legs are white with no wool on the face Produce medium wool and large amounts of meat

13

14 Domba Lokal Indonesia

15 Domba Garut Persilangan 3 bangsa (Merino, domba lokal JABAR dan domba ekor gemuk Afrika) Angka reproduktivitas tinggi Mudah adaptasi Laju pertumbuhan baik, jantan 60 – 80 kg, betina 30 – 40 kg Tubuh besar, dahi konveks, tanduk kuat dan besar, melingkar spiral Warna putih hitam, bulu halus, leher kuat

16 Domba Ekor Gemuk Berasal dari Asia barat daya dan sampai ke Indonesia karena dibawa oleh pedagang arab & India Berkembang di Ja-tim, Madura, Sulawesi dan p. Lombok. Bentuk ekor panjang, bagian pangkalnya besar & tebal berisi lemak sebagai cadangan energi sedangkan bagian ujung ekornya kecil karena tidak berlemak Warna bulu dominan putih, walaupun kadang2 ada penyimpangan warna jadi coklat / hitam Bulunya berupa wool kasar Domba jantan & betina umumnya tidak bertanduk BB jantan berkisar kg; BB betina berkisar kg

17 Domba Ekor Tipis Berkembang di Ja-teng & Ja-bar Badan sangat kecil Lambat dewasa Warna & tanda2 tidak seragam (warna putih merupakanwarna dominan dengan warna hitam diseputar mata-hidung-beberapa bagian tubuh lain) Hasil karkas rendah Ekor tipis & tidak berlemak Domba jantan bertanduk tipis & melingkar; domba betina tidak bertanduk Bulunya berupa wool kasar BB jantan berkisar kg; BB betina berkisar kg Keunggulann: bersifat prolific (mampu melahirkan kembar 2-5 ekor / kelahiran)

18 GOATS

19 Type of Goat Meat Goats (such as: Boer, spanish goat) Meat Goats (such as: Boer, spanish goat) Dairy Goats (such as : Saanen, Toggenburg) Dairy Goats (such as : Saanen, Toggenburg) Fiber Goats (such as : Angora, Cashmere) Fiber Goats (such as : Angora, Cashmere)

20 Boer Asal: Afrika selatan Tipe pedaging Umur 5 – 6 bulan 35 – 45 kg, 2 –3 th betina 80 –90 kg, jantan 120 – 150 kg PBBH 0,2 – 0,4 kg, % karkas 40 – 50 % Tubuh: Lebar, panj, bulat ditutupi rambut putih Bertanduk panj Asal: Afrika selatan Tipe pedaging Umur 5 – 6 bulan 35 – 45 kg, 2 –3 th betina 80 –90 kg, jantan 120 – 150 kg PBBH 0,2 – 0,4 kg, % karkas 40 – 50 % Tubuh: Lebar, panj, bulat ditutupi rambut putih Bertanduk panj

21 Spanish Goat

22 Angora Goat

23 Jamnapari/Etawah

24 Kambing Kacang Asli Indonesia, asal usul tidak diketahui Penghasil daging Prolifik Warna: putih campur hitam, coklat atau hitam Tanduk mengarah kebelk dan membelok keluar hidung lurus, leher pendek, telinga pendek tegak kedepan samping, kepala kecil dan ringan Asli Indonesia, asal usul tidak diketahui Penghasil daging Prolifik Warna: putih campur hitam, coklat atau hitam Tanduk mengarah kebelk dan membelok keluar hidung lurus, leher pendek, telinga pendek tegak kedepan samping, kepala kecil dan ringan

25 Peranakan Etawah Persilangan Etawah dengan Kacang Telinga panjang, lembek, menggantung dan ujungnya agak melipat Bentuk muka cembung melengkung dan dagu berjanggut Dibawah leher terdapat gelambir, tanduk berdiri agak kebelakang dengan ujung sedikit melingkar Tinggi tubuh cm Warna bulu umumnya belang hitam, belang coklat, coklat bertotol putih, putih totol coklat atau putih totol hitam. Persilangan Etawah dengan Kacang Telinga panjang, lembek, menggantung dan ujungnya agak melipat Bentuk muka cembung melengkung dan dagu berjanggut Dibawah leher terdapat gelambir, tanduk berdiri agak kebelakang dengan ujung sedikit melingkar Tinggi tubuh cm Warna bulu umumnya belang hitam, belang coklat, coklat bertotol putih, putih totol coklat atau putih totol hitam.

26 Kambing Gembrong


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