1 Harun Al-Rasyid Lubis / iTB FGD Penyusunan Konsep Transportasi Metropolitan Bandung Raya Bappeda JabarHarun Al-Rasyid Lubis / iTB
2 Transit Affairs : To be More Precise .... TOO LATE TO BE TRUEPOLICY INCONSISTENCIESMASTERPLAN & STUDIES ARE PILED UPFinally , MP3EINEGATIVE EXTERNALITIES INCREASEUnrealistic transit planImproved Bus Services, BRT and Monorail Enthusiasm
6 Tantangan Pengembangan Angmum Perkotaan Moda Split - Jabodetabek Among the most difficult challenges facing urban transit are:Decentralization. Public transit systems are not designed to service low density and scattered urban areas that are increasingly dominating the landscape. The greater the decentralization of urban activities, the more difficult and expensive it becomes to serve urban areas with public transit. Additionally, decentralization promotes long distance trips on transit systems causing higher operating costs and revenue issues for flat fare transit systems.Fixity. The infrastructures of several public transit systems, notably rail and subway systems are fixed, while cities are dynamical entities, even if the pace of change can take decades. This implies that travel patterns tend to change and that a transit system built for servicing a specific pattern may eventually face "spatial obsolescence".Connectivity. Public transit systems are often independent from other modes and terminals. It is consequently difficult to transfer passengers from one system to the other. This lead to a paradox between the preference of riders to have direct connections and the need to provide a cost efficient service network that involves transfers.Competition. In view of cheap and ubiquitous road transport systems, public transit faced strong competition and loss ridership in relative terms and in some cases in absolute terms. The higher the level of automobile dependency, the more inappropriate the public transit level of service. The public service being offered is simply outpaced by the convenience of the automobile. However, changes in energy prices are likely to impose a new equilibrium in this relationship.Financing and fare structures. Most public transit systems have abandoned a fare structure to a simpler flat fare system. This had the unintended consequence of discouraging short trips for which most transit systems are well suited for, and encouraging longer trips that tend to be more costly per user than the fares they generate. Information systems offer the possibility for transit systems to move back to a more equitable distance based fare structure.
9 DUAL TRACK STRATEGY Saat ini sepeda motor menjadi pilihan. Agar sistem angkutan massal perkotaan dapat berfungsi optimal maka harus:Didukung oleh sistem feeder yang efektifPola tata ruang yang ber-pola Transit Oriented DevelopmentPricing policy dan kebijakan manajemen transportasi yang berbasis insentif dan dis-insentif
10 ATP WTP dan SP Hasil sampel data Tahun 2014 Hasil analisis Tahun 2013 ModaWTP (Rp/trip)ATP (Rp/trip)Angkot1236813438Bus1332114410
11 Total Penumpang Skenario Monorel BMA (%) TahunAngkotDAMRITMBKeretaMonorelTotal(orang)2018716273263521561040226800143620201910157740692304614029644742238182020114646459173481164197471625517920211270864795637031841583581280741202616449046977404532655146371394538203158401231548505461203687524366416669452204112750658004492306220461839269185532051262424
15 Public monopoly Market Partnerships (PPP) 1. Good Public & Corporate Governance2. Choosing Appropriate Assessment ProcedureGovernmentParliementPrivate Sector & SOEsCommuntiy / Civil SoceityProfess . AssocUniversitiesNGOConstitutionMPWMoTMoHousing, MoHealthRegulatory BodiesRules to be applied :Model good governanceGovernment less governRoles of private sect & Communtiy should be increased in phasing ( gradually )Formation of regulatory bodiesPrerequisite:Clean governmentPrivates are capableIndusty and society are professional / mature15
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