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Computer Network Research Group - ITB Internet & Revolusi Informasi Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group Institut Teknologi Bandung

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Presentasi berjudul: "Computer Network Research Group - ITB Internet & Revolusi Informasi Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group Institut Teknologi Bandung"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Internet & Revolusi Informasi Onno W. Purbo Computer Network Research Group Institut Teknologi Bandung

2 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Outline l Beberapa Filosofi Information Technology. l Sisi Praktis - Computer. l Sisi Praktis - Communication. l Sisi Praktis - Content. l Contoh Network Antar Universitas.

3 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Filosofi Information Technology

4 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Information Technology Communication Computer Content

5 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Information Technology 3C

6 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework

7 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework Telkom, Satelindo, Indosat CSM, Elektrindo

8 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework TCP/IP, Top Level Domain, DNS, BGP-4, Internet

9 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework Web, FTP Server, Mail, Content

10 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework Berbagai Standard Teknis

11 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework Regulasi & Kebijaksanaan Nasional (NUSANTARA-21)

12 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Layering of Information Technology National IT Application Common Network Services Telecommunication Network Technical Standards Policies and Legal Framework Mailing List

13 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Technical Standards l Digital Media l Open Systems l Bar-coding l Smart Cards l Security l High Definition TeleVision (HDTV). l Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). l Document Representation (HTML, SGML)

14 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Core Information Technology l Multimedia l Real Time Computing l Knowledge Systems l Advanced Telecommunications & Networking l Human Interface l Systems and Models

15 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komponen IT Komputer Hardware Komputer Software

16 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komputer Hardware l Client l Server l Router

17 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komputer Hardware l Client l Server l Router Tergantung pada kebutuhan / traffic, umumnya untuk client & server dapat menggunakan PC (486 / Pentium)

18 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komputer Hardware l Client l Server l Router Beberapa server dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai IP Forwarder (Router).

19 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Bottom Line Hardware PC Based sangat di mungkinkan!

20 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Bottom Line Hardware PC Based sangat di mungkinkan! PC di Pasaran Dapat Digunakan

21 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Bottom Line Hardware PC Based sangat di mungkinkan! Sun, SGI, DEC Alpha hanya digunakan pada main / corporate server

22 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Trend Hardware l Handheld PC l Internet Appliances

23 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Trend Hardware l Personal Digital Assistance (PDA)

24 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Aplikasi Mobile Computing l Internet l FAX l SMS (GSM) l Pager l Stock Market

25 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Trend Hardware Mobile Computing! (InfoKomputer - Maret 1997)

26 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komputer Software l Operating System l TCP/IP. l Beberapa aplikasi yang sedang hot.

27 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Client l Windows 3.11 l Windows 95 (MSOffice 97) l DOS.

28 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Client l Windows 3.11 l Windows 95 (MSOffice 97) l DOS. Windows Banyak Public Domain Software Untuk Internet

29 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Client l Windows 3.11 l Windows 95 (MSOffice 97) l DOS. Novell Workstation & Terutama Untuk Membaca Mail

30 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS

31 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS Windos NT & SCO Unix Internet Ready

32 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS Novell Butuh Software Mail, FTP, BOOTPD dll.

33 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS Jika Punya SDM Kuat FreeBSD & Linux Public Domain & Murah!

34 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS CD-ROM + Buku Linux Banyak di Glodok Rp ,-

35 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS NOS running over DOS Terutama Untuk Router

36 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Operating System Server l Novell. l Windows NT. l SCO UNIX. l FreeBSD. l Linux. l DOS silahkan di ambil di

37 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Bottom Line Operating System O/S Umumnya Internet Ready kunci pada SDM Mampu Internet

38 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Bottom Line Operating System O/S Umumnya Internet Ready kunci pada SDM Mampu Internet Semakin Qualified SDM Semakin Murah Implementasi

39 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Bottom Line Operating System O/S Umumnya Internet Ready kunci pada SDM Mampu Internet Training Issue Utama!

40 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Key Issue Software Internet l TCP/IP Protocol l Harus memiliki IP Address. l Harus memiliki Autonomous System (AS) Number. l Routing!!!!! - sangat fatal. l Tidak tergantung hardware & software. l Tidak tergantung jenis saluran komunikasi.

41 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Key Issue Software Internet l TCP/IP Protocol l Harus memiliki IP Address. l Harus memiliki Autonomous System (AS) Number. l Routing!!!!! - sangat fatal. l Tidak tergantung hardware & software. l Tidak tergantung jenis saluran komunikasi. IP & AS Number dari APNIC atau ISP.

42 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Key Issue Software Internet l TCP/IP Protocol l Harus memiliki IP Address. l Harus memiliki Autonomous System (AS) Number. l Routing!!!!! - sangat fatal. l Tidak tergantung hardware & software. l Tidak tergantung jenis saluran komunikasi. Kunci Pada Routing: RIP, OSPF, BGP-4

43 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone-

44 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone- Ada Lebih Dari Kelompok Diskusi di Internet

45 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone- Ada Ratusan Virtual Library di Internet

46 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone- Ada Ribuan FTP Server Membawa Banyak File

47 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone- Ratusan Reflector Telah Dipasang di Internet (termasuk di ITB) Video Conference Melalui Internet - Rp / jam - 64Kbps! (Investasi Multimedia PC + US$150)

48 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone- Puluhan FAX Server di Internet Dapat di akses melalui & mengirimkan FAX ke seluruh dunia.

49 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Beberapa Servis Internet l l mailing l News servernews.ee.itb.ac.id. l WWW l FTP serverftp.ee.itb.ac.id. l Videoconference- l Internet FAX Server- l Internet Phone- Menelepon Ke Seluruh Dunia Via Interet -Tanpa SLI Kebutuhan MultiMedia PC + Mic

50 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Hot Aplikasi l Web & Database Corporate. l Multicast Backbone

51 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Web l Web Server (HTTPD). –NCSA. –CERN. –Microsoft. –AltaVista. l Database (SQL)

52 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Contoh Search Lycos

53 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Search Engine Internet l l l l l l l l

54 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Search Engine Internet l l l l l l l Home Page Corporate di daftarkan di Internet Search Engine

55 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Kunci Search Engine l SQL Database l CGI l HTTPD

56 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Konsep Multicast Backbone l IP address MBone l Client akan “monitor” pada IP address MBONE. l Menggunakan software switching mrouted

57 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Visualisasi MBONE

58 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Aplikasi MBONE l Video Broadcasting via Internet l Video on Demand. l TV Broadcasting via Internet l TV Reflector di Internet. l Video Teleconference via Internet. l Radio Broadcast via Internet.

59 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Ujicoba MBONE di Indonesia l ITB sudah menjalankan MBONE dalam jaringannya. l Video conference dengan Hong Kong University of Science & Technology setiap minggu. l Ujicoba card Frame Grabber dari INTEL.

60 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komponen IT Komunikasi

61 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Teknologi Komunikasi l Wireless Wide Area Network l Wireless Data Network l Teknologi HDSL & sebangsanya. l ISDN. l LMDS / MMDS

62 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Peralatan Wireless WAN l Card Wireless Ethernet l Speed 2Mbps s/d 10Mbps l Distance km :-).... l Antenna Yagi / Disc l PC sebagai router ke LAN Ethernet

63 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Wireless LAN PC dengan spesifikasi: 386 4Mbyte RAM Cukup Floppy Ethernet card ke LAN

64 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Wireless LAN Spec.250mW 915MHz / 2.4GHz 1,55 - 2,048Mbps Teknologi CDMA US$ / pair

65 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Wireless LAN Antenna Loop Yagi 915Mhz US$ Disc 2.4GHz

66 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Wireless LAN Percobaan di ITB, Bandung Dengan Antenna Loop Yagi 915MHz Jarak 15 km LAN-to-LAN Connection 2Mbps (sponsor PT. Compact Microwave Indonesia)

67 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Wireless Data Network l Minimal ada 3 operator di Indonesia. l Card PCMCIA di Palmtop, Laptop, Handheld PC. l Kecepatan Kbps.

68 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Wireless Data Network InfoKomputer - Maret 1997

69 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Teknologi HDSL l Modem HDSL l Speed 2,048Mbps l Distance 5 km via chopper wire l PC dengan Interface card / Router

70 Computer Network Research Group - ITB HDSL Equipment

71 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Teknologi ISDN l Card ISDN l Speed 2 x 64Kbps l PC sebagai Router

72 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Teknologi ISDN l Card ISDN l Speed 2 x 64Kbps l PC sebagai Router US$

73 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Teknologi ISDN l Card ISDN l Speed 2 x 64Kbps l PC sebagai Router Pulsa Tidak Mahal

74 Computer Network Research Group - ITB ISDN Equipment

75 Computer Network Research Group - ITB LMCS / MMDS l Asymetric Inbound / Outbound l 625Mbps Inbound l 144Mbps Outbound l Frekuensi GHz l Jarak 2 km (cell). l Contoh Aplikasi: Video on Demand & Internet.

76 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Komponen IT Content

77 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Content l Broadcast Internet. l Video Conference. l Internet Precence / Web.

78 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Cybercast Station

79 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Some Cool URLs in Internet l site l Web site l Video on Demand

80 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Video Tele-conference

81 Computer Network Research Group - ITB

82 Konfigurasi TeleConference

83 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Konfigurasi TeleConference Multimedia PC

84 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Konfigurasi TeleConference Kamera QuickCam US$80-150

85 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Konfigurasi TeleConference Akses Internet 64Kbps Menjadikan Total Biaya Rp / jam

86 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Konfigurasi TeleConference Keterangan Lebih Lanjut Silahkan Baca InfoKomputer Agustus ‘96

87 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Web Caching l Pemakan traffic terbesar di Internet l Perlu dilakukan caching secara serius. Artinya Page yang pernah di ambil, tidak perlu di ambil ulang. l ITB saat ini yang mempunyai paling tidak mempunyai 6-7 Web cache server running squid di FreeBSD.

88 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Internet Kondisi Indonesia & Strategi Mengkaitnya

89 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot)

90 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) Tahun 1993, Butuh Waktu Satu Malam Untuk Mengirim Satu Disket Ke Internet

91 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) Tahun 1994, Butuh Waktu Menit

92 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) Tahun 1995, Butuh Waktu ~1 Menit

93 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) Tahun 1996, Butuh Waktu 2-3 Detik Untuk Satu Disket

94 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) Naik Secara Exponensial!

95 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Indonesia Speed To Internet Year bps (log plot) Harus Membangun: + Komunitas / User + Backbone Nasional Untuk terus exponensial!

96 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Cara Paling Ekonomis? l Internet baru akan menguntungkan jika berlangganan secara kolektif. l Satu kampus dapat dihubungkan ke Internet dengan satu buah leased-line / saluran komunikasi. l Biaya berlangganan bagi 6-10 orang / bulan bisa membiayai langganan satu kampus selama satu bulan!

97 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Cara Paling Ekonomis? l Internet baru akan menguntungkan jika berlangganan secara kolektif. l Satu kampus dapat dihubungkan ke Internet dengan satu buah leased-line / saluran komunikasi. l Biaya berlangganan bagi 6-10 orang / bulan bisa membiayai langganan satu kampus selama satu bulan! Cukup Satu Kabel ke Internet Untuk Seluruh Mahasiswa di Satu Universitas

98 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Cara Paling Ekonomis? l Internet baru akan menguntungkan jika berlangganan secara kolektif. l Satu kampus dapat dihubungkan ke Internet dengan satu buah leased-line / saluran komunikasi. l Biaya berlangganan bagi 6-10 orang / bulan bisa membiayai langganan satu kampus selama satu bulan! Asumsi 5000 Mahasiswa / Univ. Melalui 1000 Kabel Telepon Bisa Menyambung 5 Juta Bangsa Indonesia

99 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Cara Paling Ekonomis? l Internet baru akan menguntungkan jika berlangganan secara kolektif. l Satu kampus dapat dihubungkan ke Internet dengan satu buah leased-line / saluran komunikasi. l Biaya berlangganan bagi 6-10 orang / bulan bisa membiayai langganan satu kampus selama satu bulan! Seringkali Kita Tidak Menyadari Hal ini

100 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Frequently Asked Questions? l Bagaimana cara menyambungkan sebuah Corporate Wide Area Network? l Peralatan apa saja yang dibutuhkan? l Bagaimana konfigurasi peralatan tersebut?

101 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Corporate / Campus Internet

102 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Corporate / Campus Internet Firewall / Proxy 486/586 Untuk: Security & Penghematan IP Address

103 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Corporate / Campus Internet Kampus Network di balik Firewall Menggunakan Kelas A 10.x.x.x

104 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Corporate / Campus Internet Bisa Memilih Antara 3 Alternatif

105 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Cara Lebih Murah khususnya untuk SMA

106 Computer Network Research Group - ITB

107 IntraNet SMU / SMP

108 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Packet Radio 24 jam

109 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Proxy & Dial-on-Demand untuk Web on Demand

110 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Sisi Praktis Internet Teknologi Internet

111 Computer Network Research Group - ITB

112

113 Modem Soundblaster l PC running Linux l Modem Packet Radio Soundblaster l Connect ke Radio l Kecepatan 1200bps s/d 9600bps.

114 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Anda Kesulitan? l Tanya ke Provider.... l Ada beberapa mailing list Indonesia yang sifatnya teknis

115 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Let’s Surf the Internet

116 Computer Network Research Group - ITB Anda Kesulitan? l Tanya ke Provider.... l Ada beberapa mailing list Indonesia yang sifatnya teknis

117 Computer Network Research Group - ITB

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