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Requirement Enginering Firdaus, M.T.. TIK Mahasiswa dapat : Memahami metode requirement dalam merencanakan sistem.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Requirement Enginering Firdaus, M.T.. TIK Mahasiswa dapat : Memahami metode requirement dalam merencanakan sistem."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Requirement Enginering Firdaus, M.T.

2 TIK Mahasiswa dapat : Memahami metode requirement dalam merencanakan sistem

3 Bagian yang tersulit dari pembuatan sotftware adalah memutuskan apa yang akan di buat [Fred Brooks]

4 Antara 40% - 60% dari kegagalan dan kerusakan software disebabkan karena lemahnya manajemen software dan mendifinisikan permintaan

5 Salah satu isu terbesar adalah waktu yang dimiliki untuk menuliskan requirement. Terkadang ketika deadline waktu sangat sempit, developer software mungkin memulai sebelum requirement dilengkapi, dan ini akan menyebakan banyak masalah di kemudian hari

6 Requirement Engineering menyediakan mekanisme yang tepat untuk memahami yang diinginkan pengguna, analisa kebutuhan, menaksir kemungkinan, negosiasi solusi yang layak, menspesifikasikan solusi yang tidak ambigu, memvalidasi spesifikasi, memenej requirement.

7 Tehnik Investigasi Requirement Interview  bertanya langung kepada user Workshop  Diskusi forum Observasi  Melihat langsung ke lapangan

8 Tugas Requirement Enginering

9 Inception (Pendahuluan) Pada tahap ini, perekayasa sistem informasi menanyakan pertanyaan bebas. Menetapkan permasalahan dasar dari masalah Menentukan orang yang menginginkan solusi Menentukan Sifat dasar solusi yang di inginkan Ke efektifan komunikasi dan kolaborasi pendahuluan antara pelanggan dan pengembang

10 Elicitation (Pemunculan) Bagaimana sistem/produk sesuai dengan kebutuhan bisnis Bagaimana sistem digunakan Permasalahan elicitation – Permasalahan scope – Permasalahan Pengertian

11 Elaboration Informasi yang diperoleh dari konsumen/pengguna selama proses inception dan elicitation diperluas dan disharing selama elaborasi Elaborasi adalah tahapan awal analisa model Hasil : informasi, fungsi dan kebiasaan

12 Negotiation Negosiasi konflik – Scope kerja – Prioritas – Pengukuran kepuasan Bagaimana mengerjakan ini? – Definisikan prioritas!

13 Specification Spesifikasi adalah produk final dari requirement Spesifikasi dapat berupa: – Dokumen tulisan Written document – Model grafis Graphical model – Model matematika Math model – Koleksi skenario penggunaan – Prototype

14 Validation Validasi requirement menguji spesifikasi untuk menjamin bahwa requirement software telah dipertimbangkan Mekanisme validasi requiremen adalah dengan me-review teknis formal

15 Step by Step Process 1. Inception 2. Elicitation 3. Elaboration 4. Negotiation 5. Specification 6. Validation Requirement Management

16 Proses Requirement Engineering a. Identifikasi Stakeholder Stakeholder adalah siapapun yang memperoleh keuntungan dari sistem yang dikembangkan, seperti manajer bisnis operasi, manajer produk, pelanggan, dll Setiap stakeholder memiliki perbedaan pandangan terhadap sistem dan memiliki keuntungan yang berbeda Pada tahap inception, perekayasa sistem harus membuat daftar stakeholder

17 Proses Requirement Engineering b. menghargai beragam sudut pandang Setiap stakeholder akan mengeksplor beragam sudut pandang Requirement yang muncul mungkin menjadi tidak konsisten atau mungkin bertentangan satu dengan yang lainnya. Tugas seorang perekayasa adalah mengkategorikan seluruh informasi dari stakeholer, termasuk ketidak konsistenan dan pertentangan

18 Proses Requirement Engineering c. Bekerja Menuju Kolaborasi The job of requirement engineer is to identify areas of commonality and area of conflict or inconsistent. In many cases, stakeholders collaborate to make final decision about which requirements make the cut.

19 Proses Requirement Engineering d. Asking the First Questions (1 of 3) To know, who will have interest in the software to be built? Who is behind the request for this work? Who will use the solution? What will be the economic benefit of a successful solution? Is there another source for the solution that you need?

20 Proses Requirement Engineering e. Asking the First Questions (2 of 3) To gain a better understanding How would you characterize “good” output that would be generated by a successful solution? What problems will this solution address? Can you show me the business environment in which the solution be used?

21 Proses Requirement Engineering f. Asking the First Questions (3 of 3) To know the effectiveness of the communication activity itself Are you the right person to answer these question? Are your answer official? Are my question relevant to the problem that you have?

22 Step by Step Process 1. Inception 2. Elicitation 3. Elaboration 4. Negotiation 5. Specification 6. Validation Requirement Management

23 Proses Requirement Engineering a. Eliciting Requirements QFD (Quality Function Deployment) is a technique that translates the needs of the customer into technical requirements for software. Three types of QFD requirement – Normal requirements – Expected requirements (ex: HMI) – Exciting requirements

24 Proses Requirement Engineering b. Eliciting Requirements

25 Proses Requirement Engineering c. Developing Use-Cases (1) Who is the primary actor(s), the secondary actor(s)? What are the actor’s goals? What preconditions should exist before the story begins? What main tasks of functions are performed by the actor? What expectations might be considered as the story is described? What variation in the actor’s interaction are possible? What ……………….. [refer to chapter 7 …]

26 Proses Requirement Engineering d. Developing Use-Cases (2) In this case, there are three actors: homeowner, configuration manager, sensors and monitoring sub system (sensors).

27 Proses Requirement Engineering e. Developing Use-Cases (3)

28 Actor Use Case System Boundary

29 Step by Step Process 1. Inception 2. Elicitation 3. Elaboration 4. Negotiation 5. Specification 6. Validation Requirement Management

30 Proses Requirement Engineering a. Building ‘early’ Analysis Model UML Class DiagramUML State Diagram Class name Class attribu- tes Class methods

31 Step by Step Process 1. Inception 2. Elicitation 3. Elaboration 4. Negotiation 5. Specification 6. Validation Requirement Management

32 Proses Requirement Engineering 7. Negotiating Requirements It is natural, the developer and customer enter into process of negotiation The best negotiation strive for a “win-win” result

33 Step by Step Process 1. Inception 2. Elicitation 3. Elaboration 4. Negotiation 5. Specification 6. Validation Requirement Management

34 Proses Requirement Engineering a. Validating Requirement Is each requirement consistent with overall objective for the system/product? Have all requirements been specified at the proper level of abstraction? Is the requirement really necessary or does it represent an add-on feature that may not be essential to the objective of the system? ……….. [refer to chapter 7, page ]

35 Final Results The hardest single part of building a software is deciding what to build …. Requirement Engineering Steps: (1) Inception, (2) Elicitation, (3) Elaboration, (4) Negotiation, (5) Specification, and (6) Validation Requirement engineering should be supported by Requirement Management Unsolved problem in requirement engineering will cause problem in next engineering process, and will be very costly


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