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 CIRI-CIRI UMUM:  -Tipe sel: sel Prokariotik (sama dengan bakteri)  -Uniseluler dan Multiseluler  -Memiliki pigmen fikosianin  -Klorofil tidak di.

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Presentasi berjudul: " CIRI-CIRI UMUM:  -Tipe sel: sel Prokariotik (sama dengan bakteri)  -Uniseluler dan Multiseluler  -Memiliki pigmen fikosianin  -Klorofil tidak di."— Transcript presentasi:

1  CIRI-CIRI UMUM:  -Tipe sel: sel Prokariotik (sama dengan bakteri)  -Uniseluler dan Multiseluler  -Memiliki pigmen fikosianin  -Klorofil tidak di dalam kloroplas, tetapi tersebar di seluruh sitoplasma  HABITAT  -Perairan (terutama perairan tawar) dan tempat- tempat lembab.  -Mampu hidup pada perairan dengan suhu sampai 85 derajat C (sumber air panas) sehingga Ganggang Biru merupakan salah satu vegetasi perintis.

2 1. Alga biru uniseluler - Chroococcus -> hidup di air/kolam yang tenang - Gloeocapsa -> hidup pada batu atau epifit pada tumbuhan lain 2. Alga biru uniseluler berkoloni - Polycistis - Spirulina -> dapat diolah menjadi makanan kesehatan (food suplement) 3. Alga biru berbentuk benang - Oscillatoria - Nostoc commune - anabaena azollae dan anabaena cycadae bersimbiosis dengan Azolla pinnata dan Cycas rumphii. Simbiosis Anabaena azollae dengan Azolla pinnata sebagai alternatif pupuk Urea, karena simbiosis ini dapat meningkatkan kadar Nitrogen di lahan persawahan.

3  Cyanobacteria Figure 16.13x

4  These bacteria photosynthesize in a plant-like way ◦ They often “bloom” in polluted water Figure 16.13A, B

5

6 Some Characteristics of the Cyanobacteria Contain Chlorophyll-a and carotenoids, plus the phycobilins (proteinaceous photosynthetic pigments) phycocyanin and phycoerythrin found in thylakoids Have cell walls of peptidoglycan The carbohydrate stored is glycogen Don’t have flagella Some fix nitrogen in specialized cells called heterocysts

7 Gelatinous matrix Individual cells Gloeocapsa Filaments of Nostoc commune

8 Symbiotic Associations of Cyanobacteria * Anaboena azollae in leaves of the water fern Azolla * Nostoc in apogeotropic roots of Zamia * Nostoc and other genera in some lichens * Nostoc in leaves of some tropical angiosperms * Richelia in some pennate diatoms * Nostoc in Anthoceros (Hornworts) * Gloeocapsa in polar bear hairs * “Cyanelles” in protozoans (Glaucophytes) - cyanobacteria enclosed in vacuoles, and acting like chloroplasts

9 Cyanelles (endosymbiotic cyanobacteria) in the ‘glaucophyte’ Glaucocystis

10 Heterocysts In Rivularia, the heterocysts are basal In Anaboena, the heterocysts are intercalary Oscillatoria lacks heterocysts

11 Akinetes Heterocyst Akinete Cylindrospermum Anabaena

12 Cell and Filament Division in Cyanophyta Cell Division in Anaboena Hormogonium Formation in Oscillatoria

13 False Branching in Cyanophyta In Tolypothrix, false branching occurs adjacent to the heterocyst Scytonema

14 Geological Activities of Cyanobacteria Travertine (calcium carbonate) precipitated by cyanobacteria in Yellowstone National Park hot springs (from Moore) Stromatolites forming on tidal flats in Western Australia (from Raven)

15 Cyanobacteria in Agriculture Rice Paddy in Malaysia The Water fern Azolla Section through Azolla leaf Photo- synthetic tissue Cavity Anaboena Secretory hair

16 Cyanobacteria as Food Flamingoes feeding on Spirulina in alkaline Lake Nakuru, Kenya * Spirulina contains 70% its dry weight as protein * used Spirulina as food (Single cell Protein)


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