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The Market Forces of Supply and Demand Chris Surya Sudjianto, SE.

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Presentasi berjudul: "The Market Forces of Supply and Demand Chris Surya Sudjianto, SE."— Transcript presentasi:

1 The Market Forces of Supply and Demand Chris Surya Sudjianto, SE.

2 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. The Market Forces of Supply and Demand u Penawaran dan Permintaan adalah 2 kata yang paling sering digunakan oleh economists. u Penawaran dan Permintaan adalah faktor penggerak ekonomi pasar. u Ekonomi Mikro Modern menyangkut penawaran, permintaan dan equilibrium pasar.

3 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Markets u Pasar tempat bertemunya pembeli dan penjual barang dan jasa. u Aturan permintaan dan penawaran mengacu pada kebiasaan manusia… dalam berinteraksi dalam pasar.

4 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Markets u Buyers determine demand. u Sellers determine supply.

5 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Permintaan n Sejumlah barang dan jasa yang diminta oleh konsumen pada berbagai tingkat harga dan periode tertentu. n Keinginan disertai dengan kemampuan untuk membeli barang dan jasa pada tingkat harga dan waktu tertentu

6 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Demand Quantity demanded is the amount of a good that buyers are willing and able to purchase.

7 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Demand Schedule Tabel Permintaan menunjukan hubungan antara harga barang dan jumlah barang yang diminta The demand schedule is a table that shows the relationship between the price of the good and the quantity demanded.

8 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Demand Schedule

9 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Determinants of Demand u Market price u Prices of related goods u Consumer income u Tastes u Expectations

10 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Determinants of Demand u Harga barang dan jasa u Barang substitusi dan barang komplementer u Jumlah dan karakteristik penduduk u Perubahan tradisi, mode, dan selera masyarakat u Perkiraan dan harapan masyarakat u Hari raya keagaman u Kondisi sosial dan ekonomi

11 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Demand Curve The demand curve is the downward- sloping line relating price to quantity demanded.

12 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Demand Curve $ Price of Ice-Cream Cone Quantity of Ice-Cream Cones 0

13 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Supply Penawaran adalah kuantitas barang dan jasa yang tersedia dan dapat ditawarkan oleh produsen kepada konsumen pada setiap tingkat harga pada periode tertentu Quantity supplied is the amount of a good that sellers are willing and able to sell.

14 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Supply Schedule Tabel penawaran menunjuakan hubungan antara harga barang dan jasa dengan jumlah barang yang ditawarkan. The supply schedule is a table that shows the relationship between the price of the good and the quantity supplied.

15 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Supply Schedule

16 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Determinants of Supply u Market price u Input prices u Technology u Expectations u Number of producers

17 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Determinants of Supply u Harga barang dan jasa u Kemajuan teknologi u Biaya Produksi u Persediaan sarana produksi u Jumlah Produsen u Peristiwa alam u Ekspektasi produsen u Harga barang dan jasa lain

18 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Supply Curve The supply curve is the upward- sloping line relating price to quantity supplied.

19 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. Supply Curve $ Price of Ice-Cream Cone Quantity of Ice-Cream Cones 0

20 Harcourt, Inc. items and derived items copyright © 2001 by Harcourt, Inc. TASK n Apa yang dimaksud dengan Ceteris Paribus ? Jelaskan menggunakan kata – katamu! n Bagaimana Hukum Permintaan? n Bagaimana Hukum Penawaran?


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