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Peran Iptek dan Inovasi dalam pembangunan Industri Nasional Pendayagunaan hasi Litbang Perguruan Tinggi dan Lembaga Riset lainnya bagi Pengembangan Industri.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Peran Iptek dan Inovasi dalam pembangunan Industri Nasional Pendayagunaan hasi Litbang Perguruan Tinggi dan Lembaga Riset lainnya bagi Pengembangan Industri."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Peran Iptek dan Inovasi dalam pembangunan Industri Nasional Pendayagunaan hasi Litbang Perguruan Tinggi dan Lembaga Riset lainnya bagi Pengembangan Industri Jatinangor, 1 Mei 2013 Muljowidodo Kartidjo

2 Indonesia diperhitungkan akan menjadi negara makmur Transformasi bentuk industri pada pengembangan ekonomi Development Pattern dan Development Mechanism Beberapa Contoh Development Mechanism Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Komite Ekonomi Nasional (KEN) Negara Kesejahteraan (Golkar) Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry Konsep pembangunan industri Indonesia jangka panjang Peran ITB dalam pengembangan ekonomi jangka panjang Bagian A Bagian B Bagian C Materi Presentasi Bagian D 5a 5b

3 Beberapa kata kunci Innovation menurut Merriam-Webster 1: the introduction of something new 2: a new idea, method, or device Science menurut Merriam-Webster such knowledge or such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena Technology menurut Merriam-Webster the practicall application of knowledge especially in a particular area Engineering menurut Merriam-Webster the application of science and mathematics by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to people 1). Iptek (Science & Technology) 2). Inovasi (Innovation)

4 Indonesia diperhitungkan akan menjadi negara makmur Transformasi bentuk industri pada pengembangan ekonomi Development Pattern dan Development Mechanism Beberapa Contoh Development Mechanism Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Komite Ekonomi Nasional (KEN) Negara Kesejahteraan (Golkar) Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry Konsep pembangunan industri Indonesia jangka panjang Peran ITB dalam pengembangan ekonomi jangka panjang Bagian A Bagian B Bagian C Materi Presentasi Bagian D 5a 5b

5 GDP Indonesia no 12 dunia (2030) GDP Indonesia no 8 dunia (2050) IMF World Bank OECD CIA ADB Goldman Sachs Mc Kinsey PwC Citi Frost & Sullivan Ernst & Young RBA Indonesia diperhitungkan akan menjadi negara makmur

6 Pertumbuhan Ekonomi rata2 8% -9% 10,000 – 12,000 Pertumbuhan Ekonomi rata2 10% -11% 21,000 – 23,000 Pertumbuhan Ekonomi rata2 6% -7% 41,000 PERSIAPANAKSELERASIKEBERLANJUTAN PDB Nominal per capita

7 Agriculture Industry Knowledge-basedScience-based Development Pattern Development Mechanism Government Lead Mechanism Market Lead Mechanism Country Background Condition Politics, Social, Financial Population, Resources Target of Development Program Development Strategy Economic Development Transformation of a Country

8 Agriculture Industry Knowledge-basedScience-based Economic Development Transformation of a Country Development Pattern Development Mechanism Government Lead Mechanism Market Lead Mechanism Development Strategy Benda Padat Benda Cair Benda UapEnergi Transformasi Transformasi 1Transformasi 2Transformasi 3 Target of Development Program

9 Development Pattern If there is no one to decide which of those development pattern to take, and no one lead the economy along the development pattern, no economic development can be realized The first step involves a choice between industrialization and agricultural development. The industrialization pattern may be of a domestic market-led or export market-led type There is also a choice between whether final, intermediate, and capital-goods markets will be developed together or in some sort of time succession. These kinds of path we will call “development patterns.” A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DEVELOPMENT MECHANISMS IN KOREA AND TAIWAN: INTRODUCTORY ANALYSIS TAMIO HATTORI, YUKIHITO SAT$O : The Developing Economies, XXXV-4 (December 1997): 341–57

10 Development Pattern & Development Mechanism

11 Korea Government Chaebol Taiwan Government SME China Government TVE SOE SME – Small Medium Enterprises SOE – State Own Enterprises TVE – Town Village Enterprises Chaebol – Huge Conglomerates JVE JVE – Joint Ventures Enterprises Governor Actors PE – Private Enterprises SME PEPE “ Governor berfungsi terutama mengatur dan me-fasilitasi actors agar mampu bersaing dan berkembang”

12 Beberapa contoh Program Pembangunan Jangka Panjang Program pembangunan Jepang Program pembangunan KoreaProgram pembangunan China Program pembangunan Taiwan Five-Year Plans 1962– – – – – – – First Plan (1953–1957) 2 Second Plan (1958–1962) 3 Third Plan (1966–1970) 4 Fourth Plan (1971–1975) 5 Fifth Plan (1976–1980) 6 Sixth Plan (1981–1985) 7 Seventh Plan (1986–1990) 8 Eighth Plan (1991–1995) 9 Ninth Plan (1996–2000) 10 Tenth Plan (2001–2005) 11 Eleventh Guideline (2006–2010) 12 Twelfth Guideline (2011–2015) Program pembangunan Hong KongProgram pembangunan Singapore

13 Concept of the Economic Growth Engines (Development Mechanism) Korea

14 Concept of the Economic Growth Engines (Development Mechanism) Korea

15 Concept of the Economic Growth Engines (Development Mechanism) Korea

16 Concept of the Economic Growth Engines (Development Mechanism) Korea Lessons learned from Korea

17 Concept of the Economic Growth Engines (Development Mechanism) China Transition of Power: With Deng Xiaoping in power China entered a remarkable period of economic transformation The Great Leap Forward – 1957 China would elude the timetable imposed by the rate of capital accumulation by calling upon the vast resources of its industrial and agricultural force, thus “walking on two legs.” Readjustment, Consolidation and Repair ( ) with the abandonment of the GLF, the moderates within the CCP effected sharp changes in policy to restore order and to repair damage done to economy. Particular emphasis was given to agriculture to reduce threat of mass malnutrition and starvation. The Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution (Jan. 1967) Anti Intellectual and Professional Socialism with Chinese Characteristics (1979-Present) Introduced a new philosophy of pragmatism (1983)

18 4 Basic Factors of Economic Development Concept State enterprises would remain "the leading force" in the economy, but other forms of collective, individual, and foreign joint venture ownership would be encouraged China would continue "on the whole" to have a planned economy, but planning would become indicative: macroeconomic guidance would replace mandatory targets 1 Markets would establish a "rational price system," which would be "the key to reform of the entire economic structure"; never-the-less, markets would not allocate or control ownership of labor, land, mines, banks, railways, or state owned enterprises (SOEs). 2 The economic functions of the government would be defined more narrowly, and the enterprises would be allowed to make more of their own decisions. 3 4 Lessons learned from China

19 Indonesia diperhitungkan akan menjadi negara makmur Transformasi bentuk industri pada pengembangan ekonomi Development Pattern dan Development Mechanism Beberapa Contoh Development Mechanism Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Komite Ekonomi Nasional (KEN) Negara Kesejahteraan (Golkar) Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry Konsep pembangunan industri Indonesia jangka panjang Peran ITB dalam pengembangan ekonomi jangka panjang Bagian A Bagian B Bagian C Materi Presentasi Bagian D 5a 5b

20 Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Komite Ekonomi Nasional (KEN) Negara Kesejahteraan (Golkar) 5 5a 5b

21 Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia “ Sumber: KEN”

22 “ Sumber: Negara Kesejahteraan” Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia

23 “ Sumber: Negara Kesejahteraan” Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Bagian I Naskah Pengantar

24 Bagian II: Naskah Pembangunan Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia “ Sumber: Negara Kesejahteraan”

25 Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Industri masa depan Indonesia adalah industri yang berbasis pada Ipek dan Inovasi Perlu disusun blue print pembangunan nasional yang merupakan dasar, strategi, tujuan dan pelaksanaan pembangunan nasional secara menyeluruh, terpadu, sistematis, bertahap, berkesinambungan “ Sumber: Negara Kesejahteraan” Ringkasan Industri masa depan Indonesia yang perlu dikembangkan meliputi industri: manufaktur, pangan, penerbangan, transportasi, perikanan, pertanian, perkebunan dan industri strategis lainnya. Untuk memperoleh penguasaan Iptek dan Inovasi untuk menunjang industri masa depan, maka kegiatan penelitian, pengembangan, pendidikan dan pelatihan mutlak perlu untuk ditingkatkan.

26 Indonesia diperhitungkan akan menjadi negara makmur Transformasi bentuk industri pada pengembangan ekonomi Development Pattern dan Development Mechanism Beberapa Contoh Development Mechanism Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Komite Ekonomi Nasional (KEN) Negara Kesejahteraan (Golkar) Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry Konsep pembangunan industri Indonesia jangka panjang Peran ITB dalam pengembangan ekonomi jangka panjang Bagian A Bagian B Bagian C Materi Presentasi Bagian D 5a 5b

27 Korea Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry

28 From Industry to Knowledge Based Economic Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry

29 Development Mechanism Government-Led Development Mechanism Goverment-Led Development Mechanism Technoparks, economic & technology development zones Case study on: Electronics, communications, automobile, home appliances, entertainment KoreaChina Strengthening research centers and high educations From Industry to Knowledge Based Economic Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry

30 Development Pattern Preparing the dessemination of the result of research activities through Industrial Incubators, Technoparks and Special Industrial Estate Upgrading manpower by higher technological education and more percentage of PhD graduate Establishing and strengthening the government research institutions (GRI) Carefully preparing the long term planning on research topic, and coordinating the research activities. From Industry to Knowledge Based Economic Establishing the goal of knowledge based industry of the future Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry

31 Agriculture Industry Knowledge-basedScience-based Development Pattern Development Mechanism Government Lead Mechanism Market Lead Mechanism Country Background Condition Politics, Social, Financial Population, Resources Target of Development Program Development Strategy Konsep Pembangunan Industri Indonesia Jangka Panjang Transformasi 2 Perlu disusun Development Pattern yang sesuai dengan Target Development Program yang ingin dicapai, serta memilih New Economic Growth Engines (Development Mechanism) yang paling mungkin untuk dilaksanakan

32 Konsep Pembangunan Industri Indonesia Jangka Panjang Pembentukan Pusat Riset Iptek Peningkatan Pendidikan Tinggi Pembentukan Incubator & Technopark Mendorong R&D di Industri

33 Konsep Pembangunan Industri Indonesia Jangka Panjang PT PR R&D I&T Menemukan, menentukan dan mengembangkan Economic Growth Engine (Development Mechanism)

34 Konsep Pembangunan Industri Indonesia Jangka Panjang Applied Science & Technology Components Development Product Design & Engineering Industrial Development Berbagai Pusat R & D Industri Perguruan Tinggi Penelitian Dasar Penelitian Aplikatif Penguasaan Core Technology Studi & Analisis Pengembangan Core Component Pengembangan Prototype Product Pengembangan Sistem Produksi

35 Indonesia diperhitungkan akan menjadi negara makmur Transformasi bentuk industri pada pengembangan ekonomi Development Pattern dan Development Mechanism Beberapa Contoh Development Mechanism Beberapa pemikiran pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia Komite Ekonomi Nasional (KEN) Negara Kesejahteraan (Golkar) Konsep pengembangan Knowledge-based Industry Konsep pembangunan industri Indonesia jangka panjang Peran ITB dalam pengembangan ekonomi jangka panjang Bagian A Bagian B Bagian C Materi Presentasi Bagian D 5a 5b

36 ... “akankah” peranan ITB sangat besar dalam kegiatan pengembangan ekonomi Indonesia dimasa mendatang?...

37 ..creation of spin-off company.. Stage 1Proof of Concept Stage 2Prototyping Stage 3Business Plan & Investor Stage 4Pilot Plant & Legal Aspect Stage 5Industrial Establishment Laboratory Incubator Techno Park Industrial Estate From idea To an industry

38 ITB Ganesha Campus ITB Jatinangor Campus ITB Walini Campus ITB Bekasi & Walini Campus Developing Industrial Prototype Developing Pilot Plant Exposing to Investor &Customer Tapping the bright Ideas..usulan ITB Grand Masterplan.. ITB Ganesha Campus Perubahan Budaya Perubahan Peraturan & Kebijakan Finding the Angel Investor Perubahan Sarana & Prasarana

39 ..usulan ITB Grand Masterplan..

40 Posisi ITB Multikampus yang sangat strategis

41 “...terima kasih..”


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